Terminology of Plastic Surgery

Plastic Surgery.  Illustration www.edeninstitute.com.au

C development of plastic surgery medicine has been enriched with many new terms, to understand that the non-specialist is not easy. We explain what they mean Aesculapius, offering a particular intervention.

Abdominoplasty— Excision of excess skin on the abdomen. One way of correction, the need for which arises in the case of stretching of abdominal skin (often — after pregnancy). The operation gives good results, but you have to be prepared for the fact that after the abdominoplasty scar on his stomach remains. The size of it depends on the degree of severity of the problem and the method of operation.

Blepharoplasty— An operation which is aimed at removing excess skin on the upper and lower eyelids. Done in the presence of a pronounced relaxation and stretching of the skin, and as a result, periorbital swelling of fat in certain areas century (hernia).

Dermabraziya, or peeling (From the English. Peel — scrape, remove) — elimination of shallow wrinkles by removing the surface layers of the skin. In addition, using dermabrasion eliminated such surface imperfections as scars, tattoos, actinic keratoses, ksantelezmy, age spots, nevus. There are several types of dermabrasion: Manual (c using special milling), chemical (using a solution based on phenol) and the laser (using different types of laser). The choice depends on the kind of problem you want to solve. The operation is performed in a hospital.

Golden reinforcement— Implantation of gold threads into the upper layer of the skin. Used for reinforcing strands of pure gold the highest standard — 24 carats, with a diameter less than 0.1 mm, in a shell of polyglycolic acid.

Implants (implants)— Prostheses used for correcting the shape of the breast. In most cases, made of silicone rubber. Silicone silicone shell filled semiliquid (gel), or aqueous saline solution. At the choice of the patient and the surgeon implants installed in two basic types of cut: under the breast and axilla.

Liposuction, lipoaspiration (From "lipo" — fat) — medical or cosmetic procedure to remove excess fat.

Liposculpture, or lipomodelirovanie— A set of physical therapy and surgical techniques to eliminate excess body fat.

Lipofiling— Methods of correction of cosmetic defects of the face and body by injecting the patient's own fat.

Lifting, or Lift— One of the most effective tools in the fight against aging face. Stand out: the lifting, not affecting the muscles of the face (simple excision of excess skin) and lifting with the plastic of the superficial muscular aponeurotic system (SMAS).

Skin Lifting lband — a surgical procedure whose purpose is smoothing of horizontal forehead wrinkles and longitudinal wrinkles on the nose, and lift drooping eyebrows, giving the person an angry, tired expression. Often at the same time with the plastic forehead performed blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery) and the tightening of facial skin.

SMAS face-lift method— Lifting of the skin with the plastic surface of muscle-aponevroticheticheskoy system. By the classical circular pattern suspenders added an important caveat: not only the skin is tightened, but the chewing muscles and fascia.

Mammography— X-ray examination of the mammary glands.

Breast Implants— Surgery to breast enlargement. The effect is achieved by placing under the breast tissue or chest muscle-specific prosthetic implant.

Mammoreduktsiya— Reducing the size of the mammary glands. SUMMARY operation consists in removing a part of the breast and nipple moving to a higher position. The operation is performed under general anesthesia.

Mastopexy, or Breast lift— A surgical procedure aimed at restoring normal height chest and improve the size and contours. With mastopexy can also reduce the size of the areola — the dark area around the nipple.

Otoplasty, or plastic earand — an operation aimed at correcting the shape and position of the ears. Usually done in order to eliminate or reduce the size of big-eared large ears. Performed in the office and does not require placing a patient in a hospital.

Peeling (From the English peel — «remove a layer with something") — see "dermabrasion".

Plastic surgery— The section of surgery that deals with the restoration of form and / or function of individual body parts and organs that have been lost or damaged due to disease, trauma or surgical same operations. Plastic surgery is also engaged in the treatment of congenital anomalies and correction of defects detrimental to human activities. The main methods of plastic surgery are moving, tissue transplantation (transplantation) and implantation (introduction) of substitute materials.

Rhinoplasty— Rhinoplasty. Used for the correction of congenital or acquired defects of the nose, with a cosmetic purpose or to restore organ function. The operation involves sawing the turn or the nasal bones protruding portion, followed by excision of bone and cartilage. The operation was performed under local anesthesia.

Sclerotherapy of veins and venous networks— A procedure used to treat the so-called spider veins — clusters of translucent thin veins through the skin — which usually appear on the thighs, calves and ankles. The procedure consists in the introduction of a sclerosing solution into the vein, which is under the influence of the severity of spider veins gradually decreases and eventually disappears altogether.

Hair Transplant— An operation aimed at solving the problem of baldness. Is to transplant skin follicles from the donor area in the problem.

Hair follicle(Hair bulb) — the place from which the hair grows.

Endoprosthesis— Breast enlargement. The most common method of breast enlargement is the introduction of a special tissue fillers — implant-prosthesis.

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