The Six Day War between Israel and Egypt, Syria and Jordan. Part 2

Martial act on the direction of the Sinai

At 9:00 am June 5, 1967, Israeli troops after the small artillery shelling and air attack began coming to the coastal area. Participated in the strike to 4 Israeli brigades. To facilitate the forces attacking from the front, in the depth of the defense of Egyptian mechanized infantry division with helicopters landing was thrown out. By the 1200-1300 Israeli troops, concentrating on the flanks of the main efforts of the 7th Motorized Infantry Division, Egypt, Egyptian troops broke through the defense. The Israelis began to develop in the direction of the coming of Khan Yunis, Rafah (30 km south-west of the Strip), El-Arish. By the final day or June 5, Israeli troops reached the coast of the Mediterranean Sea west of Khan Yunis. Egyptian and Palestinian divisions in Gaza have been cut off from the main group of Egyptian troops in the Sinai Peninsula. Go with this leading-edge of the Israeli spared from the south and surrounded the El Arish.

Heroes of breakthrough Egyptian positions in the Sinai Peninsula were — Mechanized Division commander, Major General Israel Tal, the commander of an armored division, Major General Avraham Yoffe and Mechanized Division, Major General Ariel Sharon.

The central direction till 2 infantry and 2-tank brigades of Israel after the artillery barrage and air attack in the middle of the coming day or fled from the area Auja (55 km south-west Bersheba) towards Gebel Lubny and Al Qassim. After trying to break through the defense of the 2nd Motorized Infantry Division from the front, Israeli troops moved its main efforts on the flanks and in joint 7th and 2nd infantry divisions. Israeli commanders immediately thrown two tactical helicopter landing deep in the Egyptian Defense Division. By the final day or the Israeli side have progressed in this area is 20-25 km. 2nd Egyptian motorized infantry division, having suffered heavy losses, especially from Israeli air strikes, was ordered to take up defensive positions in the area of Bir el-Hassan.

The coming of the Israeli forces in the south in the first day of the war was not the case of success. 6th motorized infantry division of the Egyptian armed forces to repel the attack of Israeli forces on this front portion of the band. The Egyptians even ran over to the offensive and wedged in the area of Israel to a depth of 5-10 km.

As a result, during the first day or the war, Israeli Army broke through enemy defenses and advanced to the northern and central areas to a depth of 20-40 km. Israeli troops tried to avoid fighting front and extensively used the maneuver forces, in order to bypass the enemy forces and reach, coupled with the planting of small airborne forces. Played a huge role, Israeli Air Force, which had an advantage and a full virtual impunity bombarded Egyptian positions. Egyptian troops have had in the first day or serious resistance, but their defense was poorly organized. Command clumsily and unsuccessfully been trying to carry out counter-forces of the second echelon. Egyptian forces were not able to make effective measures to combat tactical assault helicopter of Israeli troops.

On the night of June 6, Israeli forces imposed a command in the battle of the freshest and significantly stepped up acts of troops, particularly in their own right (seaside) flank. At the direction of the seaside Israeli mechanized units broke through the defenses left-flank units of the 7th Egyptian mechanized infantry division, and turned from El Arish to the south, to 13.00 went to the rear of the 7th and 2nd infantry divisions. Immediately in Abu Ageyla was thrown Israeli paratroopers in the parachute battalion to ensure frisky promotion of Israeli troops in this area, to prevent the approach of Egyptian forces from the depths and make a panic in the enemy rear. Exit to the rear part of the Israeli Egyptian divisions, which were in the first operational echelon, and lack of support from the air, these divisions have put in a very difficult position.

To prevent complete encirclement and destruction first echelon commanders of the Eastern Front of Egypt decided to counter-attack, using parts of the 3rd Motorized Infantry and the 9th Panzer divisions from abroad Mashan El Lubny, El Tamil towards the east of El Arish. But because of a weak air support counter-attack of success had not, and the Egyptian command was forced to stop coming. The surviving units 3rd Motorized Infantry and the 9th Panzer divisions were taken deep into the Sinai Peninsula.

The 4th Armored Division Egypt, which was in reserve in the area east of the Mitla Pass, received the puzzle counter Israeli troops in the morning on June 6 in the direction of the town of Gebel el-Hassan, Abu Ageyla, but did not fulfill their own tasks. When nominating a limit on the deployment of the division commanders, for unknown reasons, was ordered to the commander of the Eastern Front on departure for the Suez Canal.

By 14.00 on June 6 of the captured Israeli town of Gaza, Khan Yunus and El-Arish. Israeli troops pulled out all along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, the remaining part of the Egyptian and Palestinian forces in these areas were surrounded and captured. By the final on June 6 resistance of Egyptian troops in Gaza was almost kinked. Along the coastal road, Israeli forces attacked without actually meeting any resistance of the enemy, rapidly approaching the Suez Canal. On the south the morning of 6 June the Israeli side again fled to the coming and began to move deeper into the Sinai Peninsula.

As a result of hostilities on June 6, Israeli Connection moved to 50-75 km from the eastern border of Egypt and abroad has seized Mazar (40 km to the west of El-Arish), east of Gebel Lubny, east of Bir el-Hassan Nahla, north of Al-Toastmasters.

Surrounded by a part of the first tier of Egyptian troops were massed blows air force, armored shock troops from the rear and the front, suffered significant losses, and almost completely lost its combat effectiveness. Their sample out of the encirclement by organized connections of success had not.

Egyptian front 5-6 June 1967.

On the third day of the war, on June 7 of Abraham Joffe took the Mitla Pass. At this time, the connection Egyptians, incurring massive air strikes continued to move towards the Mitla Pass, not knowing that he was already in the hands of Israeli forces. Egyptian forces tried to break through the pass to the Suez, but after a hard fight were defeated. On the same day the division of Ariel Sharon invaded Nahl, other troops occupied the North-East Sinai, and the air and aqua landings captured Sharm el-Sheikh.

June 8th Division Abraham Joffe and Yisrael Tal started coming towards the canal. In the evening of the Yisrael Tal during heavy fighting, came to the canal in front of Ismailia. The next day went to the channel connections Division Abraham Joffe. So Makar, despite some remaining in isolation Egyptian units, the Sinai Peninsula was completely under the control of the Israeli troops. In the night from 8 to 9 June Cairo agreed to a truce, because by that time the Sinai group of Egyptian armed forces was defeated, 10-15 thousand Egyptian soldier killed, about 5 thousand were taken prisoner, thousands of people tried to get out of the environment.

Egyptian front 7-8 June 1967.

Martial act on the direction of the Jordanian

Israeli commanders sought to avoid operations against Jordan and Syria, until victory is won defiant in the Sinai area. Immediately Tel Aviv sought to establish control over Jerusalem. Immedi
ately after the start of operations against Egypt Israeli Prime Minister Levi Eshkol sent a message to the Jordanian King Hussein, in which said Israel did not start the war against his kingdom, if the monarch would refrain from joining in the conflict. But the Jordanian king, bound by agreement with Cairo, and hoping for success, he ordered his troops to start shelling West Jerusalem.

In the afternoon on the border of 2-states were minor skirmishes. At 11:45 Jordanian Arab Legion started a mortar fire at targets in West Jerusalem and Jordanian artillery began to strike at targets east of Tel Aviv and in the Jezreel valley. The commander of the Central Front Uzi Narkis asked for permission to move the front of his forces at the coming of Jerusalem and the area of the town, but initially refused. Soon he received reinforcements in the form of a parachute brigade under the command of Mordechai Gur. Initially it planned to use in the Sinai area, but due to the rapid advent of Israeli forces in the Sinai, it was decided to transfer some of the Jordanian front. Uzi Narkis started coming by three teams.

Operations on the Jordanian front.

At night on June 6 was a fight for Jerusalem, the Jordanians put up fierce resistance. Israeli armored forces surrounded the city — was captured in the north of Ramallah and Latrun in the south-west. Jordanian forces were subjected to severe shocks from the air. At that time were running battle for Jenin, he was captured on the same day. June 7 paratroopers Gura took an old city in Jerusalem. In addition, was captured Bethlehem, Gush Etzion, Nablus. Very thinned Jordanian forces, having lost a lot of equipment, crossed the Jordan River, where they remained until the armistice. In the evening on June 7 both sides accepted the proposal of the UN Security Council cease-fire.

General Uzi Narkiss, Defense Minister Moshe Dayan and Chief of Staff Yitzhak Rabin included in the liberated Jerusalem through the Lion Gate, June 1967.

Syrian direction

On the Syrian track first 4 day or war stood relative calm — Israeli commanders were employed defeat the Egyptian Sinai group and capture of Jerusalem, and the Syrians, which is the first day of the war have lost half of its own aircraft, preferred to keep shelling areas of Israel, not cross coming in the main forces. Syrian troops occupied the commanding Golan Heights, in the past they have since the end of the Arab-Israeli war of 1947-1949 years. made there a strong line of defense. The line of fortifications had a depth of up to 10 miles and 250 guns.

7 and 8 June, Israeli forces that act against Jordan, began to flip to the border with Syria. Early in the afternoon on June 8, Israeli Air Force began attacking band Syrian defense. These air strikes without annoying lasted until the end of the Six-Day War. However, even the massive bomb used by Israeli Air Force, could damage the Syrian line of defense, but the bombing has seriously undermined the morale of the Syrian fighter, there are even some deserters.

June 9, at 11:30, Israeli troops defected to the decisive offensive. Major Command of the Israeli inflicted on the northern and southern sectors of the front. The northern part of the coming battle group went in the tank brigade, parachute, infantry and engineering units. Israeli troops stormed one of the most well fortified enemy positions — the Golan plateau. Under the fire of artillery and dug Syrian tanks advanced Israeli squad managed to take the Syrian position. Right behind these infantry units seized Tel Azaz, Tel-el-Fahr, Burj Bravil. So Makar, the evening Syrian defense was breached, and the Israelis seized the heights.

Immediately, when the main group of Israeli troops attacked the heights, has suffered secondary attack in Gonen and Ashmury, in the central sector of the Israeli-Syrian front. At the direction of the main blow to Israeli tank group led coming on the main point of the Syrian defense — the city of Quneitra. A team of "Golani" stormed another strong point of the Syrians, Banias. June 10, Quneitra was surrounded and then captured.

In addition, in the morning on June 10, Israeli troops began coming, and in the southern sector of the front. In the rear of Syrian positions were landed. As a result of the advent of the Syrian army was defeated. Israeli troops occupied the western and southern parts of the mountain Hermon. The Syrians have lost 1-2.5 thousand people killed, several thousand wounded, their main force in the direction of Damascus were broken. According to the views of the commander of Israeli forces in this direction of David Elazar, the Israeli military would be useful 36 hours to get to Damascus. In the evening on June 10 came into force a cease-fire.

June 10, 1967 due to pressure on the Jewish government of the West and the socialist camp, the war was over. Entered into force an agreement on a cease-fire. USSR took steps to "forced Israel to peace" and sent to the Egyptian Navy squadron shores of the Black Sea Fleet: 1 cruiser, nine destroyers, three submarines. In addition, it soon joined by a group of ships and submarines of the Northern Fleet, and the forces squadron up to 40 pennants, including 10 submarines came. These forces were on full alert from 1 to 31 June 1967 and were based in the Egyptian Port Said. But, before the collision with the Russian Navy 6th Fleet, South American and Israeli Navy is not reached. Yet, the presence of a strong Russian squadron and of strongest political and diplomatic pressure on the Soviet Western countries severely limit the ability of Tel Aviv to continue coming against Egypt and Syria. Moscow said Washington that if Israel did not halt coming, the USSR did not stop before taking military action plan. On the same day, Israeli forces completed the fire and went to a truce.

Operations on the Syrian front.

Results of the war

— Israel lost 776-779 people killed: 338 of them were killed on the Sinai front, 300 to 141 for the Jordanian and Syrian. Israel also lost about 2.5 thousand people injured, about 60-100 tanks and 50 combat aircraft.

According to the English Institute of Strategic research, the overall loss of 70 thousand Arabs were killed, wounded or captured, and 1,200 tanks (part or in full working order with a de minimis injury), about 450 combat aircraft. In addition, the 200 — 400 thousand Arabs became refugees. The heaviest loss suffered Egypt: 11-15 thousand dead, 5, 5 thousand prisoners, up to 20 thousand wounded. The Egyptians also accused Israel of massacres of prisoners. Egyptian Armed Forces have lost 80% of military equipment in the Sinai front, 820 tanks, more than 2.5 million units of armored vehicles and trucks, more than 1 thousand guns and mortars. Jordan lost 696 killed, 421 wounded and more than 2-thousand missing. Syria: 1-2,5 thousand deaths, about 5 thousand the wounded. Suffered the loss of the mighty power. Soviet military sites of Egypt and Syria lost 35 people. U.S. lost 34 men killed and 173 wounded. In this case, the Yankees also stormed the Israelis. June 8, 1967, they sank a ship of the U.S. Navy, "Liberty", which was engaged in electronic intelligence off the coast of the Sinai Peninsula. According to the official version of the Israeli ship was "wrongly identified". According to another version, the Israeli military had sunk it on purpose, because know that Americans have a secret ties with Egypt and Jordan. In addition, t
he Jews wanted to prevent the United States to find the movement of their troops on the eve of the attack Syrian positions.

— Militarily, Israel won a landslide victory, the Arab coalition was defeated. The Arab world has suffered a serious setback. Israel captured the Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, West Preserving the river. Jordan, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights. In total, Tel Aviv gained control of the territory, is 3.5 times superior to the pre-war area of Israel.

— November 22, 1967 The UN Security Council adopted Resolution 242, it condemned Israeli anger and sought the withdrawal of Israeli troops from the occupied territories they had. Tel Aviv has refused to make a resolution. It must be said that the problem captured in the 1967 territories and the Arab-Israeli dispute to this day is one of the fault lines in the Middle East. This is one of the possible hotbeds of war on the planet. Segodnyaschy radicalization of the Arab world, the situation in Egypt and Syria, they say that peace in the region will not be a long time yet.

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