February 3, 2013 20:15
A study conducted jointly by scientists from China, Ecuador, Fiji, found that young children, ranging from about one and a half years in the state's parents thought. They do this through empathy. Previously it was thought that this ability appears only at the age of four to seven years. The researchers say their discovery could shed light on the knowledge of the social skills that distinguish man from chimps. The experiments were conducted on the basis of tests of "false belief."
In the classic version of the test person walks into a room and put an object like a pair of scissors, a hiding place. Second researcher then goes and puts scissors in his pocket. When the first returns, the researcher asks the child, "What do you think, which will look for scissors? '. The study included children aged 1.5 to 5 years. Videos show that children at the time of issue, where people will be looking for scissors looked at hiding, thus showing that a person will look for scissors where he had left them.
It is this understanding that the first person believes and knows that said the second of the research, helps to ensure that children at such an early age can make complex inferences about how others see the world. The results show that the children being able to read thoughts formed much earlier than previously thought, and that it occurs in the same age children in disparate cultures.