Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis.  Collage MedPortal.ru

What is it?

Toxoplasmosis — a disease caused by a single-celled parasite Toxoplasma (Toxoplasma gondii).

Fairly widespread throughout the world.

The source of toxoplasmosis are cats. The fact that sexual reproduction Toxoplasma occur only in the cells lining the intestines of cats. Toxoplasma eggs (oocysts) are excreted in the feces of the animal and can be swallowed by livestock and other animals.

Human infections in close contact with the cat, the use of infected raw meat, as well as through contact with soil containing oocysts that have come there with cat feces.

Pregnant toxoplasmosis can be transmitted through the placenta to the fetus.

What if this happens?

There are several forms toxoplasmosis.

The symptoms of lung lymph toxoplasmosis similar to the manifestation of infectious mononucleosis. There is a swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck and axillary areas, there is a feeling of general malaise, muscle pain, intermittent fever. Possible mild anemia, decreased blood pressure, increased number of lymphocytes and decreased white blood cell count.

In chronic toxoplasmosis observed inflammation of internal structures of the eye.

Acute disseminated toxoplasmosis appears as a rash, fever and pronounced depletion. Most often this form toxoplasmosis in people with reduced immunity. In the worst case, this form is manifested in patients with AIDS who are Toxoplasma can spread throughout the body. It develops inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), which leads to paralysis, seizures, headaches, and coma.

It is extremely dangerous toxoplasmosis in pregnant women. Congenital toxoplasmosis newborns can be severe and result in death. Often, however, congenital toxoplasmosis is not immediate, but after a few months or even years. Among the symptoms — inflammation of the eye, leading to blindness, severe jaundice, convulsions, impaired development of the skull bones, mental retardation.

Diagnosis and treatment

Diagnosis is based on analysis of the blood in which the blood reveal the presence of antibodies against Toxoplasma. For serious violations, a computer tomography (CT) or Magnetic Resonance Imaging imaging (MRI) of the brain.

The majority of adults with normal immune system disease resolves on its own, if you do not hit the vital organs and is not involved in the process whole body.

In newborns and people with weakened immune systems and the treatment of toxoplasmosis necessarily done only under medical supervision.

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