September 13-14 in Trinidad and Tobago (Trinidad and Tobago — an island government in the southern Caribbean Sea, near the coast of Venezuela) has passed the China-Caribbean Forum. Its main outcome was an agreement for China to Caribbean countries about 1 billion. Bucks loans to stimulate economic growth in the region. China expects that these funds will be spent on the development of financial institutions, infrastructure and tourism projects. Another fundamental area that will be developed, — agriculture and fisheries.
At the opening of the 3rd Forum of Trade and Economic Cooperation of the People's Republic and the Caribbean Vice-Premier of the State Council China Wang Qishan said that his country will build and expand economic cooperation with all countries in the Caribbean.
According to Wang Qishan, for 6 years of online cooperation has very good pace, so that the yearly growth of trade between these countries was on average 24% and in 2010 headed for the level of 7.2 billion. bucks.
At the same time China has already invested in the economies of the Caribbean region 400 million dollars. And that's not counting the money that the band went on grant aid for the construction of various infrastructure (communications facilities, hospitals, service was created early warning of natural disasters, including earthquakes and tsunamis). Funds were also made available for training, the Caribbean, for the above mentioned facilities. More recently, in China from countries in the Caribbean to increase prof training will be sent to more than 2.5 million people. Beijing makes a donation to the Foundation of the Caribbean community (English Caribbean Community, CARICOM).
Help. Caribbean community (CARICOM) — Is trade and economic alliance of Latin America. It consists of small island countries such as Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, Grenada, Dominica, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Montserrat (transatlantic area of England), the Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis, Anguilla (a self-governing territory of England across the ocean), as Belize, Guyana (formerly British Guiana), the Republic of Suriname. There are associate members — Virgin Islands, Turks and Caicos, 12 Latin American countries are observers (most active — Venezuela, Mexico, Colombia). Bodies of Caribbean society: the conference of Heads of State (the highest governing body), the Council of Ministers and the Secretariat General (executive agencies), there is also a constant committees and special working groups. CARICOM headquarters is located in the town of Georgetown (Guyana). Company created in 1973.
And all this, as a senior Chinese bureaucrat, is the result of over 30 years of reform in China. These reforms have not only had a positive impact on the development of China itself, and "give a chance for the Caribbean region and the world." Wang Qishan promised to strengthen cooperation between China and Caribbean States will lead to economic growth, improve living standards in the region, the development of the integration process and enhance the impact of the Caribbean region on the world stage.
The Chinese are very careful in their own finansovlozheniyah because with the Caribbean countries signed a special agreement which concerns the protection of investments.
A special point in the development of economic cooperation between the PRC of the Caribbean — is the creation of a suitable environment for the interaction between the companies. Beijing is playing a huge role in the development of communications of the region. So, thanks to China the Caribbean societies have modern ferry. In addition, the Chinese conduct and other forums aimed at development trade and economic relations.
A kind of springboard for the economic expansion of China in the region to Peninsula Liberty. With Cuba Beijing has established business in September 1960, almost immediately after the victory of the Cuban Revolution. The Chinese have supported the Cuban revolution, because at that time opposed to the United States. Well, Cuba, in turn, became the first country in Latin America, which formally recognized the PRC. After the collapse of the Russian Union of specifically Chinese "comrades" in almost all assist the regime of Fidel Castro, the Cuban economy by helping aimed at the socialist system. At the current time, China accounts for a quarter of Cuba's exports (sugar, nickel, tobacco, coffee).
But at the current time, China is not only limited ties with Havana. Thus, according to the IMF from 1990 to 2008, China's trade with the region has grown from 20 million to 2 billion. American dollars. First place in the list of the main trade partners of China is government Antigua and Barbuda (it accounted for up to 600 million dollars turnover), Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Bahamas and Dominica.
China is the main exports of natural resources in the region. But, on the other hand, China's rapidly developing infrastructure of the Caribbean countries. For example, in 2001 the Chinese company Hutchison Whampoa Limited (she took a concession ports on the Pacific and Caribbean coast of Panama Canal) has invested in the construction of the port in the Bahamas, its price is 2.6 billion. bucks.
Prerequisites for economic cooperation
Protection of China profitable Caribbean, most of them — this frail from an economic point of view of the country, the infrastructure is very vulnerable to permanent natural disasters. Because no matter what China's assistance for their very principled — go investment, infrastructure development states, increasing its resistance to the shocks of nature. Most of these countries are classified as "he who pays the lady and dances." China "Buys" their appreciation of Grenada in 2003 claimed about the stability of relations with Taiwan, as a pledge of prosperity 2-countries, but in 2005, the Grenada government broke the case with Taipei in favor of mainland China. Beijing to compensate for the already initiated projects with Taiwan paid 6 million bucks, has committed to prepare a cricket stadium to the international championship, to build two thousand houses, hospital, assist in the development of agriculture. Dominica in 2004, as received from the Chinese loan of 112 million dollars for 6 years, immediately recognized only one China.
China gets in obtaining new sources of natural resources, especially the Chinese are interested in oil and gas sector. For example, in Trinidad and Tobago company developing oil refining, which are important in the light of frisky cooperation with Venezuela. Previously, this area is almost completely controlled by the U.S., now they are replacing the Chinese.
In addition, China takes into account the strategic importance of the region and gets to the Panama Canal, having tremendous value for the Western Hemisphere. China is coming true in the economic sphere, ousting the Yankees in their former fiefdom. And in Beijing is not going to be limited to the economy, and plan to develop military-technical cooperation. In November 2008, China went snow-white book, which dealt with the Chinese long-term strategy for Latin America and the Caribbean region. It openly said that Beijing plans to develop with the region's military-technical cooperation, almost underbelly of the United States. With a view to China's national security.
China has a significant advantage in the development of relations with the countries of the region to the United States and the European Union. He does not put a condition of their own investments take political responsibility, the development of "democracy."