That seek out the Norwegians in the Russian North?

They are looking for Norwegians in the Russian North?

"Pomorski separatism" which began in the geopolitical battle for the Arctic

Separatism in Russia, as is commonly believed, — the disease "of the borderlands." But now the symptoms of this political disease can be controlled and in areas that are usually listed as the most that neither is Russian. For example, in the Arkhangelsk region, which is also called Russian North, a growing number of adherents of the theory that the coast-dwellers — not descendants of Novgorod, who settled on the coast of the Barents Sea and the snow-white, and a special of the Finno-Ugric people, who lived from the white lake (Plesetsk District Arkhangelsk Oblast) to the Urals. In those places there are even some supporters of the creation of the independent republic Pomeranian, friendly adjoining Norway. So, at least, thinks the candidate of historical sciences, journalist Dmitry Semushin.

— In the case of the Arkhangelsk "Pomorie" to read about ethnic separatism, but calls for the transformation of in the conglomerate of self-sufficient regions and liberation from colonial dependence on Moscow from their lips sounded pretty. If we analyze them scattered in the media and social networks expression, create a conclusion that we are dealing with a local variant of the so-called. "Natsdemov". Since the 90's, a small group of local intellectuals Arkhangelsk tries to assure that if they refuse to be Russian, will achieve the status of indigenous small nation on them, like a horn of abundance of good dusting. Favourite Association Pomors Arkhangelsk region, Ivan Moiseev Russian ethnicity savvy as usual "brand." In the current criteria to be Russian, in his opinion, is not very profitable means to make a "Pomeranian brand" based on the fact that in ancient times on large expanses of the Russian North lived a Finno-Ugric tribe coast-dwellers. He was later assimilated aliens, the Muscovites.

"SP": — Maybe, we should not exaggerate so?

— Back in 2001, the main ideologist of today's Pomeranian ethnic separatism last rector of Arkhangelsk Pedagogical Institute Vladimir Bulatov made a strange statement: "The Russian-speaking ethnic group inhabits the coast dwellers snow-white sea shore from the XII century." It turns out that ethnicity "pomors" consists of several language groups? What? One might dismiss as absurd from the next, if not in 2009, and it became clear on the constructed artificially in the adjacent Norway psevdoetnicheskoy group under the title "Norwegian coast dwellers." And now it turns out that between "Norwegian pomors" and "Russian pomors" more common than between "Pomorie" and Russian Arkhangelsk region. There is only one step to declare the Norwegian and Russian coast-dwellers one ethnic group with different languages, including "Swiss Arctic." When promoting the idea activist "Pomeranian revival" in Arkhangelsk journalist Anatoly Bednova Norway in general has come to represent some kind of Jewish "Promised Land": "God grant that Pomor could as easily go to Norway as a Jew in Israel." A journalist Angelina Prudnikova dreams that "soon Our homeland is very much in the borders uzhmetsya. Fall off all the "principality" Our homeland is within the boundaries of the Arkhangelsk region. We'll live happily ever after, but good ever after. Fish to catch. Master shelf. From Norway to become related — they give us a closer look at the mentality than thieves, Moscow, St. Petersburg and Tartar bandit Siberia. "

"SP": — In Russia, many indigenous peoples have long been in a few more privileged position than Russia, which for centuries have lived near them. In the same Arkhangelsk region at Pomors less ability to use natural resources than the Nenets. Maybe this is also affecting the "Pomeranian separatism"?

— Friction at the household level, there are at Mezeni where the Russian side by side with the "Samoyeds" — Nenets. Despite the fact that the latter are usually herded reindeer, now they claim their "exclusive" rights to fish in the lakes. But all these difficulties very inflated "urban pomors." If we currently recognize the indigenous inhabitants of a small nation Pomeranian settlement on the banks of snow-white sea — here the question arises: what they are better than those who live in the 10 or 100 miles from the sea?

The concept of indigenous people came to us from Western legislation. It creates a great temptation to make some small ethnic group, to become radically, for what will benefit. Already Komi want to be indigenous, and Karelia. This provokes separatism. By the rules of the UN indigenous people is a people living on the conquered and colonized areas. In other words, it appears that is not the root — it's conquerors.

"SP": — What is the role of Norway in the issue of "Pomeranian separatism"?

— The most even. With all this the Norwegians are not alone. Behind them is the United States. There is an entire program that for the fragmentation and weakening of, they do not particularly hide. Even in the 90 years of the South American political scientist Zbigniew Brzezinski stated that the need to try so orientate Russian regions, so that they looked at the adjacent country, and not to Moscow. This mechanism is up and operational. Norwegians are active cultural policy in the Russian North. They are essentially "bought" Northern (Arctic) Federal Institute (Safa) in Arkhangelsk. Its spices on the Norwegian grants are research to prove anything that requires foreign hosts. Point first — the creation of a special "northern" identity. This was the last states and foreign affairs minister Stoltenberg as happens in Arkhangelsk. And here's a quote from a speech by a leading professional in the Norwegian Barents Regional Policy Remy Strand at the Congress' coast-dwellers "in Arkhangelsk, September 17, 2011:" The main goal now should be to introduce the history of coast-dwellers so that in the future to organize a "win-win lottery" for us. "

"SP": — How to invest serious money Norwegians to rewrite the history of the coast-dwellers?

— Means frivolous. But the results are impressive. "Buy" Safa — worth about 4 million bucks. Not so long ago, when all of this institute on direct orders from the Norwegian consul was created Pomorski Institute. Again go grants from Norway. On the creation of the dictionary "of the Finno-Ugric people," Pomors allocated 4 thousand bucks.

"SP": — Do not implicated here fighting for resources in the Arctic, which is activated in the near future?

— Naturally. Norwegians have long lead expansion in the Arctic. They know that their own dwindling supplies of hydrocarbons. Therefore it is not averse to "lay hands" on our field in the eastern part of the Barents Sea.

"SP": — How will it be implemented in practice?

— At the moment, the position of the central government in Moscow is unstable. If Putin's regime will fall — will be severely weakening the centralization of power. And coupled with that — and the redistribution of resources between the center and the regions. Gubernatorial places will be local people associated with the bandits. Their is nothing sacred — all implemented. The same field in th
e Pechora Sea surrender Norwegians to build houses for themselves. And Western companies will skim the cream. Outside the area will remain a part of, but in fact the country will already be of a confederation. Further — more. Here's the handy Norwegians' indigenous people pomors "with modern" tribal leaders ", and that will give them" legal "authorization for access to reserves of raw materials. Everything will be legitimate, from the standpoint of international law.

"SP": — Let's go back to the issue of ethnicity. Arkhangelsk region still inhabited in the main people who identify themselves as Russian. According to the census of 2010 — 95.6 percent. With all this pomors call themselves a little more than two thousand people. Apparently, it is the inhabitants of coastal villages, centuries fishing for fish in the sea?

— In those places where the coast-dwellers lived for centuries, this subethnos consider themselves one. Let's say the snow-white sea of the coast in Karelia their calculated total of 13 people. But a lot of coast-dwellers suddenly showed up in big cities, where they have never lived. It began from that time, as the last Governor of the Arkhangelsk region Efremov said: "Let the entire population of the Arkhangelsk region will create pomors." Then the "ideologues" of local scientists the idea began to spin rapidly.

Ethnicity — the concept of culture at first. There is a small layer of "new coast-dwellers." In the main — they are representatives of the intelligentsia. They are constantly trying to prove to the local population, which pomors be better than Russian.

"SP": — The number of adherents of "Pomeranian identity"?

— One student conducted a survey on the Web. It participated in the main young people and students. 40 percent of them said they could consider himself Pomors. If further every day or a day will be on all sides of the grind that was such ugrofinsky ethnicity coast dwellers who had their own language (funds for the publication of a dictionary of the language has already allocated the Ford Foundation), we are finally able to get the newest "northern Ukraine" .

Well, in conclusion, to say who the coast dwellers on the correct scientific data. For the first time, "Pomortsi" (note, not "coast dwellers") referred to in the Russian historical sources in the sixteenth century. First mention in 1526 under the "Pomortsev" assumed then the people living in the townships on the so-referred to as Pomorsky shore (except Pomeranian, there's still Summer, Winter and snow-white sea shore Terek). Ethnic colors, the term had not. It would have been Russian, Karels, etc. Title, so Makarov, comes from a particular geographic area. From the middle of the XVI century. "Pomortsi" begin to run only on the Murmansk fisheries Kole, where most of them arrived on foot, not by the sea. In the XIX century. this naming generally spread by industrialists Archangel, Mezenskogo, Onega, Kem and the Kola district of the Arkhangelsk province. engaged in fish (mainly cod) paltusinym partially shark fisheries and Nerpichye in Murmansk and in the northern part of Norway. The word "coast dwellers" came from Pomerania (Pomeranian Preserving the snow-white sea), and from Pomerania and run across them on the vessels on which they bring their own gear products in Arkhangelsk and St. Petersburg: "Pomeranian court", "Pomeranian schooner." Not all coastal settlements on the white sea including "Pomeranian». Namely, the inhabitants are not registered Nyonoksa pomors since specialized in salt production. The inhabitants are not living on the seashore in the Arkhangelsk region, pomors did not consider themselves.

By the way

Big Russian Encyclopedia gives a subsequent determination Pomors:

"The coast-dwellers, the title of the descendants of the old self and Russian settlers (mostly from Novgorod), inhabited the 12 to early 18th centuries. south-western and south-eastern coast of the snow-white sea (Pomorski and Summer shore). P. occasionally referred to as the Russian population of the coasts of snow-white and the Barents Sea, consisting of both a displaced persons from the Pomeranian and the Summer Snow-white shores of the sea, and people from different regions of the Russian Federation (the relocation began in the 16th century. Was long). AP has long engaged in marine fisheries (marine animal production and fishing), merchant shipping and shipbuilding. On sailing vessels (barges, kochah, Kochmarev) they visited the distant polar islands, for the first time have gained Spitsbergen. AP exerted a progressive influence on the local northern peoples (Karelians, Saami, Nenets, etc.). For AP was characterized by north-Russian cultural complexes (in the architecture of housing, clothes, customs, etc.) and the North Russian dialect, and for folklore — the epic. "

But, in the near future "open sources on the Internet" vied say pomors "descendants of the old Novgorod and Finno-Ugric tribe Korella."

But guess what a fascinating origin of coast-dwellers laid out in his essay writer Vladimir Lichutin recognizable.

"… Chud white-eyed …" What a strange name of the people who once majestic colonize the land of the Viking Sea to the foothills of the Urals and suddenly sunk into Neti, Or, as they say legends, "gone to the land." Brave men and not only mysterious, and beautiful, lovely, lovely. But "from the names of the people do not start, but the names of the people are." (Lomonosov) … And where is the people? And neuzh flowed in the dark ages, leaving behind only for themselves "and prizvischa prigovorischa"?: Lake Chud, Miracles Monastery in Novgorod Chudinskaya street, village Chuchepala. Many historians who have fallen under the "Germanic myths", believe that it was some of the Finnish tribes, and later dissolve in Novgorod intruders. Lomonosov perceived as "Chud white-eyed" for the Scythians, who came from the Black Sea (Russian) on the sea, countless men, war, and correctly, that Chud participated in the campaigns of Russian princes and battles with the Vikings, Russ had to collect tribute. (Incidentally, the "Ancient Russian History" Mihailo Lomonosov out of print two 50 years old, was safely hidden under a bushel. Lofty Lomonosov was the first Russian historians notified that heroic Troy — the settlement of the Slavic Wends, and that almost all of Europe in the first century of our time was inhabited by people of slavenskim Russes, Ruthenians, Rugova. This was confirmed during the eminent archaeologist Schliemann: a blind man believed to Homer, he excavated the legendary city of Troy, and sent a fabulous myth byvalschiny.)

Russ tribe itself, over time, become the most countless middle of the Slavs, wore many names: Russ, rugi, Ruthenians, Roxolans, Roxanne, Rashomon, Sarmatians. And everywhere is heard belonging to the majestic Russian River Ra (Volga), where they hozyainovali uniformly slipping to the west, south and north. That's why the Black Sea was called before the Russian and Baltic Sea — Varangian. (Svarozhskim?) And lived near, and swam on his kids god Svarog — Svarozhich-vars-ravines-Vikings — Russes. In my country, women in Mezeni syzveka knitted gloves for men made of thick wool — Waregem, winter hiking trimmed their samotkanym thick cloth, for us kids, knitted mittens. It was here read by "Options" — icy, kipyatochek, frost. Svarog-Rod God, the God of Sun Ra (later the hosts). His sign — she herself swastika that our mothers and grandmothers and wove vyvyazyvayut on towels, valances, socks, gloves … Vikings who inhabited the coast of the Viking wore the same gloves Waregem, as my forefathers.

So why are not lost, not dissolved since time immemorial few Zyrians, Nenets, Enets, Vep
sians, Sami, Karelians, Permian, Mordovians, Chuvash and the Finns, and Voguls Ostiaks under the onslaught of tenacious Novgorod? These narodtse like the streamlined Zavoloche without penetrating inside, and countless tribe — "Chud white-eyed", who lived from the Viking Sea to the Urals, somewhere suddenly vanished like foam? Yes because they stray narodtse were dark, strange, distant on the culture and life, not theirs. They are not fused, were not included in the Slavic environment even for two thousand years. A "white-eyed Chud 'descent kinship somehow … Why?

Yes, because "Chud" — is prarusy our forefathers. Sedentary hunters, fishermen, ploughmen, oratai that lived in the Russian North ten to eight thousand years before the modern era, with cold snaps retreated to Ra (the Volga), on the Ural River and the southern Suru (the sun) and then flowed back. It is possible that from the same Russian elements of this progenitor, he lived on the river North Sur Pechora Mezeni, Dvina, Maigret and Shchugorev, the Indians came and future-Aryans, when it is a new cold snap, and forests receded from the sea on three km and there was hunger, one part of the ethnic group moved to find new land in Europe, the other puteprohodtsy through hundreds of years and have gained the Indus were called Indians. Russ became Indians. This is the ancient Indian language reads "Sanskrit", in which many Russian words, they could not appear out of nowhere, this is also evidenced symbolism and ornament, the motives of the epic, place names, and linguistics. "Chud white-eyed" who lived along the shores of the northern rivers, lurking in taybole in terrible Suzemka — is a fragment of an ancient relic praetnosa Russes. This people was divided into tribes ugra, schugra, pechera, MEGHRI, Sura, and further west Mereschi, a measure Izhorians. And when the Novgorod ushkuyniki in the eleventh century moved Severá in Zavoloche (Mezen Shur, Pinega and Pechora), they were old roads on tribal lands, from which emanated the west, maybe in the same prehistoric times, when the rivers of Ra, the Urals, the southern Surat, Kura, Amu-Darya and Syr-Darya, the Aral Sea by their own countrymen were moving to the south, until you stake a claim on the Indus River, carrying within itself the memory of the northern homeland, snowy nights, ice and snow .

When the tribes of the Finno-Finns (Zyrians, Sami Vepsians, the Nenets, the Finns) prikochevali beyond the Urals in Zavoloche on these formidable land submerged in itself, seems to be standing still in development, "frozen", already thousands of years lived Russes, and let these were the remains of forsaken ethnic group, but he was standing at a superior level of development than the nomads, it was the people, "carcass" of culture — ploughmen, fishermen and hunters — who live in Pechische (huts) and settlements with the fortified towns, the squad company princes and their incomprehensible for intruders culture. On the long history of the "white-eyed Chud" as historical people, for themselves read as the name of fast, hard-core of the rivers flowing into the Russian ocean. Pechora (cave) — House of the sun and the fire later spread the name of Russ native river in Europe; Mezen — low water (in Russia MEZENTSEVA common name, though, as it were outside and not tied by kinship with the North). Dvina — Wines — Dong-Dus-Spirit, the sister of the Western Dvina and the Danube. And MEGHRI (rotation of the sun), Sura, Pinyega (Pineza). All the major rivers have their root Russian title for thousands of years before the arrival of the Finno-Finns.

Again and again, remember symbols, religious symbols of his native land that surrounded me since childhood: the head of deer and stallions at the ohlupnyah roofs, maned lion and sun on the pediments of the huts, two-headed head on a ladle-Bratina, swastikas, falcons, stars, women, new mothers on lace, embroidery, woodcarving, mittens and socks, clay and wood Polkan (centaurs) — and guess I did not Novgorod brought in Pomorie sacred Aryan signs predavnego the world, but it is "Chud white-eyed" — a relic of the Rus — kept them as a gift forgotten Protz. Now we do not find the presence among us "Chud white-eyed," but we must be aware of cardiac memory of kinship, that it was the old root and the root n people of Pomerania.

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