The pilot flying bomb Storm

After the release of the decision of the Government of the USSR of 05.13.1946 on the deployment of work on rocket technology has started a reorganization of the military industry. Formed a number of new design offices, research institutes and factories were reorganized available, including NII-1 MAP. Namely, from this institution in independent organizations were identified motor divisions Cradles AM (1946), MM Bondaryuk (1950) and LS Dushkin (1955). Also, in June 1946 converted into an independent bureau and branch number 1 — the factory number 293 in Khimki. The main designer of OKB-293 and the plant manager is appointed Bisnovatyi MR, Vice — Elagin VN, Drakin II

Earlier this plant was OKB-293 Bolkhovitinov VF was incorporated in 1944 in the NII-1 NCAP. The company has received in the institute the status of the branch number 1. Bolkhovitinov was appointed deputy head of the Institute for Science of. Main developers jet "BI" on which lasted work Isayev AM and AJ Bereznyak appointed to manage the institute JCE by LRE and Chief KB branch number 1, respectively. On the OKB-293, which had experience in the development of rocket planes, blamed for his work on the subject, which is rapidly developing in the post-war years — jet combat aircraft.

Development of the missile complex "Storm" has a subsonic missile coastal defense was conducted in 1948-1953 in the bureau's. It was intended to destroy surface targets. Apart from the flying bomb in the complex included: starting the installation, coastal management system and equipment training run. It should be noted that the creation of airplanes, missiles of this class immediately assigned to several other organizations. In the OKB-51 running Chelomeya VN started to design a cruise missile "10HN" and in GSNII-642 — a cruise missile "Pike" has an unusual scheme and a detachable front section — a torpedo. In the OKB-155 and Dubna branch began a joint study of a special version of the coastal missile "KS" — "KSS" ("Arrow").

Preparing flying bomb "Storm" to the test

For the flying bomb "Storm"Was not chosen entirely ordinary assembly." Storm "- a monoplane with a conventional circuit mid-wing (slightly below the longitudinal axis of the fuselage). Fuselage shape — body rotation. Wing sweep of 35 degrees at quarter chord. Cross is made with ailerons. T -tail stabilizer sweep of 40 degrees quarter chords keel — 46.5 degrees. elevator and rudder are servokompensatory. Marching slider — Ramjet engine mounted under the fuselage shell in the autonomous nacelle. At the start of the semi-flush propellant motor protruding from the nozzle of the sustainer engine stood additional horizontal tail stabilizer with rectangular end. Start and acceleration aircraft to a speed that is needed to start the propulsion motor, carried out on the starting powder-jet engine. "Startovik" with development of solid fuel is thrown out of the nozzle on rail spec. guides through the drag brake flaps are lowered to the horizontal stabilizer. Next place the output jet engine on marching mode with the upcoming crackdown on it.

The scheme worked in a flying model LM-15 curb ramjet engine RD-550. Experience of work on this model was used during the creation of the propulsion system for the "Storm".

The fuselage consisted of six compartments. 1st section — a unified compartment seeker, on the bow compartment (served to place the blocks fuses, transceivers, antennas, remote controls) compartment of the warhead (fuse, explosive), the middle compartment (compressed air tanks, fuel tanks, the elements guidance equipment, sensors, autopilot, radar altimeter antenna), rear compartment (battery, main block altimeter, radio equipment supply), the tail spinner (blocks fuse EV-96, Autopilot, etc.).

Assembling the flying bomb "Storm": 1 — antenna unit GOS 2 — homing transmitter, 3 — block radiovizirovaniya 4 — elektrovzryvatel and PIM, 5 — pin fuse 6 — warhead, 7 — straight through the engine, 8 — tank number 1 9 — compressed air cylinders, 10 — tank number 2, 11 — machine control ailerons, 12 — Receiver GOS 73 — block radio altimeter, 14 — battery, 15 — machine control of the elevators, 16 — block radio, 17 — machine control of the rudder, 18 — autopilot gyro unit, 19 — anti startovik, 20 — start slider

Projected three variants with different shell seekers: a television, a passive infrared and active radar. The observance of the trajectory of flight height shells filled with radar and infrared homing heads produced by the radio altimeter ("CM Storm"). A variant with a television seeker had altimeter. Apart from this, the amendments to the trajectory of the flight line used radio telemetry ("CSG-Storm"). For reliability of fuses installed several types at once: two non-contact electronic and two mechanical.

In 1950 — 1951 years to refine the maneuverability and aerodynamic features were implemented glider flight tests of manned counterpart projectile "Storm"(F-1). Analogue had the same assembly as the projected plane-shell, but as a turbojet engine used engine RD-10 located in the ventral nacelle. Installed on the fuselage and cockpit for manual control authorities. Flight tests were conducted under the Kerch Bagerovo from a base in the Crimea. As the aircraft carrier used Pe-8. First flight test pilot performed Shijanov GM, then everything glider tests were conducted as a test pilot Bourtzev FI Reset analogue was carried out from a height of about two thousand meters with a turbojet engine is running. Since the analog engine was weak, his capacity for horizontal flight was not enough, because made only flight with a slide. In developing the guidance was used as the target of the cruiser "Reddish Caucasus." Flight tests of an analogue of the OKB-293 ran Elagin VN

For working in the functioning of the radio altimeter criteria low-altitude aerial approach targets have been carried out test flights of the Pe-8 at a height of 15 m above sea level with a suspended flying bombs. To test the propulsion system consisting of a projectile were made flying models "Storm." During the four carried out of range starts with the ground worked catapult start mode on the starting powder-jet engine, it reset and ramjet engine.

The positive results of the experimental runs of models have allowed to start in 1952, to full-scale flight test aircraft missiles "Storm" filled with modified propulsion system. During the first step had 8 test runs, during which work propulsion systems and was neotkaznoy. Provides speeds up to M = 0.8 while climbing 1.5 thousand mktrov.

It was the first in the USSR launches flying bomb from an aircraft carrier (Pe-8). During flight tests carried out 18 launches "Storm."

Starting the engine flying bomb "Storm". Perfectly visible stabilizers, made like a twin-finned tail

Tests "Storm" were not brought to an end, as in 1953, EDO factory number 293 in accordance with the government ceases to exist. The fact that th
e bureau was a direct rival "company" Beria SL — CB-1, which together with the Mikoyan OKB-155 were working on antiship complexes "Boom" and "Comet". Bisnovatyi sent to Moscow for the design of airport equipment.

The same fate has understood and other organizations specializing in the creation of controlled flying bombs and having a rather weak "political" support. OKB-51 Chelomeya VN, as OKB-293 was loose, and the accumulated material and the plant went AI Mikoyan Design Bureau Also curtailed the development of "10HN" and "Pike" under the pretext of the concentration of all the work in the hands of the mighty duo "OKB-155 and CB-1."

Launcher flying bomb "Storm"

Aircraft performance characteristics:
Modification — Storm;
Motor type — 1 turbojet engine RD-10;
Operational range — 80 km;
Service ceiling — 1500 m;
Crew — 1 person.

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