Snoring— This is a sound phenomenon that occurs when the vibration of soft structures of the throat against passing a jet of air through narrowed airways.
More than 30% of the adult population suffers from snoring, after 60 years — 60%.
Snoring is the sound is more a social problem for others than for the man himself. However snoring may be a precursor and one of the main symptoms of serious disease — the disease stops breathing during sleep (syndrome Obstructive sleep apnea).
Snoringcan occur when:
- deviated septum
- congenital narrowness of the nasal passages or throat,
- presence of polyps in the nose,
- elongated uvula,
- Enlarged tonsils (adnoidah)
The appearance of snoring by the following factors and disease, reducing the muscle tone of the pharynx: lack of sleep and fatigue, alcohol, taking sleeping pills, smoking, decreased thyroid function, cessation of menstruation in women aging.
All this leads to a narrowing of the airways and the appearance of the characteristic sound when breathing during sleep.
What's going on?
Snoring, people often complain of daytime sleepiness. This is because snoring causes frequent arousals brain i.e. disturbed sleep. The body and the brain do not rest at night. And, trying to take his own, the brain tries to sleep during the day in order to somehow compensate for the lack of sleep a night.
Snoring is to be treated, especially if the first signs of obstructive sleep apnea: a restless sleep surface, sweating and rapid nighttime urination, fatigue and headaches in the morning, severe daytime sleepiness, irritability, loss of memory and attention.
Diagnosis of snoring is put without much difficulty. For this poll relatives and conduct screening tests. However, there are additional instrumental techniques for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea. Patients prescribed polysomnography — method study the respiratory and cardiovascular systems at the patient during sleep.
People who suffer from snoring, should be referred to an otolaryngologist and neurologist.
If possible, remove the cause of snoring. In particular, eliminate risk factors such as smoking before bedtime, alcohol.
There are various methods of conservative and surgical treatment of snoring and sleep apnea syndrome.
Conservative methods aim at increasing the airways. Patients should choose the proper sleeping position. There are special intraoral devices that prevent snoring. There are also exercises to reduce snoring.
Surgical correction of snoring andapnea dream involves complex operations, improve nasal breathing, increase the clearance of the pharynx, reducing the size of the soft palate and pharyngeal lymphoid formations. Typically, such operations are quite gently, and can be performed with a laser, ultrasonic and endoscopic equipment.
In addition, for the treatment of snoring technique used CPAP (continuous positive creation airway pressure).