Tsitsianov — a leading figure in the history of the Caucasus

Tsitsianov - a key figure in the history of the CaucasusExcellent warlord qualitative and diplomat Paul D. Tsitsianov was born in a noble family with deep Georgian roots. Tsitsianov moved to Russia for a long time before the emergence of Pavel Dmitrievich, and representatives of the Russian managed to absorb the culture and tradition. Dmitri Pavlovich had offered great hope to the offspring and tied his future to the service to the state. Service to the Fatherland men all lived in this glorious and generous family. From early years, his father paid great attention to the education and upbringing of the boy, he hired the best tutors that the child was able to master several languages.

An ardent temper boys hunt down during the years of stay in the family home. Pavel Dmitrievich spent hours at the novels and successfully translated the works of excellent writers and eminent thinkers. Of particular interest to the guy showed the art of war. One of his works was the translation of the works of Frederick the majestic leader, which once again has approved his intention to devote himself to the military exploits. European education Tsitsianov get right to the passage of military service. In these times has been the practice to record babies generous origin in the ranks of the military from infancy so that growing up, they had already comparable to the highest rank.

By 17 years in Paul D. was already an ensign in 30 he was given command of a regiment of grenadiers. In the years of his youth Tsitsianov participated in military battles with the Turks, but scored noticeably a couple of times. But Paul D. characterized by the fact that he was a diligent student, and during this period of time was able to comprehend the military practice and learn tactical tricks. Willed nature led him on the path of self-education and self-improvement. Did not pass without a trace for a budding commander of service under the wing of the brightest and professional commanders as Saltykov, Rumyantsev, Potemkin. Diligence and opportunities Tsitsianov himself noted Suvorov. Determination and will to win have made Paul Dmitrievich famous, having appeared in hostilities against the Poles back in 1794. Acts of the regiment under his control had invaluable support Russian military forces and a certain degree of success provided by the oppression of the Polish uprising. The majestic Catherine favored the young commander and another affectionately called him "my general".

Pavel Dmitrievich contemporaries outline the very flattering and sympathetic. According to them, the man was very proud and strong-willed. He was a typical temper and stubbornness, but explained it tight confidence in their own abilities and talents. His most loved and were good friends with him. As the number of close companions went notorious Rostopchin. Tsitsianov was honest and fair and very sharp word, because of what had a lot of problems. The downside of this professional leader was his intolerance of other people's opinion, resentment on the counter barbs sometimes overconfidence.

Pavel Dmitrievich entered the history of the Russian empire through his own role in the Caucasian War. In just three years, this formidable but fair man was able to calm the rebellious Georgia and broaden ownership of the empire. Military presence in the Georgian countryside was not locking. A small Christian country was surrounded by brutal Islamic nations. In addition, its obvious claim to the area evinced its mighty Persia. Royal family, torn apart by internal contradictions, voluntarily sought the protection of the Russian bayonets.

Tsitsianov was appointed commander of Georgia in the fall 1802 instead of the puppet ruler deposed Paul Knorring. Cases in Georgia by the time the situation was very bad, because of the effect in this region more insistently claimed by the Port. Tensions between the cases were Russian military and the local population, aggressive attacks solved and the adjacent nations. Accommodation for Sisianov by monarchs resulted in giving him complete freedom of activity within the plan of conquering territories. Being at once governor of Astrakhan, Paul D. is available military Caspian fleet. But the forces are concentrated in this troubled region represented only a small part of the troops of the empire, while on the reinforcement in the event of a conflict Sisianov count was not necessary. Most of the army was concentrated in Europe and the border areas in connection with the events unfolded there. Withdrawal of Russian military forces could make a real danger to the country from France and other countries. At the same time, Pavel Dmitrievich not once had to deal with a superior Persian army, the coming of which he was able to beat.

On arrival at the place Tsitsianov with his usual tenacity got down to business. At the most experienced at that time was the leader of the order of Alexander 1 does not engage in open confrontation with a strong competitor to the Porte, and to solve the sample in ways that could not give a reason for the management of a powerful competitor disturbances and complaints. Pavel Dmitrievich diplomatic talent rose to the occasion. In just three years in the South Caucasus in the Russian Federation entered Shirvan, Karabakh, and other small and numerous Khanate, haunted Georgia. The borders of the Russian Caucasus increased significantly, with most of the accessions occurred without the introduction of force and human victims. Obmyslennym and proven solution then was Tsitsianov expulsion of members of the royal family over the borders of the country, in view of the fact that its members constantly intrigued and built komploty by fermenting already warlike people. Removing monarchs allowed to exclude the impact of negative factors that contributed to the previously internal inconstancy of Georgia.

But the management of their territory by the Tsitsianov not been indecisive and just peace. He radically changed the politics of gifts and "buy" the local sultans and khans leaning previously only exhortations to citizenship and flattery. Strong and confident hand of Paul D. led aggressive Caucasian warlords into submission. Any statements from both the rulers and ordinary people were punished without delay and very cruelly. Professional military chief showed the power of Russian Empire, curbed the Restless Lezghins in Jar Belokani area, also taken by storm Ganji, renaming it Elisavetpol. Tsitsianov surprisingly chose the correct method of management, combining a dual behavior. On the one hand it was a courtier lord, communicate closely with senior bureaucrats and generous family names, including Rastopchina and the imperial court, and the other way acted imperative Eastern dictator and conqueror. Such behavior is conditional on part-minded and Georgian governor of Astrakhan ancestral roots, was partly the direction of military strategy.

Generation military commander decided the punitive expedition to the area of aggressive people in the course of which the peaceful inhabitants of the village were burned to the ground. Often died in the fire ladies and kids, dying livestock, crops burnt out, condemning people to starve to death. But such barbaric methods were needed in this nepokorlivom Caucasus region, and the one who was careless enough to fight for the European rules, was considered a weak and there is not dostoyat competitor. The very holding of such bloody actions repugnant Tsitsianov obviously reflected in his letters and reports the monarch, yet he knew that they were inevitable an
d even temporary usefulness in combating nepokorlivymi. By the way, Pavel Dmitrievich adored fighters because his golden rule of Suvorov was a statement that people should save and engage only in case of failure of peaceful resolution of conflicts emerged. The population of Tbilisi fueled homage to the fair captain, to encourage the development of cities and the establishment of the health, education and other things.

Tsitsianov - a key figure in the history of the Caucasus

Janowski K. 156th Infantry Yelisavetpol General Prince Tsitsianov regiment during the Turkish War of 1877-1878. Tiflis, 1897

Tsitsianov was not only the commander in chief, and a strong economic manager. During the period of his administration in Tbilisi and its districts were repaired roads, put in order the urban economy. At the initiative of Paul Dmitrievich disclosed School, developed agriculture, public service facilities were built, allowing the cardinally change the attitudes of the indigenous population. The Russian did not look over the invaders, they are, after all, become intercessors. Leadership properties have allowed to establish an indisputable authority of the commander in chief in Georgia and conquered the khanates.

Not so smooth and quiet, everything was to the adjacent mountain people. Methods hanging by the feet of spiritual favorites and burning villages only incited hatred, though given a temporary deterrent effect. An example of the method of keeping the people in the leadership of a merciless execution with the rebels Ossetians. Despite the compassion for the people, and has been exposed to outrages izymatelstvam from Russian control Tsitsianov gave the order to destroy all opposed the authority of the emperor, which was made as soon as possible.

Health Tsitsianov been seriously undermined, he distinctly beheld insolvency plan transient integration of the area of the Russian Federation. The first attempt was to withdraw his resignation at the time of military triumph in the town of Ganja, in which the governor refused. Some historians have attributed this behavior to the leader of the proud not meet the expectations of the Order of St. ZHoru for the capture of a massive building, but others are of the view that Tsitsianov wanted to leave at the peak of success of its own for fear of subsequent failures. It is seen that in favor of the first view they say about the individual responses of contemporaries military chief, has always contrasted with confidence and belief in yourself. As an argument for the second letter given to the arguments about the usefulness of low-power pressure on the Highlanders and nepokorlivyh ineradicability unrest and resistance.

After the conquest of the Khanate of Shirvan to become Tsitsianov Baku. Go through the mountains was a real test for the leader, because his health was seriously undermined. Paul D. adequately cope with the privations and hardships of the way. All the same, going up to the fortress, it has not changed its strategy and sent a convincing secondary requirement for voluntary surrender of the fortress and complete submission Khanate Russian Empire. Pavel Dmitrievich intuition always gave him the help he supposedly felt the mood of the enemy. Consent Goossen Kuli Khan nor not much astonished leader, because the glory of the power and ability to Russian troops have enveloped all nepokorlivye and adjacent areas. Khans and sultans give up without a fight, only some dare to confront the art of war Tsitsianov.

February 8, 1806 at the appointed hour Paul D. with a small escort went to the city for a celebratory hand over the keys, symbolizing the agreement enter into the Khanate of. But the most unexpected moment Tsitsianov was shot 1st of Baku. Vile and disgusting crime, violated all the laws of war in both Europe and Asia, has caused outrage indescribable Russian troops. In 1806, Baku was taken by General Bulgakov, and the body of a proud and glorious leader, a devoted son of the fatherland was buried with honor in the Armenian church in a catastrophic famous town. Later, the remains Tsitsianov carefully removed and reburied in Tbilisi, erecting a monument to this majestic man. Also was defeated Tsitsianovsky square in the town of his untimely death. It is sad that in Russia forgotten this amazing man.

The endless memories of Paul Dmitrievich should be kept in the treasury of Russian history as an invaluable example of courage, self-sacrifice and devotion of grateful descendants.

Like this post? Please share to your friends: