Tremor, which is defined shake the whole body or parts of it may be short-lived state of a healthy person (for example, in heavy seas, fear), but it may be a symptom of certain diseases of the nervous system, including the very serious. On the types of tremor, we'll discuss later.
Tremor, which has no apparent reason, or benign, is perhaps the most common motor disorder. It is called the family, juvenile or senile. However, the tremor is not always benign and may be very hard, and half the time there is no indication of its family character. There is, as a rule, in youth or adolescence. Usually begins with one hand, then spreads to the other. Chance tremor of the head, chin, tongue, body and legs occasionally. A person can write, hold a cup, a spoon and other items. Tremor is enhanced by the excitement and the use of alcohol. Shake is most pronounced when the arms are extended forward. If the process involves the muscles of the tongue and throat, then it is broken. Gait is not changed. Treating this type of tremor in most cases is not required. If tremor occurs only when the emotional strain, the limited single dose of drugs with sedative and hypnotic effects.
Can also be worn to be benign in nature and manifestation of heredity, increased anxiety, diseases of the thyroid gland. This type of tremor also provoke abstinence (breaking) as a result of alcohol or drugs (cocaine, heroin). An overdose of certain drugs or chemicals poisoning can also cause a "vibrating conveyor." It could be drugs, expand the bronchi, some psychotropic drugs, or poisoning by salts of heavy metals (such as mercury). Postural tremor melkorazmashisty always, it is best visible when a man pulls his hands and fingers rastopyrivat. Does not disappear when driving increases with the concentration of attention (when the patient tries to reduce it).
Usually appears in diseases of the cerebellum. It is characterized by coarse krupnorazmashistymi movements that are not at rest and appear in targeted movements, especially at the end. A patient in a standing position with arms outstretched and eyes closed can not get up the nose. The greatest concern is the type of tremor called asterixis (flepping-tremor). Its cause may be: Wilson's disease (a serious hereditary disease, wherein in the blood, liver and brain tissues accumulate copper), hepatic or renal insufficiency, secondary brain damage. Motion in it that look like the flapping of wings — a slow spasmodic flexion and extension of limbs due to inability to maintain a certain posture.
All of the above types tremor are relatively rare. But Parkinson's disease, the main Flowers Fruits which is usually the tremor,- disease frequent, especially in the elderly (mean age of onset — 60 years). Parkinson's disease usually develops gradually, and tremor is usually the first sign. But there are times when he is absent or expressed slightly. Parkinson's disease often causes other diseases disability, it is not curable, but the power of modern medicine greatly slow down its development. The effectiveness of treatment depends on the stage of the disease, so when a tremor should not delay seeking medical attention.