In 1999, in Pristina, our paratroopers led NATO troops to reckon with Moscow. Now it looks like it decided to repeat in Syria
In Sevastopol Bay — all hands on deck. Fuel and other supplies for emergency cargo huge amphibious ships (BDK) "Nicholas Phylchenkov" and "Caesar Kunikov", also on the salvage tug SB-15. Source Military News Agency Staff of the Navy mainly confined brief comment: campaign really is, and the "extraordinary campaign."
Right in the German town of Kiel is going to raise a large anchor landing ship "Kaliningrad" (Baltic Fleet), so just right to be there on an official visit. It is clear that there is on board Marine Corps. Rush "Kaliningrad" to be in the same location and "Filchenkov" and "Kunikova" — in the Syrian port of Tartus.
The fact that this is obviously not an ordinary campaign, shows a huge number of features, which will talk a bit lower. His goals now are wondering in the world. For example, "Nezavisimaya Gazeta" provided that "the participation of the Russian Navy ships and military troops in Syria would be to evacuate Russian people and the protection (and maybe defense) Russian naval base (HMB) in Tartus."
What about defense — hardly. Several hundred Russian marines detachment which can deliver in Tartus, you still will not be able to stop the rebels. In other words, do something that was beyond the power of multi-million Syrian army. But the draw Moscow into a very nasty confrontation on foreign soil — very possible.
Remains — the evacuation. Peaceful Russian people in Syria 10's and 10's of thousands? For their removal no ships will not suffice. In addition, no one bothers to citizens, and if they can smell danger while out of there and ordinary scheduled services.
Then last assumption — the evacuation of military personnel and equipment from Tartus. And precisely — Fri Russian maneuvering our home base of the Navy, from the beginning of the 70s of the last century, deployed in this town.
But the question first: why it decided to conduct a mode scalded cat? The only reasonable explanation of Moscow, on the basis of any sheltered from the public intelligence, suddenly lost faith in the ability of the regime of Bashar al-Assad to retain power. At least, in that part of the country that hosts Tartous. Because between him and Damascus has long been shrouded in riot town of Homs and Nahal. And this rebellion, despite the best efforts of the Syrian army, only flaring up.
The fact that the fate of Tartus suddenly hangs in the balance, says the rush to what is preparing evacuation. Very significant detail: large landing ship "Caesar Kunikov" only on June 16, returned to Sevastopol from the edge of the Mediterranean, in which he has to move off again so quickly. He walked to the Italian peninsula Sicily, where he took part in activities to perpetuate the memory of Russian sailors rescued the inhabitants of Messina suffered as a result of the earthquake in 1908. Nothing hurt on the way home to look at Tartus and pick out anything and anyone. This was not made. It turns out, the situation changed, when Syria was already astern "Kunikova Caesar."
Anyone who served in the Navy knows that usually ships returning from military service, are put in poslepohodovy repair, and at least some of the crew rest be granted. Naturally, the "Caesar Kunikov" out at the pier half a year, as was customary in Russian years, and in the condition probably is not something that there were common in those days. Still, the Mariners told about the repair and rest again and forgot to take a course in the Mediterranean Sea.
Another detail: where the German Kiel and where Syrian Tartus? Why, in addition to the Black squad to distant seas decided to drive even large landing ship "Kaliningrad" from the Baltic Sea? So, all that to be taken out of Tartus, will not fit in the tween decks 2-BDK with a capacity for reinforced company of Marines with the standard armor? Need a third? And third, ready to march on the Black Sea Fleet is simply no?
Well, then, would "Phylchenkov" with "Kunikova" not one, but two transitions of Tartus in Sevastopol. All the same, it's a lot closer than the "Kaliningrad" traipse around Europe and later — vorachivatsya ago. But if everyone did so decided, means time for two transitions of Tartus-Sevastopol may just not be there.
After all, the most important thing. What after all is we're going to take out of Syria? Here it makes sense to look closely to what that point is maneuverable naval base. It's a tiny piece of the Syrian coast, the total area of 2.3 acres, fenced Stitching wire. The main value — a pair of floating piers PM-61M, which are moored ships who have come there for crew rest and repair. In the 1st actually is constantly floating workshop's Black Sea Fleet, who repair and implemented. So it has nothing to evacuate: how come its course from Sevastopol, so go and leave.
What else? Two stores, the diesel shop, barracks, capable to take the crew of the submarine, if so then repaired. But this does not happen for two 10-ka years. Oh, and on the little things — dining room, carport, outbuildings. Serves are not good farming smallest division of seamen numbering about 50 people.
And in order to take it all with a 2-fleets decided to drive three large amphibious ship with tug boat? Does not add up.
That situation has become clearer, it is necessary to read the Western press. According to the views of the Spanish newspaper Il Sole 24 Ore, in fact now in Tartus on the ground leased Russian GVM of more than 600 Russian military. What are they doing there? On this and the Ministry of Defense and the General Staff of the Navy asking worthless — military lurking. But given the geography of the town and the events taking place around him by our General Staff would be the height waste not previously placed on this pair of hectares station technical intelligence and intercept. Lebanon, Israel and Turkey — all at hand. Including 6th fleet United States and its allies in the Mediterranean.
And what about the conduct of Russian technical intelligence of Tartus reported nothing — so in view of conspiracy even though they may stand in the garage, at least in the fleet. Suppose, under the protection of our special forces. And on the other there is a crowd in uniform doing?
Of course, getting such a technique, and such experts in the hands of the Syrian rebels — a clique later be hell to pay. So we have to raise extra pair in Sevastopol and in the Baltic.
Are these guesses the right to life? This is a "joint venture" discussed with the Deputy Director of the Institute of Political and Military Analysis, Alexander Khramchikhin.
"SP": — Alexander, you have at least some explanation of the haste in which our ships preparing to march to Syria? What is this? Evacuation?
— About evacuation — not sure. What is there to evacuate? Conventional naval base in Tartus, we have not done so, although they could be.
"SP": — In the Western press reports that our there now is much larger than normal. They say a few hundredths of the military.
— I do not know who they think. Maybe along with the crew floating workshop, which is always there at the dock?
"SP": — With floating workshop will still come out significantly less. What are secretly in T
artus Russian intelligence units do you accept?
— Completely can be. But this is only a hypothesis. Because they are hard to comment on.
"SP": — But if not this, then what causes the rush?
— I think with the purpose ships that send to Syria, really decided to put in Tartus on Fri maneuvering areas to ensure Marines.
"SP": — For what? Three to four companies, also without air cover to be able to decide something?
— Seriously wage war, they can not. But in a state designate Russian military presence in the country.
"SP": — For what?
— Do you remember the year 1999. Then our 300 Marines at one point for NATO made a surprise march in armored vehicles and took the airfield in Pristina (meaning throw consolidated Airborne Battalion, which was part of international peacekeeping forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina (city Ugljevik) to Pristina (Kosovo). Purpose it was taking control of the airport "Slatina" (now the International Airport of Pristina), formerly British KFOR units in the night from 11 to 12 June 1999 — "JV"). There were 300 versus 50 thousand troops of the Western allies. But to make war with us no one. Since then it would mean war with Russia. They sat down to negotiate. Need to sit and negotiate in Syria.
From the file "joint venture."
BDK Project 775 "Caesar Kunikov" and "Kaliningrad" — amphibious ships oceanic zone. First in the Black Sea Fleet — since 1986. The second was a part of the Baltic Fleet in 1984. Designed to carry a reinforced company of marines or 225 marines and 10 tanks. Cargo space 95? 4.5? 4.5 m, weight of the load — up to 480 tons. Troopers located a few officers and crew spaces 4-berth cabins. For the bombardment of coastal defenses and destruction of enemy landing craft Project 775 use multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS), MS-73 "The Storm", able to fire at intervals of 0.5 seconds and a firing range of 21 km. Of artillery weapons BDK — two twin 57-mm gun mounts AK-725 with remote-guided, one mount AK-174, two units AK-630M and one fire control system. Amphibious assault ship equipped with radar detection of air targets MP-302 at a distance of 100 km and 2 navigation MR-212/201 at a distance of 64 km.
BDK "Nikolai Phylchenkov" Project 1171 ("Tapir"), founded in Kaliningrad in the shipyard "Yantar" 30.01.1974, the (serial number 304) was launched on 29.03.1975, came into operation, the 30.12.1975
First you came in the 39th Division amphibious forces of the Black Sea Fleet. When combat service in a war zone of conflict was based in the ports of Angola (March-July 1976, November 1977 — January 1978). In the process section reassigned to the Black Sea Fleet command ship of the 30th Division of surface ships.
Displacement: 4,650 tons
Dimensions: length — 113.1 m, width — 15.6 m, draft — 4.5 m
Maximum travel speed: 16.5 knots
Range: 10,000 miles at 15 knots.
Propulsion: 2 diesels, 2 screws, 9,000 hp
Capacity: up to 1,500 tons of equipment and cargo. It can carry 20 main battle tanks, armored personnel carriers or 45 or 50 trucks or 300 troops.
Armament: 1×2 57-mm gun mount ZIF-31B, 2×2 25 mm anti-aircraft machine-2M-3M, 3×8 PU MANPADS system salvo firing of A-215 "Grad-M".
Crew: 55 people.
Russian cargo ship with combat helicopters and missiles to Syria stopped off the coast of Scotland, writes The Daily Telegraph. The insurance company Standard Club at the request of the British secret service has canceled all insurance companies FEMCO Russian courts. Cargo ship "Alaid» (Alaed), which, presumably, are helicopters to Syria, owned by the company. The British security service said that the provision of insurance to the ship may be in violation of European Union sanctions against the Syrian regime.
According to The Daily Telegraph, on board a Russian vessel are helicopters Mi-25, which it took away from the port of Kaliningrad. This is not a new combat helicopters. They were technical service in Russia. The Syrian authorities have received them from the Russian Union.
The fact that "Alaid" has a British insurance, England notified the United States. Without insurance the vessel is likely to have to return to Russian port.
The picture shows Ukraine. Sevastopol. June 19. Large Landing ship (BDK) "Nicholas Phylchenkov."