As long as the discussions of some difficulties involved only the politicians, there is hope for a peaceful ending. But when the word take the military, all hope is beginning to melt quickly. Something similar at the moment there is Iran. After the economic and political sanctions against the country are increasingly made statements by representatives of the armed forces of various countries. Poor prospects in Iran and the region as a whole.
One of the last commander of the Fifth Fleet, expressed U.S. Vice-Admiral M. Fox. He believes the Iranian naval forces constantly improved in terms of quantity and high quality. And most recently, Iran can achieve such development, in which the threat to close the Strait of Hormuz will not be just words. But through this strait carried 40% of the world's oil. Naturally, the U.S. has a fairly powerful military fleet, so no special problems confront the Iranian Navy, and it is not all clear. Fox says that the Iranian naval command in the heavy atmosphere can go for the latest action. The fact that the Iranian Navy has some number small submarines types Al-Sabehat 15 and Al-Ghadir. Initially, these boats are designed for covert transfer of small raiding parties. However, according to the South American analysts, the construction of "Al-Sabehat-15" or "Al-Khadir" enables you to install them sufficiently powerful explosive charge. So Makar, these boats can do and sabotage operations smertnicheskogo character.
Until such time as the Islamic republic does not need submariners bombers, attacked her country also runs the risk of incurring losses. Fox points to the fact that Iran has accumulated an unlimited number of warehouses sea mines. Naturally, this is not a universal or absolute weapon, but even at the moment mines, including older models, can be a lot of problems though what the navy, not to mention shopping. In addition, quantitative nuance naval base in Iran's missile launches, which in and of itself does not simplify the war with the Navy. Is noteworthy that in recent years Iran particularly his emphasis on the development of this part of its naval forces. This strategy is correct or not — is able to show only practice. Yet, even if Tehran has chosen the wrong path, it looks very bold step. A few more 10-s years ago, the leading naval powers did not develop so rapidly called the "mosquito fleet". With all the advantages of compounds of small ships armed with anti-ship missiles, they were less effective than other methods of waging war at sea. Namely, the "mosquito" connections virtually no risk to aircraft carrier battle groups. It is unlikely that Iran's military leaders will pretend that they did not know about it. Knew very well, but I still decided to develop this area. Praise courage. The main thing is that she ended up not proved fatal. However, only half the 10-ka-type missile boats Kaman, 10 boats of Houdong (made in China) and three small guard-type Parvin might not make the weather even within the boundaries of the Strait of Hormuz. But do not underestimate the missile boats, specifically because they are in the middle of the 80's for three years, "tanker war" killed most of the goals.
The other direction is not particularly popular in the world and developed by Iran — small and midget submarines. At the time, technology is not allowed to make a similar technique with the least tolerable features, and later about this class is generally forgotten. All the same, and about Tehran's own outlook, good of the world. Because in recent years has been built a certain number of boats already mentioned projects Al-Sabehat 15 and Al-Ghadir. In late 2009, U.S. Navy intelligence has published data about the contract between Iran and North Korea, implying a supply of semi-submersible submarine projects Taedong-B and Taedong-C. The specific number of Korean boats, as well as their own vehicles produced in Iran, the Yankees failed to find out. Iran also prefer not to spread, but unofficial sources estimate the total number of submarines of all four types of a few 10 s.
As we see, at the Iranian admiral their attention on the development of its own fleet. And the "traditional" stuff in it is — the rest of the Iranian Navy in appearance totally like the fleets of other countries, including the leaders. With the difference that in quantitative terms, Iran is far behind, for example, from the Russian Federation or the United States. Namely, the submarine force of the Islamic republic except small submarines in its composition has only three multi-purpose diesel-electric submarines. This Tareg, Noor and Yunes, included in the system to the mid-90s. All three boats were made in the Soviet Union / Russian Federation, and belong to the project 877EKM "Halibut". Regardless of the age of twenty-two-hoo most senior Iranian diesel-electric submarines, they are so far konkurentnst can make a considerable number of such zabugornyh submarines. In 2011, the tests are completed the parent submarine project Fateh his Iranian development.
Are in the Iranian Navy and large surface ships. This type of frigate Alvand and Modge (at least the sum of the 10-ka), three corvettes projects Hamzeh and Bayandor. In addition, in the first half of this year is scheduled to be commissioned second class destroyer Jamaran. Iran also has a certain amount of landing ships, minesweepers, tankers, supply ships, etc.
Naturally, the Navy Iran can not be called world leaders, and quite unable to resist the call of the sea and the enemy is not worth it. This is a conventional military fleet medium-sized country with a relatively bolshennymi maritime borders. A huge, if not dominant, number light vehicles — missile boats, etc. — At first glance may not seem quite right by picking the fleet. But over the past decade, Iran has managed to participate in several armed conflicts, including the sea. Accordingly, the command of his navy could not only get the necessary lessons, and to make them the basis of the concept of development of the fleet. And you can not say that the chosen emphasis on small boats and ships — the wrong decision. The main enemy of Iran, before and at the moment, is the United States of America. This country is, of course, is the world leader in quality and quantity of warships. It would be stupid to believe that Iran will be able to compete with her in the sea combat
. Because as the main striking force and missile boats were elected — a cheap, fast, maneuverable and possessing sufficient combat capability. Larger ships are easier to find, and for the South American fleet also easier to kill. What did sailors for bombers, the general morale of the Iranian armed forces, and even more of the Revolutionary Guards, suggests that in the heavy atmosphere on the enemy ships are heading not only the submarine with an explosive charge, and 10 — ki light boats and motor boats with the likes of "surprises."
Yet, Tehran threatened not to kill the enemy ships, and cut off the Strait of Hormuz. Naturally, in this case may require, and suicide bombers, but the missile boats and mining handle this matter, at least not worse. If the enemy will allow the passage of oil tankers through the minefields, Iran, in response to this can start a real hunt for tankers in the Persian Gulf borders. Will a possible enemy Iran to protect all oil tankers coming from the region so unsafe?