The structure of the female genital organs

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Female sex organs are divided into external (vulva) and internal. Internal pudendal authorities shall ensure conception, exterior participate in the sexual act and are responsible for the sexual feelings.

The internal genital organs include the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. To the outside — pubis, large and small labia, the clitoris, the threshold vagina, large vestibule glands (Bartholin glands). The boundary between the external and internal genitalia is the hymen, and after the onset of sexual activity — its leftovers.


Pubis (Lady's hump, moon mound) — the lower portion of the anterior abdominal wall of women, slightly rising thanks to a well-developed subcutaneous fat layer. The area has a pronounced pubic hair growth, which is usually darker than the color, and appearance is a triangle with a sharply defined upper horizontal border and the apex pointing downward. Labia (lips shameful) — folds of skin located on both sides of the gender gap and the vestibule. Distinguish between large and small labia

The labia majora — skin fold thickness which is a fat rich in cellulose. The skin of the labia majora has a lot of sweat and sebaceous glands and at puberty the outside is covered with hair. In the lower parts of the labia majora are Bartholin gland. In the absence of sexual stimulation of the labia usually are closed in the midline, which provide mechanical protection for the urethra and the vagina.

Labia arranged between the labia majora in the form of two thin delicate skin folds pink restriction vestibule. They have a large number of sebaceous glands, blood vessels and nerve endings, which allows us to consider their feelings of sexual organ. Small lips come together over the clitoris, forming a skin fold, called the clitoral prepuce. When sexually aroused labia are saturated with blood and become elastic rollers, narrows the vaginal opening, which increases the intensity of sexual sensation with the introduction of the penis.

Clitoris— A female external genitalia, located at the upper ends of the labia minora. This unique body whose sole function is to collect and concentrate the sexual feelings. The size and appearance of the clitoris have individual differences. Length — about 45 mm, but in some women it reaches 1 cm or more. When sexually aroused clitoris increases in size.

Vestibule — slot-like space bounded laterally by small labia, in front — the clitoris, back — posterior commissure of the labia. On top of the vestibule covered hymen or its remnants. In the vestibule opens the external opening of the urethra, located between the clitoris and the vaginal opening. Vestibule is very sensitive to touch and at the time of sexual arousal engorged with blood, forming a resilient flexible "cuff", which is moistened secrets large and small glands (vaginal lubrication) and opens the entrance to the vagina.

Bartholin's gland (Large gland vestibule) located in the interior of the labia majora at their base. The value of a gland about 1.5-2 cm glands during sexual arousal and intercourse secrete sticky grayish protein-rich fluid (vaginal fluid, grease).

The structure of the female genital organs

The internal reproductive organs

The vagina (vaginitis)— The internal female sexual organ that is involved in the process of sexual intercourse, and childbirth is a part of the birth canal. Length of the vagina in women, on average, 8 cm, but some of it may be long (10-12 cm) or shorter (6 cm). Inside the vagina is lined with a mucous membrane with a large number of folds, which allows it to stretch during childbirth.

Ovaries— The female sex glands from birth to them more than a million immature eggs. In the ovaries are also produced hormones estrogen and progesterone. Thanks to the continuous cyclic change in the content of these hormones in the body, as well as the release of hormones by the pituitary gland occur oocyte maturation and their subsequent withdrawal from the ovaries. This process is repeated approximately every 28 days. The release of an egg is called ovulation. In the immediate vicinity of each fallopian tube is an ovary.

Fallopian tubes (fallopian tubes) —Two hollow tubes with holes extending from the ovaries to the uterus and open at its upper part. At the ends of the tubes near the ovaries are the villi. When an egg is released from the ovary, the villi its continuous movements try to capture it and drive into the tube so that it can continue the way to the uterus.

Uterus -a hollow body with a pear shape. It is located in the pelvis. During pregnancy, the uterus increases with the growth of the fetus. The walls of the uterus are composed of layers of muscles. With the onset of labor and during labor reduces the muscle of the uterus, the cervix is stretched and expanded, and the fruit is pushed into the birth canal.

Cervix constitute its lower portion with a passage connecting the cavity of the uterus and vagina. During labor, the cervix becomes thinner walls, mouth of the cervix expands and takes the form of a circular hole with a diameter of about 10 centimeters, due to this it is possible to output the fetus from the uterus into the vagina.

The structure of the female genital organs


Hymen (Hymen) — a thin fold of mucous membrane in virgins, located at the entrance of the vagina between the internal and external genitals. Each girl has an individual, but her inherent features of the hymen. In the hymen has one or more apertures of varying size and shape, through which menstrual blood is released.

The first time you have sex there is a rupture of the hymen (deflowering), usually with the release of a small amount of blood, sometimes with a sense of pain. At the age of 22 years less elastic membrane than at a young age, so deflowering young girls usually occurs more easily and with less blood loss, frequent incidents of sexual acts, and without breaking the hymen. Breaks the hymen can be profound, with profuse bleeding, or surface, with minor spotting. Sometimes too elastic hymen breaks does not occur in this case deflowering occurs without pain and bleeding. After birth, the hymen is completely destroyed, leaving only some of its patches.

The absence of the girl's blood defloration not cause jealousy or suspicion, since it is necessary to take into account specific features of the structure of the female genital organs.

In order to reduce the pain from defloration and prolong sexual intercourse, you can use greases containing drugs that reduce pain sensitivity of the vaginal mucosa.

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