Found in Denisova Cave in the Altai fossils belong to a previously unknown branch of human development, reported AP.
Scientists at the University of California at Santa Cruz, conducted a thorough investigation turned into a fossil finger bone a little girl, who died about 30 thousand years ago. According to experts, this girl was neither modern humans or Neanderthals.
It belongs to the same type and found in Denisova Cave molar, similar in structure to the teeth "Homo erectus" or Homo erectus. It is known that the Asian view of this branch of human development could interbreed with the "Homo sapiens" — Homo sapiens — and to be the ancestor of modern humans in mixed lines.
"Instead of a clear history of migration out of Africa of modern man, take the place of Neanderthals, we are now faced with the historical intertwining lines, in which there is more players and more interactions between them than we knew before," — said one of the members of the research team, Richard Greene .
This conclusion is largely confirms earlier suggestions of Professor Svante Paabo of the Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig Max Planck that petrified phalanx, found in Denisova Cave in 2008, belonged to the hominid, named "man of the Altai."
Paabo extracted from fossils of the mitochondrial DNA, and found that it differs from the DNA of modern humans was 385 nucleotides, while the Neanderthals, it is 202 nucleotides. Therefore, it is a not previously encountered branches in human development, according to ITAR-TASS.