February 13, 2013 3:51
Local historian Alexander Shestakov, discoverer geoglyphs "Moose" on the slopes of Zyuratkul believes that the mountains of the Southern Urals in the Late Mesolithic became the cradle of the megalithic culture, whose members then went across Eurasia.
Construction geoglyphs "Moose" has undoubtedly been a long and laborious. Scientists theorize that it was conducted more than one hundred years old and most likely, somewhere on the shores were placed large settlements since the Mesolithic — Neolithic. Geoglyphs settlement construction …
— Back in the late 1960s on the banks Zyuratkul researched Matyushin archaeologist. Then it was revealed 11 sites — Peer geoglyphs. But of particular interest are two of them — there is on the headlands Stone and Long Spruce. In ancient times, the lake was a penny and the two were united megaposeleniem parking, much of which is hidden under the water.
These parking Matyushin dated the 10th millennium BC But Matyushin engaged microlites, not megaliths, so stone platform Pugachevskaya Wall and many other zyuratkulskie "chips" are simply not interested in it.
— On what platforms and what Pugachev wall in question?
— The village is located Monastyrka wall, built of large stones. Its length — two and a half kilometers, height — four meters. The people call her Pugachev wall or Pugachevsky shaft. One is by the birch bridge, the second — in Monastyrka …
A stone platforms were opened speleoarheologom Yurina, with tips from our local historian Satka Sergey V. Jurowski, at the foot of the ridge Moskal. By the way, this is the biggest stone platform in the world, about half the height, length — 50 meters. Jurin suggests that it is an ancient cemetery, I believe that the way to the Stone Age performed "census." The rite of initiation boys: he was a man — put a pebble …
— Megaliths are found not only on the island of Faith and not only Zyuratkul …
— The example of the ancient stone buildings of the island of Faith archaeologists have shown that there are megaliths in the Urals. Undoubtedly, it was difficult to advance this idea, but now, after the island of Faith, found about two hundred dolmens around Pyshma (Sverdlovsk region), and will more and more find. Between the island and the Faith Zyuratkul direct relationship, they can say, two brothers …
At the threshold, I found a quarry of the Neolithic, exactly the same as on the island of Faith. In addition, photographs of a century ago are working threshold, and behind them — a dolmen, as in the Caucasus. Now there remained space, trench and the side walls. We plan to restore this picture dolmen … geoglyphs "Moose" — a drawing made in a program like 3D: when viewed from the mountain, everything falls into place and the legs and muzzle are of appropriate dimensions.
Seven years ago, when they built a sightseeing trail on the ridge, I found a place where the ancient geoglyphs to oversee the construction. There is a stone on three legs as seids in Karelia. Personally, I believe that seid — an ancient "device" to measure seysmoobstanovki. While standing stones, all right, began to fall — it's time to go … Also surprising and steps cut through the rock at the bottom of the pit Averkina. Where did they come from?
How could people go down to the steep well to a depth of 20 meters? .. The old cemetery Sungulskogo Old Believer monastery I found a strange bottle-shaped pit (flaring). How did he take to the cemetery? Also there were not going to get water? What is this object? The answer is obvious: it is an ancient altar, he opened in Germany.
— Why, in your opinion, migration and development held megalithic culture?
— The conventional wisdom is that the megalithic culture went to the Middle East. Megaliths there, of course, there is, but the evidence that the megalithic culture went from there, no! And there is no settlement in the Middle East since the Mesolithic and Neolithic. Settlement on Zyuratkul — the world's only settlement of this size. There were favorable conditions for living, but the tribes came not only from the Middle East — from different sides of the world.
Newcomers mingled with the indigenous population, formed a new ethnic group, who then began to settle with their knowledge about the construction of megaliths across Eurasia. After all, is it possible that megalithic culture is so well developed in the south of modern Britain, and then went "to reduce the" around the world? No, it can only go "to increase", that is all the English "Stone" — this is the end point of culture.
All that enter the tribes in the migration routes of Eurasia … In only two places with large concentrations of the megaliths — is South Korea, where they found more than 30 000, and the UK. Irish Yugrendzh — the most perfect of megalithic structures, there has resources that absorbed the megalithic culture, including rock painting.
— A few years ago you started collecting in Ecopark "Zyuratkul" collection of stone millstones. Now, I hear you've put forward his theory of their appearance on the Ural land. Seem to be the millstone at all and not a millstone, and they remained there since the late Mesolithic. Tell me more about that.
— In ancient Israel, stones like millstones, closes the entrance to the cave. In Japan, the middle of the pond is a gazebo. To get to it, you have to pass on the grind. Gazebo used for the signing of important documents (to be that if a man came in bad faith, he will not go into the pavilion, finding any excuse). Solovki round stones lie in the monastery. Stone cross on the river Chusovaya is a round stone.
In Satka millstone buried near the gate at the entrance to the house. There is a sign that the evil man will not go to the gate through a "millstone", he asks him to open the gate or climb over the fence … I went to the Baltic, there are several thousand "millstone", they are sacred. Lithuanians have not sold any of its stones for use as a millstone … Some old icons Seraphim praying, kneeling on the stone, very similar to the "millstone" … What does this mean? There is an ancient tradition …
— How is it related to the Urals?
— Note: in the Ural mountains no archaeological finds from the Bronze Age. Before Christ people left the mountains. So they stood deserted until the end of XVII century AD. Turks lived in the desert, the mountains were sacred to them, they did not go there … But that all changed when conservatives came to the Urals. They settled in the mountains, where there was no one, and found the stones "sledaka" …
In the XVIII century the merchants, who fused the European part of all the stones, suitable as a millstone. Lazarev merchant bought around Satka all the old quarry, they began to cut stones for millstones. Then the flood began to make millstones in iron "covers." Preserved description of Lazarevski quarry, where it is said that people were selling merchant stones like millstones, someone made and left in the woods … in the old millstones were very expensive.
But not all of our "round stones" are suitable for use in mills … Now a lot of the stones are in the woods and on the mountain slopes in the valley Oh, by the confluence of the Big Satka to village of Megève. It is about 350 square kilometers. Hundreds, maybe thousands "millstone", or rather, stone disks of different sizes. Many of them without opening. Some are made of limestone. A pair of millstones we inadvertently tried to lift and broke … I think that these stones are associated with a certain ancient ritual.