Since then, little has changed in the relationship. But since then, many maystrovtsy themselves become teachers. They all have in common is that they moved the invariable choice of three models in the background, and on the first set of national priority and human vzgadavannya. It is clear that as teachers in their dealing with the system. But this is no longer the most important which model they choose, as the former maystrovets, as a rule — the system itself. It is better for the well-organized system of government. For example, imagine maystrovtsa that strikes in all directions, looking for himself ideology, is impossible.
Artist Ales Kostka in their paths as a student teacher took place twice.
Bone"I teach at the Academy, the door is behind him, the department of arts and crafts. My life is repeated permanently. Two approaches to" Parnat ", first as a student, then as a teacher. Academy — as a student and as a teacher . "
Dubovets: For Alesya Bones coming in Artisan not a revelation belarushchyny and Belarusian consciousness. In his life, as in the lives of all parnatovtsami, Artisan has played a different role.
Bone"Raising awareness in the Artisan to have little going on, because we were conscious. Formed But there is hope that can really happen any changes, and you can take part in this change, that we all were ready.
I was such a small, fragile, humble and smart. So what? He came and sang songs. I'm hearing is, to vote no. I was just join the choir practice. Larissa coached Simakovich. We sang the song "Generous vyachor." And she said, well, now we take note of "scho-of-the scho-oh-oh." And we have been there Knish Sergei, Raven nickname. It does not stand up: Raven, that you sing! And he looks at her and says, scho. Oh, and learn to sing. vyachor generous, rich vyachor.
It was in 1981 or 1982. A. .. Even before I went into the army, and Genyk brought me into the army Belarusian songs. Said to you Belarusian songs, teach. I knew why. We all know why we need Belarusian songs.
Our parnatavskaya get-together — an issue in 1980. We were already quite conscious children. We have traveled around the Villeneuve, we have already passed the educational program on the history of Belarus. We have read and understood Yermolovich that we need to save our Belarus. So — why — we did not ask. We just walked and sang.
Masterful Gukanne spring Kupala park in Minsk, 1983. Ales Kostka fifth left.
After 1983, the shout of spring in Yanka Kupala Park. I have pictures. Shupe Sergey played the flute. I had a violin. I play the violin did not know how, I just took out her case. To play. Not knowing how. After all, the ability is there, and I could play the violin at once. And so very awkward, but he played … "
Bones Theophane, Ludwig, Leonardo
DubovetsAlesia Bone as Belarusians formed and nurtured "Parnat", the role of the parents in this case do not vglyadae Ales.
Bone"It was the first generation of migrants. They immediately caught the Russian language quickly and belarushchyna associated with the collective farm, for example, nesympatychnymi neighbors.
Nurse May was born in the village of Gryazivets. There "ryakanne" Mogilev — doors, vverh, Gryazivets, vyarevka … It is now Chaussky area. She was born there, and after they soared in Mogilev. Germans expelled them in Mogilev. And the old woman lived in Mogilev, raised five children. Nurse after Mogilev kultprasvetu left in Bobruisk. Father — from Kirovsk Bobruisk district. In Kirovsk they met at the club, there were married. After their uncle dragged to Minsk.
At the same time my uncle was very friendly with the poet Ales Staver. "To love our dear Belarus, it is necessary to go to different places …"
It was a serious story Staver. His boy taken by his stories, school Abvera after it was abandoned here as an agent, and he was forced to surrender … This is from the legends, I do not know the true story. He appeared here and began to write poetry, and wrote an absolutely brilliant line. And this Ales Staver hanging out with my uncle and a lot of influence on my uncle. My uncle was a very workman people. Bone Theophane. There was another guy Ludwig Bone and Bone Leonard — my father.
Well, here's my uncle, who was a teacher of labor, met with the teacher labor "Parnata." He suggested that there is "Parnat." And they took the Man, the fourth grade. And I was sitting in plasticine, not getting out of plasticine.
Cats do not kill
Culture, I would not say that was not. In fact, looking at photos of his early childhood … We were all the same city. We went to a stylish shirt matrosikav, we are constantly fotkay which bears were there, gazebos … A Belarusian culture as it was not. There was a grandmother was her sister that "river" and pulled the Belarusian diphthongs. This issue arose later, when it began to study the history of different nations — what Belarus? And there was Genyk Marinkina in fifth grade is that … For example, I could not understand the Belarusian text. Reading the book in the fifth grade, I do not remember what's verse was Kupala, I confessed Genyk, I Those guys do not understand what is written here. And Gennady begins to explain to me. And until I get it.
At the same time, I had pathological inability to languages. I could not learn any language, English or Russian or Belarusian. Normally I read was in the 16-17 years old, and before that I did not read anything. Very smart boy Costco. Ha-ha-ha. Nachytanasts — this is not an indicator of intelligence. The mind is manifested in the fact that I have sought to develop their own relationship to any phenomena, independently of their estimated available to me with his perspective and set of information about any event.
For example, I did not go with the boys to kill a cat in a typical age. I'm smart enough, and some internal moments to understand the act of vandalism. In literature classes, even though I put there two, I almost tears flowed when she scolded us for culture to erudition, knowledge of oversaturation. I was smart enough to teach math. I only had two triples in the certificate, the remaining five. I was a high achiever, was simply incapable of language. "
Dubovets: The very first transmission of this series Genyk Marinkina talked about how one day a failure parnatovtsami came to philologists. With what actually occurred Artisan. Artists brought with them not only the mass, but the general mood, and can be, and this is the miracle that we are here talking all the time. In other words, maybe "Parnat" — and it was a miracle that preceded the emergence of Artisan?
Gennady Sokolov Cuba. Bust of Hanicke Marinkina.
Bone"And then a big, huge bow already la
te Sokolov Cuba. This is a person we had a full course of an educational program on the national culture. This was a wise man. Unfortunately, there are not enough.
What has made Skala Cuba in our "Parnatu" — he caught something in my heart, something in the heart has been hurt and woke. And do not even they themselves, much of what he told us. I think it is genetically inherent in different people — love of country. "
Dubovets: It seems that the Sokolov-Cuba told his pupils about the famous, if not commonplace, at present the mind stuff. But parnatovtsami in those days it all sounds like a paradox.
Bone"We knew we say that BC was sewage in Rome, and here — our Belarusian civilization! ..
Where there is consciousness was taken? There is a remarkable study, conducted by my classmates Andrei Rodionov. Parnat — this is a very interesting project according to the concept incredibly exciting project. Collect from Belarus talented children — and to educate them in the fifth grade to eleventh, so they have turned artists. Prior to this project has to do with the alleged one of the Belarusian Parisiennes — Nadia Leger. And there gathered awesome people. All our Belarusian artists, a whole generation of very interesting people. And there in the "Parnate" this year 1975-76, they have tried to raise the issue of the Belarusian language as the language of instruction. They are there to disperse, repressed, all suffered for it. This act worthy of the biblical context. Injured for culture, for language.
We talked little, a lot of drawing, a lot of sculpted. This is a completely different psychological formation of the person. Artists have little to say, especially parnatovtsy, but they look very carefully. And the collection of visual information much more efficient for, say, a text analysis. Once looked — and everyone understood. More talk is not necessary. Visual way of thinking.
Taught us a high-level people, art. Kirill greens. This is a man who grew up in the Hermitage. Could just walk down the street, stop him — and he will give a lecture on the history of art …
The musicians were. Classes twins were constantly going. Art class and music class. And we could ever compare yourself. Here are musicians, and we are. Continuing the sounds of the nearby housing. We sit draw, and there worked through some musical phrase. And it is filled with all the air …
Maystrovtsy on the way to the event. Maladzechna, spring 1984.
I think that artists are more truthful in its essence. And the priority, for example, the political situation on his true view of life is impossible. Artists can not ever be faithful to the political situation. If he speaks Belarusian, it will be under all operating conditions to do so. If they know the culture, it is for them to remain culture. If they see cultural moment, it is more important for them to be political moment. And so the artists are more constant in their devotion to the national culture. "
Dubovets: What is the difference between the current politics of the one that was in the 1980s, and led eventually to the independence of the country? The fact that that activity was completely motivated by culture. Indeed, the political changes necessary for the development of national culture in the broadest sense of the word. Freedom and democracy — the means for this development, to achieve full-fledged living conditions of the people. And today's culture of political activity is not motivated. Someone takes to piyaranne international standards as something absolute, perfect and final. Someone holds a political campaign in Russian and explains this by saying that "people do not speak Belarusian," and in fact, the result, is poured into the process of Russification. It's so destroyed the boundary between their native meledyyay and motives of the neighboring country. Someone openly involved in politics, as in business or self-promotion.
Recent history — our own — gives us a lot of material and lessons that need to be formulated. One of them reads: In Belarus, it makes sense and the chance of success is the only political activity that is motivated by culture.
Room opening Jazepa Drozdovich in a workers' hostel. Maladzechna, spring 1984. Ales Kostka first on the right.
BEST CHILDREN FOR PARENTS
Bone"But the young people present, our youth, it is much more conscious than we were. In quantitative and qualitative terms. For them, there is no question if you need a Belarusian language, which we floated like to write with his bag. Here it is clear that the Belarusian language is needed but — we do not talk to her yet, but we are able, and if necessary, we talk. And we want to talk, and apparently we'll talk soon. Well, just now we do not talk …
They are not pragmatists, they are just more laid back. We thought at the time that all of us dependent, who if not us … And then — we live our own lives, we are engaged culture, respect Belarusian, Belarusian culture. And enough. I think that they will develop the culture and respect it. "
DubovetsAll true, but, in my opinion, between the desire to speak Belarusian and real speaking, there is not that void, but some tension, which is not consistent with the image of a quiet life. The language issue continues to be politicized, but gradually this politicization and leaves. When she finally leave the language alone, then perhaps those who actually speaks Belarusian, there will be more, at least among the intelligentsia.
But today, to speak, still have to overcome the barrier, and this again can make one, whose consciousness is pointed, rather than generation and not the whole nation together. In other words, if all the young people today are better prepared for belarushchyny than it was in masterful times, it really belarushchyny may still be those who themselves toryts his way, not with the generation or all nations. Here is how this situation Arina Vecherka:
Arina Vyachorka. The picture of Artem-terminated.
Arina"It is very important when there is continuity. Because then people get better quality and higher quality our Belarus. We are not as high quality as our children. We are more fundamental, original, than our children. But they are better. Both Belarus will make more quality. Why do I say that? Because we were in themselves, in their own way to come to Belarus. And it was so, that you looked in the mirror and said, I Byelorussian, why I do not speak your native language? Just each asked myself questions. Secondly, everyone was going to the library, looking to meet the right people. Everyone was making his way. "
Dubovets: Maystrovtsy walking this path have distinct advantages over those who have taken to overcome the language barrier today. After all, there was a feeling in maystrovtsav mission they perform for the first time. After all, it was preceded by many years of silence, the accumulation of national power, which handed in their voices broke out. In today's youth is not such a reserve. She is calmer and quality, will come to the language in some other way. For example, if a language problem will disappear completely power struggle. But this will be the unknown. Elena Anisim says that we can only hope so.
Elena anise. Th
e picture of Artem-terminated.
Helena"I do not speak for my guys, I can not say. They grew up totally independent person, but as long as they are in search of themselves. For them, a lot of temptations — this time. Secondly, the concept of freedom — it is so complex and multifaceted and challenging that … for me they have not yet gone. So, you know, I myself to nobody came from parents. I myself blazed his way. I do not what influence, but some of my peers have given impetus. Therefore, I think the young people it is important that the example of their own people of his generation, his age. And when they are connected to some of this wave — plus age and something that unites them, then it gives such a result, as our Craftsman. "
Dubovets: In this situation, the crucial role played by external circumstances, the overall social climate and attitudes of the system to displays belarushchyny. After all, the principle of free choice can lead to a loss of cultural continuity between generations of parents and children — of what regrets Alina Sadovskaya:
Alina Borisevich (Sadovskaya). The picture of Artem-terminated.
Alina"I sing to myself. My children, unfortunately, are not interested.'s Not their culture."
Dubovets: To compare the situation thirty years ago, and today, it is worth mentioning the first in the modern history of Belarus a protest organized by maystrovtsami in 1984.
Bone"We came to the rehearsals, but it turned out that the demolition of the first Belarusian theater. Well? Well, let's go. Was Julia Liskova. I remember that we Liskova ran home, wrote plyakatsik" destroyed monuments of history. "They came, unfurled. Came police, landed in Bobby, and we wrote it explained. Pavnochki. Once there was nowhere to go to sleep. And that's when I met Oleg Bembel. He cherished me on Nochka then fed …
We were not afraid katalazhak. We were not beaten. Treated not as some bandits there. Have written protocols. Long quizzed different questions, the KGB, apparently. Oh, and dashed off to the Academy, "the cart." I immediately "otmazatsya" has teachers. And there were no problems. "Otmazatsya" easily. They have come … So he stood in the picket, staged a demonstration there. And for that demonstration, asked? But demolishing the old building. Well, I was right. That's all. This Taras Nikolaevich empty. He is now eighty-odd years. "
Dubovets: It is difficult to compare the times with today's artistically according to freedom and democracy. On the one hand, and then could "easily otmazatsya" (even though we know that Larissa Simakovich paid the price for the picket studies at the Conservatory), now, in the opinion of Ales Bones, the student would not be possible.
Bone"He is much less likely to stay at the academy than I had. Because very tough political environment is monitored. A student can not participate in the opposition."
Dubovets: In other words, the teacher Bone Bone student today would not "otmazatsya." On the other hand, in today's Belarus, liberty, supposedly, is much greater than it was then. At the very least, there are alternative media and opposition groups. With regard to the principles of the teacher, they are in the imagination Ales bones have not changed since parnatavskih and college days.
Bone"The students we sing songs. My course knows the song. We we carry them, for example, in Ukraine. Arriving in Ukraine is much better fosters national consciousness than, say, any action for years in lectures. One arrival. They immediately begin to speak Belarusian everything. then at the stake some teenagers come from Poltava and instead swear, sing Ukrainian songs. After forcing everyone else to sing my songs …
Of course, I am teaching in Belarusian.
Artisan spending Christmas in Belarusian Minsk school classroom number 108, December 29, 1983. Ales Kostka first on the right.
Of course there have been changes. The dramatic changes. Because in the nineties was simply not interested in engaging in politics. 1991-1993. Because at that time there were, in my opinion, all the political changes necessary for the development of the national culture. And since 1997, has not been as it were, and no meaning, no way to make some changes in our country. And culture is degraded. In the opposite direction.
Well, not only intellectuals that this can be done! A bunch of ran in Minsk, was running. Two thousand people, I know them all. They are still going on March 25 near the Academy of Sciences. But there are only two.
Medals and poultry
Artisan — it's the person in the first place. Prior to the arrival of the Ivashkevicha she was such folk hangouts. Where Vintsuk knew the Belarusian language, where Sokolov wrote poetry and it was both interesting and fun. It was then, in 1983, twenty-one years already.
Very strong personality Vintsuk Vyachorka, incomprehensible gipermozg. His language skills are constantly amazed. Nuances! Do not Make Mistakes! Me as an artist it's annoying, because my life — every step of the error. Vintsuk — a man with no errors. Too smart and affordable for the perception of people. Some of Russian politicians was the prime minister … such a boy in glasses. Kiriyenko. This is the same problem, a psychological moment. "
Abbreviation BSDM on the reverse side of the coin master — Belarusian Singing and Dramatic Artisan.
Dubovets: Parnatovtsami and other artists in the Artisan, of course, assumed the design of mass holidays — wrote posters, medals were made of clay, birds and many other different details. And since the image, as they say, details and created, no one masterful triumph impossible to imagine without it, it loses its finality. However, looking at the artists themselves that their work more altruistic. Ales Kostka allocates Artisan rather its political component.
Bone"I like that Artisan still resulted in a political movement. Phenomenon was, I think is great.
It was very bright and very beautiful composition. This whole team. And what they did. And as it grew into a talaq and other associations … "
During talakovskaga Water Rally 'Dvina-Daugava "in 1987.