January 21, 2012 12:52
1. Leafy sea dragon.
Who said that dragons and unicorns do not exist? In shutmusicup published a list of the twenty five most unusual animals on Earth.
What kind of animal: marine fish, a relative of the seahorse.
Habitat: in the waters around southern and western Australia, often in shallow water, in lukewarm water.
Special features: the head and body processes, like the leaves, are only a disguise. Driven by the pectoral fin, located on the crest of the neck, and the dorsal fin near the tip of the tail. These fins are fully transparent.
Size: grows to 45 cm
By the way: leafy sea dragon — the official emblem of South Australia.
2. Malay bear or biruang.
What kind of animal: mammal of the bear family.
Habitat: from northeast India and southern China through Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina and the Malay Peninsula to Indonesia.
Special features: a stocky, powerful animal with a short and wide muzzle. The ears are short and rounded. Limbs high with disproportionate legs, claws are very large, curved. The feet are bare. Small canines. Fur in biruang short, hard and smooth. Black, on the face of changes in Chalo yellow. On the chest is usually a large whitish or reddish stain in a horseshoe shape, resembling the shape and color of the rising sun. Nocturnal animal, often for days sleeping and sunbathing in the trees where the nest is building a likeness.
Sizes: the smallest of the family of bears: the length does not exceed 1.5 m (plus 3-7 cm tail), withers height of 50-70 cm, weight 27-65 kg.
By the way: biruang are one of the rarest species of bear.
What kind of animal: Hungarian sheepdog — the breed of dogs.
Habitat: where his house because it pet. More precisely — everywhere.
Special features: the content of the Komondor needs special care for his hair, which can reach a length of almost a meter. It is not subject to scratching, but as you grow, you must separate the strands formed, the coat does not fall down.
Dimensions: this "King of the Hungarian sheepdogs" is one of the biggest dog in the world, the growth at the withers for males is 80 cm, and a long white coat, folded into original laces, makes the dog even more massive and imposing.
By the way, feed this huge dog does not cause much trouble. Like all herding dogs, they are very unpretentious and eat quite a bit, a little more than 1 kg of feed per day.
4. Angora rabbit.
What kind of animal: mammal species of rodents.
Habitat: where his house because it pet. More precisely — everywhere.
Special features: the animal is, indeed, very impressive, there are instances in which the hair reaches a length of 80 cm, this coat is very much appreciated, and it is prepared from a variety of useful things, even underwear, socks, gloves, scarves, and, finally, tissue. Pounds of wool angora rabbit usually valued at 10 — 12 rubles. A rabbit can deliver the wool in the year to 0.5 kg, but usually delivers less. The Angora rabbit is bred mostly ladies, and why it is sometimes called the "ladies."
Dimensions: the average weight of 5 kg, body length 61 cm, chest 38 cm, but the possible options.
By the way, every week should be combing these rabbits, as if you do not take care of their hair, they get a nasty look.
5. Red panda.
What kind of animal: animal of coonskin.
Habitat: China, northern Burma, Bhutan, Nepal and north-eastern India. West of Nepal does not occur. He lives in the mountainous bamboo forests at an altitude of 2000-4000 meters above sea level in a temperate climate.
Special features: top coat small red panda or a nut, bottom is dark, reddish-brown or black. At the hair on the back yellow tips. Glossy-black paws, tail, red, with indistinct lighter narrow rings, head light, with the edges of the ears and muzzle are almost white, and about eye pattern as a mask. Red panda is mainly a night (or rather, Twilight) lifestyle, sleeping during the day in the hollow, and covered her head curled tail. In case of emergency also climb trees. Pandas on the ground are moving slowly and awkwardly, but perfectly climb trees, but, nevertheless, it feeds mainly on the ground — in the main, young leaves and bamboo shoots.
Dimensions: body length 51-64 cm, tail 28-48 cm and weighs 3-4.5 kg
By the way, small pandas live alone. The "personal" territory females covers about 2.5 square meters. km, male — twice.
What kind of animal: edentate mammal belonging to the family Bradypodidae.
Habitat: are found in Central and South America.
Special features: most of the time sloths spend hanging on a tree, upside down, 15 hours a day sloths sleep. Physiology and behavior of sloths focused on austerity energy, since they eat low-calorie leaves. Digestion takes about a month. In the well-fed sloth? body weight may consist of food in the stomach. Do sloths long neck to reach the leaves from a large area, not moving. The body temperature of active sloth is 30-34 ° C, and the rest lower. Sloths do not like to climb down from the trees, because they are on the ground helpless. In addition, it requires energy. They peel down to the administration of natural needs, which make only once a week (which is why they have bladder huge), and sometimes to go to another tree, where in order to further save energy often gather in groups forks of branches. The assumption is that while they lazily mate.
Dimensions: weight sloths different species varies from 4 to 9 kg, and body length of about 60 centimeters.
By the way: sloths are so slow that their hair often live butterfly moth.
7. Imperial Tamarin.
What kind of animal: the primacy, Cebidae.
Habitat: in the rain forests of the Amazon in the south-east regions of Peru, Bolivia, north-west and north-west Brazil.
Special features: feature types — especially the long white whiskers hanging down to his chest and shoulders two strands. Nails on the fingers, not nails, only thumbs hind legs — nails. Spend most of their lives in the trees, there can not be much because of its weight to get larger species of monkeys.
Dimensions: length of the body is 9,2-10,4 inches, tail length 14-16,6 inches. Weight 180-250 g adult
By the way: tamarins live in groups of 2.8 individuals. All team members have their own rank, and at the highest level is the old female. Therefore bear the young males.
8. White-faced saki.
What kind of animal: the primacy, New World monkey.
Habitat: live in rainforests, the drier forests and even in the savannas of the Amazon in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela.
Special features: black coat color, the front part of the head, forehead and throat males are light, almost white. Sometimes the head is reddish in color. Fur is thick and soft, the tail is long and bushy. The tail is not prehensile. In females, the overall color and monochrome brown. Around the nose and mouth, a bright band.
Size: males have a lot of 1.5-2 kg heavier than the females. Body length of 15 inches, tail 20 inches.
By the way, white-faced saki lifetime spend on trees. Sometimes down to the lower tier of the tropical forests (in the lower branches of trees and shrubs) in search of food. In an emergency, they make long jumps, tail in this case is the balance weight. Are active in the daytime and at night.
What kind of animal: a large herbivore of the order Perissodactyla.
Habitat: Central America, in warm places in South America and Southeast Asia.
Special features: tapirs — relatively ancient mammals: even among the remains of the animals age of 55 million years you can find many tapiropodobnyh animals. Closest to the other tapirs solipeds: horse and rhinoceros. The front legs are tetradigitate, and rear three-fingered, on the fingers of little hooves to help move the dirt and soft ground.
Size: The size of tapirs differ from species to species, but as a rule, the length of a tapir is about two meters, the height at the withers of about one meter, weight from 150 to 300 kg.
By the way, tapirs — forest animals who love the water. In the forests of tapirs eat fruit, leaves and berries. Their main enemy is the man who hunts the tapirs for their meat and skin.
What kind of animal: an animal of the class jawless.
Habitat: Sea inhabit temperate, holding close to the bottom at a depth of 400 meters at a salinity below 29% stop eating, and at 25% and lower die.
Special features: the mouth opening prisasyvatelnogo hagfish lacks drive and surrounded by only two pairs of antennae. Strong horny teeth biting into the skin of the victim, they inject enzymes that dissolve proteins. Catch hagfish often become weakened vertebrates and invertebrates, as well as carrion. Often found skinned skeletons of fish, and inside — myxines vyevshih insides and muscles.
Dimensions: body length up to 80 cm
By the way, in Japan and some other countries hagfish eat.
What kind of animal: insectivorous mammal of the family mole.
Habitat: found only in the South-Eastern Canada and the Northeastern United States.
Special features: zvezdonos looks different from the rest of the family and other small animals only to him peculiar structure of the stigma in a rosette or a star of 22 soft fleshy movable bare beams.
Size: the size is similar to the European zvezdonos mole. The tail is relatively long (about 8 cm), covered with scales and thinning hair
By the way: when zvezdonos searches for food, fleshy rays on the stigma are in constant motion, except for two sredneverhnih aimed forward and do not bend. When he eats, the rays are drawn together into a compact pile, while eating animal paws holds the food. When zvezdonos drinking, then immersed for 5-6 seconds in the water and the stigma, and all of a mustache.
What kind of animal: species of primates of the subfamily tonkotelyh monkeys in the family martyshkovyh.
Habitat: very common on the island of Borneo, which inhabits coastal areas and valleys.
Special features: The most salient feature is its Nosach big nose, like a cucumber, which, however, there is only the males. Wool Nosach on top of the yellow-brown on the bottom of it is painted white. Hands, feet and tail gray and hairless face is red.
Dimensions: size Nosach reaches from 66 to 75 cm, tail about as long as the body. Weight of males ranges from 16 to 22 kg — twice more than the weight of females.
By the way: Nosach excellent swimmers, jumping into the water right from the trees and are able to overcome the 20 meters diving under water. Of all primates, they are probably the best swimmers.
13. Plaschenosets small.
What kind of animal: mammals of the family edentates.
Habitat: armadillos inhabit steppes, deserts, savannas, and the edge of the forests of Central and South America.
Special features: the only modern mammals, whose body is covered with armor on top formed dermal ossification. Carapace are the head, shoulder and pelvic shields and several obruchevidnyh bands encircling the body of the top and sides. Part of the shell linked elastic connective tissues, makes mobility throughout carapace.
Dimensions: body length of 12.5 (plaschenosnye armadillos) to 100 cm (giant armadillo), a weight of 90 g to 60 kg. Tail length of 2.5 to 50 cm
By the way, the airways have armadillos are bulky and air tank, so that the animals can hold their breath for about 6 minutes. It helps them move through the water (often armadillos just pass them on the bottom.) My lungs air compensates the weight of heavy armor, allowing you to float a battleship.
What kind of animal: the larval form of the amphibian family ambistomovyh.
Habitat: in mountain ponds of Mexico.
Special features: on the sides of the head in the axolotl are long, shaggy branches, three on each side. This gills. Periodically larva presses them to the body, shakes them to clear the organic residues. Axolotl tail long and wide, that it is very good at swimming. Interestingly, the axolotl and breathes with gills and lungs — if the water is poorly oxygenated, the axolotl goes to pulmonary respiration, and eventually his gills partially atrophied.
Dimensions: Overall length — 30 cm
By the way: axolotls are very quiet regular life and not worry about wasted energy. They quietly lying on the bottom, sometimes, wagging its tail, rise to the surface of water "for a breath of air." But this predator attacking the victim of an ambush.
What a beast: the big beast of their nocturnal primates.
Habitat: Eastern and northern Madagascar. Lives in the same ecological niche as woodpeckers.
Special features: a brown color with white speckles and a large bushy tail, eats, like woodpeckers, mostly worms and larvae, although initially thought — because of the teeth, they eat, as rodents.
Dimensions: weight — about 2, 5 lbs. Length — 30-37 cm without tail and 44-53 cm tail.
By the way, one of the world's rarest animals — a few tens of individuals, and therefore discovered recently.
What kind of animal: animal of the camel.
Habitat: Peru, Bolivia, Chile, at an altitude of 3500-5000 meters.
Special features: valued primarily for their wool (24 natural shade), which has all the properties of the sheep, but the weight much easier. With one individual sheared to 5 kg of wool, shear them once a year. The lack of front teeth forcing alpacas recruit lips and chew food with the side teeth. Very good-natured, intelligent, inquisitive animal.
Dimensions: height alpaca — 61-86 cm, weight — 45-77 kg.
By the way, the Indians believed to be blessed alpaca wool, it was necessary to kill her, tearing the heart out of his chest. Now it is considered barbaric, but cases where several men holding alpaca, and someone cut the heart out of her chest, still occur.
What kind of animal: a mammal of the genus of primate.
Habitat: tarsiers live in South-East Asia, particularly in the islands.
Special features: the Dolgopyatov especially allocate long hind legs, a large head that can rotate almost 360 °, and a good ear. Extremely long fingers, ears and round naked. Soft coat is brown or gray. However, the most noticeable feature is the large eye diameter of 16 mm. In the projection of the human growth tarsiers match the size of an apple.
Dimensions: tarsiers are small animals, their growth is from 9 to 16 cm In addition they have a naked tail length of 13 to 28 cm Weight varies from 80 to 160 grams.
By the way: last tarsiers played a big role in the mythology and superstitions of the peoples of Indonesia. Indonesians thought Dolgopyatov heads are not attached to the body (as can rotate almost 360 °), and they were afraid to face them, as believed that the people in this case may befall the same fate.
18. Dumbo Octopus.
What kind of animal: small and unique deep-sea octopuses, representative of cephalopods.
Habitat: Found in the Tasman Sea.
Special features: his nickname was, apparently, after the famous cartoon character — Dumbo the elephant, who was mocked for his big ears (in the middle of the body in a pair of octopus rather long, paddle-shaped fin-like ears). His individual tentacles literally to the ends connected by a thin elastic membrane, called the umbrella. She, along with fins and is the main driver of this animal, that is, moves like an octopus jellyfish, pushing water from the bell umbrella.
Dimensions: octopus found — half the size of a human hand.
By the way: on the variety, habits and behavior of the octopus genus known to date a little. Take a look at YouTube.
19. Plaschenosnaya lizard.
What kind of animal: lizard of the family agamovyh.
Habitat: North-West Australia and South New Guinea. There she lives in dry forests and forest-steppes.
Special features: color from yellow-brown to black-brown. Is distinguished by its long tail, a two-thirds the length of the body plaschenosnoy lizard. However, the most notable feature — a large vorotnikoobraznaya skinfold located around the head and close to the body. Fold contains numerous blood vessels. Plaschenosnaya lizard has strong legs and sharp claws.
Dimensions: length plaschenosnoy lizards from 80 to 100 cm, females significantly less than males.
By the way: the dangers opens its mouth, bulging her brightly colored collar (up to 30 cm can defend from the body), is on his hind legs, makes hissing sounds and beats its tail on the ground — why it seems worse and more dangerous than it is.
What kind of animal: unicorn, mammal family edinorogovyh.
Habitat: narwhal lives in the high latitudes — in the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic.
Special features: size and shape of the body, the pectoral fins and dark colored suckers narwhals like beluga whales, but the adults are different spot — grayish-brown spots on a light background, which sometimes merge — and the presence of only two upper teeth. Left of them occurs in males tusk up to 3.2 meters high and weighing up to 10 kg, twisted spiral left and right do not usually erupts. The right tusk in males and females both tusks hidden in the gums and is rare, about one out of 500.
Dimensions: length body of the adult narwhal 3.5-4.5 m, about 1.5 m newborn weight of males is 1.5 tons, of which about one-third the weight of fat, females weigh about 900 kg.
By the way, why narwhal tusk — not exactly clear, but not to break through the crust of ice. This tusk — a sensitive organ and, presumably, narwhals can feel the change in pressure, temperature and relative concentration of suspended particles in the water. Crossing tusks, narwhal, apparently, clean them of their tumors.
21. Madagascar prisoskonog.
What kind of animal: bats mammal.
Habitat: found only in Madagascar.
Special features: on the base of the thumb of the wings and on the soles of the hind limbs in prisoskonoga are complex rosette suckers, which are located directly on the skin (as opposed to the suckers at prisoskonogih bats).
Sizes: small animal body length 5.7 cm, 4.8 cm tail and weighs 10.8 g
By the way: the biology and ecology of prisoskonoga virtually unexplored. Rather, as shelters uses folded leathery palm leaves, which cleaves its suckers. All prisoskonogi were caught near the water. Listed in the Red Book of the status of "vulnerable".
22. Pygmy marmoset.
What a beast, one of the smallest primates, refers to New World monkeys.
Habitat: South America, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador.
Special features: tamarins nostrils directed forward, and his nose was big and wide.
Sizes: adult weight not exceeding 120 g
By the way: nice living in captivity. If the content requires a constant temperature of 25-29 degrees. Somewhat higher humidity of 60%.
23. Fish drop.
What kind of animal: fish, scientific name Psychrolutes marcidus.
Habitat: inhabits the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean, is found in deep water (about 2800 m) the coasts of Australia and Tasmania.
Special features: fish-drops found at depths where the pressure is several dozens of times higher than at sea level, and to survive, the body of the fish-drop consists of gelatinous mass with a density slightly less than water, which allows the fish to float above the sea bottom without wasting energy on swimming.
Dimensions: maximum length of the body is about 65 cm
By the way: lack of muscle is not a disadvantage, as the fish-powered drop prey that floats around her.
What kind of animal: Waterfowl mammal monotremes.
Special features: The most curious of its quality — that is what it has instead of the usual mouth duck bill allowing him to eat in the mud, like a bird. "
Dimensions: length of body platypus 30-40 cm tail — 10-15 cm, weighs 2 kg. Males are about a third larger than females.
By the way: the platypus — one of the few venomous mammals, for humans, it is generally not fatal, but causes extreme pain, and at the injection site edema, which gradually spreads to the entire limb, pain can last for days or even months.
25. Kitoglav or royal heron.
What kind of animal: wading bird squad.
Special features: neck kitoglava is not very long and thick. The head is large, with a small and you may say, sloppy crest on the back. Massive beak and a very broad, somewhat swollen. At the end of the upper mandible has a hanging hook. Plumage kitoglava generally dark gray, and on the back there is the powder down, but on the chest of this down there. The legs are long, black. Tongue kitoglava short, no gizzard and glandular very large.
Dimensions: kitoglav — a large bird in the standing position has growth 75 — 90 cm, wing length 65-69 cm
By the way: this is often sluggish bird motionless, holding his big beak on the chest. Food kitoglavu are various aquatic animals — fish, krokodilyata, frogs and small turtles.