How the properties of skin affected by psoriasis?
For skin affected by psoriasis, characterized by accelerated renewal of the epidermis. Normally, for a complete renovation of the epidermal cells takes 3-4 weeks, but in psoriasis it takes only 4-7 days. Due to dehydration, the skin becomes drier and less elastic. Furthermore, it becomes prone to inflammation, platelet therefore appearing at various parts of the body, especially the hands, legs, trunk and scalp, a reddish color. Usually plaques covered with thin whitish scales.
Psoriasis — a chronic disease with an undulating course, usually occurs after 15 years.
How can I reduce the pain and itching?
In order not to aggravate the inflammation, try not to rub or comb plaque. Caring for the skin, treat it with extreme caution. Do not remove the dead skin crusts that form on the elbows, knees, and scalp. Better if flakes will gradually flake themselves as skin healing.
How should I wash the affected skin with psoriasis?
When washing do not rub or stretch the skin.
It is better to give preference to the soul, not the baths as they dry the skin. However, to relax, you can sometimes take a bath, but on the condition that it will not be too long, and the water is not very hot — a maximum of 37-38 ° C.
Use a neutral soap and fragrance free.
After washing, do not attempt to remove the horny skin on the elbows and knees.
Dry the skin with a towel should be very carefully and lightly press it to the body.
Carefully being drained all the folds and hidden areas of the skin. Particular attention is paid to the ear canal and ear shells for the skin, armpits, skin folds under the breasts, navel and groin, and skin between the toes.
Can I swim in psoriasis?
You can swim in psoriasis, but not during exacerbations, when the skin is particularly vulnerable. Another bathing explain that psoriasis contagious, and they are not at risk, being close to you.
Before a dip in the pool, apply petroleum jelly to the plaque, to protect them from the action of chlorine and other chemicals that are added to the water. Coming out of the pool, rinse your skin with warm clear water. The skin is being drained with a soft towel, gently patting them on the body.
Which cosmetics and skin care products can be used for psoriasis?
In psoriasis, you can use mild alkaline soaps, deodorants, cosmetics, etc. It is best suited for sensitive resources or children's skin. If you are allergic to any perfumes use the same allergy remedies that you applied to the first exacerbation of psoriasis. It should be remembered that the substances that cause allergic reactions may be part of air fresheners and fabric softeners.
When inflammation of the skin in the armpits can be rinsed with saline. As long as the redness does not pass, it is not recommended to use deodorant. Avoid products containing alcohol and flavors.
You can use regular and waterproof makeup for eyes, lips and face.
Hair removal is best to use cold wax, irritating the skin less than the hot wax, depilatory creams or shaving, especially if the plaque placed on the legs and armpits.
What are the means for skin care should be used in psoriasis?
Those who suffer from psoriasis, it is hard to decide what means for removing makeup or lotions for the body better use, especially given the ever-growing range of these products. In this section, we will show you by what means are suitable for sensitive skin and body.
We do not give an exhaustive list, but only some of the tools that you can use. Do not hesitate to ask the pharmacist for more information.
Psoriasis — a chronic disease that often has an undulating course. It is characterized by increased proliferation of keratinocytes, which leads to hyperkeratosis (thickening of the horny layer of the epidermis), and the appearance of inflamed reddish patches on the skin.
Assortment of skin care for psoriasis is not complete, so it is important to choose the funds that do not cause irritation and do not have allergenic properties. Skin irritation can lead to the phenomenon of Koebner, ie, the appearance of new plaques on irritated skin. In commercially available tools to keratolytic action to help remove the scales, which facilitates the access of drugs for topical use (eg, glucocorticoids, and vitamin-D) to the affected skin and absorption. Finally, in psoriasis should use emollients (moisturizers) agents, as they increase the elasticity of the skin and make it less rough and dry. Especially suitable for this facility on the basis of water from hot springs (have a soothing and anti-inflammatory properties).
While the preparations for the care of the skin can not replace drugs for the local treatment of psoriasis, both can complement each other. Means for skin care help to improve the general condition of patients with psoriasis as reduce discomfort and improve the appearance of skin. Well hydrated skin looks better and is softer, so that patients with psoriasis feel more confident. Thus, use of these agents may help to improve their quality of life.
Moisturizing body lotions
In psoriasis, the skin becomes dry and rough, horny layer of the epidermis thickens considerably. Report cellular processes leading to the fact that the skin becomes increasingly difficult to retain moisture, and it is subjected to dehydration. Therefore, psoriasis recommended emollients that make skin more pliable. Substances such as urea, amino acid and lactic acid, to absorb and hold water, means that attach softening properties, petrolatum, beeswax, vegetable oils, ceramides prevent dehydration of the skin — protective properties.
Better use the designation "M / O" (oil in water) on the package, the use of which the skin is not as thick as in the use of means with the designation «W / O» (water in oil). Patients with psoriasis are usually suitable means to care for very dry skin and those designed for patients with atopic dermatitis. However, skin inflammation of psoriasis is not always lead to dryness. Atopic dermatitis — a skin disease, which manifests itself in the form of eczema. Although some of its manifestations (especially redness and itching) resemble some forms of psoriasis, atopic dermatitis does not lead to a thickening of the stratum corneum.
Special treatment, designed for different forms or stages (progressive or stable) psoriasis has not been developed. However, all patients tolerate wetting agents, which are used after a shower and a bath and have a long duration of action. It is believed that they can slow down the renewal of skin cells in half and prevent the emergence of new zones of destruction.
It is important to remember that the emollients can be used directly prior to irradiation of skin UV or UV-B, because they impede access of light to the skin. However, they can be used on the day before the procedure, or the night before.
Patients with psoriasis, especially if they have itchy plaques suitable facilities for the care of the skin that is affected by atopic dermatitis (enriched with omega-3 fatty acids and essential fatty acids). Although the shortage of fatty acids characteristic of atopic dermatitis, there is every reason to believe that they are necessary and psoriasis, as it is characterized accelerated renewal of the epidermis.
Actinic skin — a normal process, during which the skin is refreshed by the keratinocytes. Keratinocytes make up the population of cells of the epidermis and produce keratin. In psoriasis, their functioning is disturbed, resulting in the horny layer of the epidermis thickens and becomes covered with scales. Since the shedding of keratinocytes in psoriasis is broken, the skin becomes rough. To combat hyperkeratosis (thickening of the skin) using different agents, including salicylic
acid, urea, lactic acid.
Salicylic acid, which has a keratolytic and antiseptic, is the active substance, which is part of many tools used in irritation and flaking skin. Urea acts as a keratolytic and moisturizer. The so-called alpha-gidroksilovye acid and fruit acids (such as glycolic and citric) has long been used in cosmetics because of its exfoliates and smoothes the action as they help remove excess obsolete cells. Stronger gidroksilovye alpha acid (lower pH) have a more pronounced effect of peeling. In psoriasis can use only the alpha gidroksilovye weak acids such as ammonium lactate. Keratolytics are available in creams t emulsions, they help remove obsolete epidermis and scales. These funds are especially encouraged to apply thickened and scaly skin of the body and scalp.
Most keratolytic agents comprise another active ingredient which helps moisturize the horny layer of the epidermis. These agents can be used as maintenance therapy for normal skin moisture and prevent exacerbations. With the defeat of the epidermis, these tools soften it and make it more pliable.
Treatment with oozing skin lesions
In some cases, psoriasis is accompanied by moist skin in the affected area which resemble bubbles located on its surface. These bubbles fill the colorless or yellowish clear liquid. If they are damaged, spontaneous or due to scratching, the skin looks moist and can be covered with crusts. In those places where the skin is under constant friction blisters appear again after the burst. The reason may be oozing injury or inflammation.
Facial Skin Care
If the facial skin is intact psoriasis to clean it possible to use any means appropriate to the type of skin, including soap, water, means for removing makeup, cleansing lotion, or gel. In the presence of acne is better to use mild cleansing gels. If the skin is dry, it is recommended to use cleansers that do not contain soap, toilet soap and cleansing milk. If the skin is hit with psoriasis, should be carefully monitored for its purity, cleansing her in the morning and evening, and every day (or even several times a day in severe dryness) to put on her moisturizer. Although the ideal means to care for psoriatic skin does not exist, use the ones that do not cause irritation. You can treat the skin pairs of mineral water, which helps to remove scales and reduce redness. Dried skin neat promakivaniem towel. If it affects the skin should avoid visiting beauty salons and at home — the use of masks and scrubs for the face, which can increase irritation. In the absence of lesions optional means can be used with different active substances (e.g., anti-aging), as long as they are well tolerated. However, products containing vitamin A derivatives should be used with caution.
Care of the scalp
In psoriasis of the scalp skin in this area can thicken and covered with red plaques covered with a large number of scales. To remove scales and reduce itching be used keratolytic shampoos that do not contain the tar. Shampoo is applied to the roots of the hair and wash off after 5 minutes. After that, the hair should be thoroughly rinsed and then again rinsed with a suitable for this type of hair shampoo. Once the scalp is cleansed of defeat, it is necessary to use a mild shampoo that prevent dandruff. If you use the right shampoo, wash your hair every day can be. To remove the scales from the scalp can be used keratolytic creams. For maximum effect, it is recommended to put the cream on the scalp and leave for 2 hours, wearing on his head with a shower cap. In the absence of an exacerbation of psoriasis can dye the hair, but it can not be washed with hot water and drying with hot air.
Protection from the sun's rays
Although sunlight is beneficial to the skin in psoriasis, it should be protected from the harmful effects of UV-A and UV-B. Produced a special sunscreen for patients with atopic dermatitis, such as lotion for children with high protection SPF50 Mustela.