Dutch scientists have completed a four-year project to produce in the laboratory of artificial meat. At universities in Eindhoven and Maastricht successfully grown in vitro pork. The next step — an experiment on growing meat birds — turkeys and chickens.
It is assumed that in the future production of artificial meat will help to resolve the issue threats of hunger in the world. In addition, the new chip-synthesized product, the researchers say, more healthy and wholesome natural.
Technologically, the production of artificial meat is as follows: from the muscle pig with a syringe taken myshtsastvaralnyya cells (miyablyasty) are able to reproduce very active in a particular environment. Miyablyasty rezevuary placed in the animal's blood with the solution. Muscle mass increases, the result is what is called artificial meat.
The scientists say that in its final form new product bears little resemblance to steaks. In its kansystentsyi, he is more like a meat paste. Volunteers who have tried it prepared dishes like sausages and meatballs, never for a moment doubted that this is done genuine pork.
Sausages made of artificial meat — after five years
Netherlands mikrabielyag Bernard Rollin suggests that he and his colleagues plan to continue improving the quality of artificial meat. According to forecasts, the first products of the synthetic product will be hot dogs, which will appear in the trade in five years
The new project is supported by the Dutch government and sasisachny giant "Tegeman." The idea of growing artificial meat once approved, animal rights and vegetarians. Dutch ecologists even promised to contribute to the work of university laboratories in the amount of about one million dollars.
Today, in the Netherlands, a society with a high level of environmental consciousness,
many realize that humanity for their own survival must rethink old approaches to the environment, as well as to the development of this branch of agriculture as livestock. According to the published early this week materials of the Royal Society, in 2050 the world population will grow to 9 billion people. In the face of hunger will be hundreds of millions. Set the increase of production of agricultural products, especially meat, completely unrealistic, as free, suitable for agriculture lands have very little.
Artificial meat — healthier
Complicates the problem is that livestock farming is not an example of optimal use of production. They leave a lot of waste, for example, is not suitable for eating skeleton, connective tissues. Also, according to the latest UN estimates that livestock are "responsible" for about 18% of methane emissions to the atmosphere. And this gas increases the greenhouse effect is much more than a "pest" ecology "as carbon dioxide.
Thus the establishment of the next 40 years, the production of synthetic meat in special tank becomes an issue. Dutch mikrabielyagi see in this step, a number of various benefits for human health.
According to their explanation, through the consumption of meat prabirkavaga significantly decrease the chance of infection with E. coli. Also, a new synthetic product significantly lower levels of fatty acids which lead to the creation of cholesterol plaques, not to mention the presence of antibiotics, hormones.
Of course, at the moment artificial meat significantly more expensive than natural.
But, according to Dr. Bernard Rollin, the gradual optimization of the production process of synthetic product, hiring cheaper labor, will lead to the fact that the cost of artificial meat will eventually be below the cost of conventional meat. Dutch scientist, however, are more concerned about other aspects associated with the future substitutes favorite of many of the protein product. It is about the ethical consumer response. It is, at least initially, may be very different. "So now some people are saying that they will never have this product, while others argue that it is a brilliant alternative", said Dr. Rolin.
The problem of odor and taste
For many consumers in this very important matter of taste is a new product, it smells. Over which technology should be used to simulate these qualities, scientists still have to work hard.
"In any case, claims colleague Rolen Cor van de Vele, the consumer will always have a choice. But the most important thing that we need to adhere to the creator of a new product is the transparency of the production process. This will depend on the success of lab meat."
Dutch biologists believe that most modern people might, but do not want to go without meat. This is the culinary habit that dates back to prehistoric times, when the meat of the animal to man was the only source of protein and all the necessary mikraelementav. Historically, the use of meat was only 5% of all products in human nutrition. Today that proportion has grown so much that it became harm health. While for many of meat in the diet is not just food, but also a sign of belonging to the middle class, a certain status that is synonymous with economic success and prosperity. Moreover, it is not only developed countries but also of the countries of Eastern Europe as well as China, India, South Africa …