The highest peak of the planet Everest has always represented a danger to people who dared to storm it. But now people have taken over the care of the roof of the world's threatened in the form of global warming. The initiative group consisting of famous travelers and the British Ecological Union "Friends of the Earth", has decided to apply to UNESCO to include Everest and the entire Sagarmatha National Park in the Himalayas in the world list of objects at risk. The authorities of the law should protect World Heritage sites located in their territory.
Environmentalists believe that the enhanced emission of greenhouse gases containing carbon dioxide, contributes to the temperature on Earth. This results in increased melting of glaciers. Its effects can be seen to increase the level of water in mountain lakes. According to the "green" in the Himalayas should expect major flooding.
Due to the melting of glaciers Everest is getting lower and lower. The height of Chomolungma decreased from 8 thousand 849 m 75 cm to 8 thousand 848 meters 45 centimeters. Melting glaciers were recorded in 1966, the last mountain reached the mark by 1999. In the period from 1966 to 1975. peak decreased rapidly — by 10 cm per year. From 1975 to 1992. melting of glaciers has slowed: Everest decreased at a rate of 1 cm per year. However, since 1992, the process was re-grow. In 1998-1999. top of losing an average of 13 cm per year.
"Mount Everest — a powerful symbol of the natural world, not just Nepal," — said the director of the Nepalese branch of the "Friends of the Earth," Prakash Sharma. According to him, if climate change will be reflected on the mountain, it will cause serious consequences.
Defenders of Everest are well aware that their action is largely symbolic, however, intend to follow through. If politicians will be unable to lead the fight against global warming, environmentalists are going to work through the courts.
If UNESCO accepts the offer "green", it may oblige the member states to take appropriate measures to protect the Himalayas. However, this is all in theory. In practice, UNESCO has no mechanisms to force the state to carry out the directive.
In addition to the Himalayan Sagarmatha Park a World Heritage Site is proposed to include the Belize barrier reef and the Huascaran National Park in Peru.