Arkona — the ancient shrine of the Slavs

West Slavic Baltic tribes (Wendy), settled between the Elbe (Labe), the Oder (Odra) and the Vistula, reached a high development of IX-X centuries AD, built on an island wound (Rügen) sacred city of temples Akron, which holds for all Baltic Slavs role of Slavic Mecca and Delphic Oracle. Slavic tribe runs formed in their midst priestly caste (like Indian Brahmins or Babylonian Chaldean), and no serious military-political matter was not addressed other Slavic tribes without consulting with injuries.

Wounds (ruany) owned Runes Wend tradition schedule is very different from the known major and minor runes (and probably the term is derived from the Slavic wounds hurt, that is, cut runes on wooden boards). Construction of temples and the rise of the pagan culture of the Vendian response by ethnicity was Slavic priestly elites for the ideological cohesion Baltic Slavs against the force of Frankish expansion first, and then the German and Danish invaders who carried out under the banner of the Christianization of systematic genocide of the Slavic population and exile him from their territories. By XIII-XIV centuries under intense pressure from the Danish and German crusaders Slavic principality Heavenly, Mecklenburg, Brandenburg and others fell, and Vendian Baltic Slavic ethnic group ceased to exist.
We present to Western chroniclers (Adam of Bremen, driving Bamberg, Titmara Merzeburgskogo) of paganism Baltic Slavs.

Arkona was built on a high rocky shore of the island of Rügen and from the Baltic Sea was impregnable. The town has many temples all tribal Slavic gods. The main god was Svyatovit Arkona, whose idol was installed in a special temple. Idol was huge, taller than a man, with four heads in four separate necks with cropped hair and beard cut off. Four heads, seem to symbolize the power of God over the four cardinal directions (as the four winds), and four-season time, that is the god of cosmic space-time (similar to the Roman Janus). In his right hand was holding the idol horn inlaid different metals and annually filled with wine, his left arm was bent dugoyu and rested against the side. Horn symbolized the power of God over the yield and fertility, that is, as the god of life and power plant. Near the idol were a bridle, saddle and a huge battle sword and shield (the symbols of the god of war). The church stood the sacred banner Svyatovit called stanitsa. This village was honored as the wound itself Svyatovit and carrying it in front of him in a campaign or battle, considered themselves under the cover of his god (battle flag can also attribute as a symbol of the god of war).


After the harvest in Akron came together and brought a lot of people a lot of wine for the victims and feast. Apparently it was in September, in Slavic — Ryuen where the second name of the island Ruyan. On the eve of the holiday Svyatovit priest with a broom in his hand entered into the inner sanctuary, and, holding his breath, so as not to pollute the deity clean Vimetal floor. Broom and sweeping symbolically signify the end of the cycle time, in this case, annual, for the next day held a guessing on the cake, similar to the East Slavic Christmas carols.

This means that the priests used heavenly September vremyaischisleniya style (year starting from the autumn equinox). The next day, in the presence of all the people from the hands of the priest took out the idol Svyatovit horn with wine and carefully examined it, predicted to be or not to be for the next crop year. Pouring old wine at the feet of the idol, the priest's horn filled with new wine and drained it in one gulp, asking myself and all the best to the people. Then he poured the horn again and put the new wine of his idol's hand. After that brought the idol of sweet dough pie higher than a man. Priest was hiding behind the cake and ask the people whether it is seen. When told that the only visible pie, the priest asks God to, and the next year they could make the same cake. Finally, the name Svyatovit priest blesses the people, continue to punish honor arkonskogo God, promising to reward an abundance of fruit, victory at sea and on land. Then all drinking and eating to satiety, because abstinence was made for the offense deity.

Arkon also visited for divination. When the temple was kept sacred horse Svyatovit, white suit with long, never mow mane and tail.
Only one priest Svyatovit could feed and get on the horse, which runs on the belief itself Svyatovit fought against their enemies. Through the horse and wondered before the war. Acolytes stuck before the temple three pairs of copies at a distance from each other, to each pair binds the third spear across. Priest, saying the solemn prayer, the conclusion of the horse by the bridle and led the passage of the temple on crossed spears. If the horse through all the spears first set foot right foot, then his left, it was considered a lucky omen. If the horse walked with his left foot first, then the hike is canceled. Three pairs of copies may symbolically reflected the will of the gods at a guessing heaven and on earth and underground (3 kingdoms on Russian fairy tales).

Thus, the main character, oracle Arkonskogo cult is fighting giant horse Svyatovit white suit — "Yar horse" where possible and gave the name of the Holy City "Ar-Law" that is, an ardent horse or city Hellfire horse.

In addition to the functions of the oracle-prophet horse Svyatovit also performs the role of a biological indicator of vitality phase state at a given time. If the horse was lathered with confused and disheveled hair, the phase of the life force was considered negative (depressive) and the planned trip is canceled. If the horse was in excellent physical condition (PASSIONARITY), then the intended march to bless.

Unfortunately, the literature does not give a clear answer to this method of divination: the one — horse the night before guessing is in the temple, on the other — the priest (or itself Svyatovit) all night jumping on top of him.

Arkonsky temple became the main sanctuary of the Slavic Pomeranian, the center of Slavic paganism. According to common belief, the Baltic Slavs, arkonsky God gave the most famous victories, the most accurate prophecy. Therefore, for the sacrifices and for divination Slavs flocked here from all sides of Pomerania. Everywhere brought him gifts for the discipline of not only individuals, but whole tribes. Each tribe has sent him an annual tribute to the victims. The temple was a large estate, which provided him an income in favor of its duties collected from merchants who traded in Akron, with industrialists lovivshih herring off the island of Rügen. He was offered a third of prisoners of war, all the jewels, gold, silver and pearls, obtained in the war. Therefore, the temple stood chests full of treasures. At the Church of the permanent retinue of 300 knights on white horses, military, equipped with heavy weaponry chivalrous. This retinue was involved campaigns, withdrawing in favor of a third temple production.

Phenomenon arkonskogo temple resembles the Greek oracle at Delphi. The analogy goes further: how to send gifts to Delphi and asked for predictions of the foreigners, and in the church have hired arkonsky rulers of neighboring nations. For example, the Danish king Sven donated temple golden cup.

Reverence entertained tribes Baltic Slavs arkonskoy shrine unwittingly carried over to the runs that were so close to the shrine.

Adam of Bremen wrote that the Baltic Slavs law: in matters of common not solve anything and not to take contrary to the opinion of the people of Paradise, so much afraid of runs for their connection with the gods.

Sanctuary like Arkonskomu existed in Szczecin, where there was an idol Triglav in Volegosche, where there was an idol Yarovita and in other cities. Triglav sanctuary is at the highest of the three hills on which the city of Szczecin. The walls of the sanctuary from the inside and outside were covered with colored carvings depicting people and animals. Three-headed statue of the god was removed gold. The priests claimed that the three heads — a symbol of power of God over the three realms — heaven, earth and hell. In the temple, to be disarmed, mined in wars, and prescribed by law tenth of the spoils taken in battles at sea and on land. It also kept the gold and silver cups that are imposed except on holidays, from which they drank and were wondering lords and nobles, gilded and decorated with precious stones horns, swords, knives and other objects of worship.

In Szczecin and sacred horse was dedicated to Triglav. No one could sit on it. Took care of him one of the priests. With this horse committed divination before going for what spear stuck in the ground and made his horse to step over them.

The third center of paganism in the Baltic Slavs was a city in the land Radigosch ratarey. According to the description Titmara Merzeburgskogo city was among a forest on the bank of the lake Dolenjska. This forest was considered sacrosanct. Inside the city, which were three gates, and there was only one wooden sanctuary, whose walls were decorated with horns of animals outside, but from within the thread with images of gods and goddesses. In the sanctuary were menacing statues of the gods, wearing helmets and armor, and first among them had been the idol Svarozhich, revered by all Slavs.

Prominent shrine was also the temple or Ruevita Yarovita in Volegosche (town god Veles) in Pomerania. The value of this god is clearly defined words that are on the story of the life of Saint-transhumance Bambergs who spoke on behalf of God to the priest: "I am your God, I'm the one that puts bread fields and forests with leaves, fruit fields and gardens. The fruits of living, and all that is to the good man — in my power. "

Ruyev represented with seven persons in one head, seven swords in scabbards were tied to his belt, and the eighth he held in his right hand.
The image and the name of the function Ruevita indicate that he was a god reference calendar biorhythm vitality as days of the week, and the seven-day intervals, starting from the date of the autumnal equinox (Ryuen). Every day of the week in ancient times has your emotional and physiological characteristics and coloring (with his sword and his face). Countdown biorhythms vitality from the moment of birth, the women's account, left a seven-day weeks and ends in death — a sword in his right hand and a skull (symbols of death).
In East Slavic traditions such functions are performed by Velez, god of the underworld (chthonic) vitality.

Ruevita idol was dedicated point to which no one dared to touch and which are carried out of the temple only during the war, and people either moved away or fell prostrate on the ground. Removal of the shield from the temple (the same as the disclosure of the temple gate) conditional mean breaking land and light it fertile vitality contributing victory over enemies (shield — conditional symbol of the earth.)

Idol Ruevita with idols and Porevita Porenuta standing in princely residence Karentii runs. According to the news that will drive away the life of the saint by the name of the same god Yarovita (Gerovita) honored gavolyane, coping after his special holiday. According Titmara Merzeburgskogo in the Baltic Slavs were many temples and gods, equal to the number of their parishes.

In 1166 the Danish King Waldemar with his troops and auxiliary units and bodritskogo Pomeranian princes (vassals) finally conquered the island of Rügen, a former stronghold of Slavic paganism and sea robberies. All pagan temples and shrines were destroyed.

Of West arkonsky cult Svyatovit the conquest of East Baltic lands Vityaz got a new name — the cult of Perun, or, in vulgar, Bjelobog. The prince's retinue as the main carrier of the cult of the prince's retinue, Perun was a caste name rus (Rus — blond, bright, white — the color caste war god Perun-Bjelobog is both a cosmic god light hours). Land controlled by the prince's retinue, collecting dues or tribute from the people of the land, called the Russian land. A princely retinues called Ruthenians.

For East Slavic tribes tribal system, engaged in agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing, hunting, fur and extracting the honey, mainly peasant caste god was Veles (Chernobog) — patron of agricultural activities, livestock and soil fertility, and there was a separate caste of priests, the wise men of Veles.

Belobog (Perun) was familiar with the Eastern Slavs, but carried over Vélez secondary functions as a giver of thunder and rain, as it and prayed in the dry season.

Unlike the Baltic Slavs, filibuster (the island of Rügen) and attacks on its neighbors, why they got the name chronicles Varangian Rus, the eastern Slavs by their peasant way of life is less in need of god of war.

The conquest of the Baltic lands of East Slavic prince caste Brigade war god Perun-Belobog was proclaimed supreme and peasant Velez Chernobog secondary, which was recorded in the treaty of the Russian princes and the Greeks: "And Olek klyasya on its law and hair idol Perun CATTLE a god. "

First, to the organization of the princely retinue, down to the East Slavic lands, both god and Belobog Chernobog — like were equal as God's Day (good) and the god of Night (evil). Maybe Black god Veles in function to the god of fertility and vitality among the peasants worshiped above.

The same is observed in the Christian era: the peasant Nicola Ugodnik (Deputy Veles) revered higher than Elijah the Prophet (Vice-Perun the Thunderer).

In connection with the above, try to clarify the origin of the term "White Russia", primarily associated with the occurrence of the Principality of Polotsk and develops its territory arkonskogo Svyatovit cult. In the Russian chronicles in the year 980 is the record: "Be Bo came Rogovolod s Zamora and hath power Polotstse. A ins with him vydie Tour and tyi in Turov of worthless and Turovtsev prozvashasya. "

Around this same period is the conquest of the German knights of the Slavic lands under Henry I and driving away I (919-973 gg.). Ziva and Baltic Slavic lands were divided into 18 German Margraviate the ecclesiastical obedience to Bishop Magdeburg. NMKaramzin mentions kinship between Pomerania and the Prince of Polotsk. Very names-nicknames Rogovolod Polotsk prince and his daughter Rogneda point to a possible connection with the cult arkonskim Svyatovit (keep fertility horn in hand).

Thus, we can assume that the origin of the term "White Russia" is due to the displacement of Germans from the Baltic Slavic Pomeranian Pomeranian princes who brought arkonsky cult in Polotsk in his conquest in 980.

An important argument in favor of the assumption of the hypothesis is the observation Zbruch idol Svyatovit in Ternopil region.

Promotion Arkonskogo cult on the Eastern Slav lands can be traced to a number of characters and scenes of East Slavic folklore:

— Fighting giant white horse suit in the epics and tales of bringing luck and victory to the owner and at the same time having the properties oracle, soothsayer;

— Referred to in the tales of the heroic "sword-kladenets";

— The magic bridle (horse Svyatovit) with the properties hold evil spirits;

— Horseshoe (conditional symbol horse Svyatovit), nailed to the door "for luck" and to ward off evil spirits;

— The character of the white horse (sometimes a horse's head on a stick) in the Christmas Carols ceremony;

— Christmas divination rural girls of the impending marriage by a white horse to step over the shafts;

— The image of a carved horse head on the roof of the home, horse.

In the Russian legend allusive language of symbols shown power transmission Russian Perun (Ilya Muromets) from arkonskogo Svyatovit (Svyatogora), as well as the Pomeranian Triglav (three cups of wine is green).

We conclude with the main conclusion that the origins of Russian pagan pre-Christian culture back to the sanctuary arkonskomu Rügen, which in all Russian conspiracy called the island of Buyan.

Arkona … fortified town … Holy symbol of protection and support of the Slavs. Nor any other Slavic shrine had not been so well described in the press as the one that was in Rugii — an island in the Baltic Sea. This is due to its holiness and power. Ancient relic, which she threw on the knees of the European monarchs and conquered peoples. And the harder you know about her last tragic days …
The fate of Arkona — slavyan ancient shrine.

Arkona … fortified town … Holy symbol of protection and support of the Slavs. Nor any other Slavic shrine had not been so well described in the press as the one that was in Rugii — an island in the Baltic Sea. This is due to its holiness and power. Ancient relic, which she threw on the knees of the European monarchs and conquered peoples. And the harder you know about her last tragic days …

A? Then from 6632 S.M.Z.H.
1123-1124 years BC Obodritov Prince Henry asked for help from the Emperor Lothair, to make war on Rugiyu and avenge the death of his son, who was killed Ruyan. Ruyan, seeing the advantage of the enemy, sent a priest to negotiate. Price of a peace treaty was high — 4400 marks the ransom. Ruyan not have that kind of money, according Gelmold, and pays tribute to the shrine in Akron from the treasury Svetovita.
Prince Henry felt cheated when weighing silver, but the money had already been paid. And war broke out again, but Ruyan prevailed.

A? Then from 6636 S.M.Z.H.
1128 AD Despite military aid Rugii was Christened Szczecin.

A? Then from 6644 S.M.Z.H.
1136 AD King Eric made a crusade against the Slavs, triggering a major war. Rugiya was all ruined. Eric took Akron, blocking access to drinking water advocates. Ruyan hid the sacred statue Svetovita when hope has faded for help, and the Crusaders besieging troops cut off from the city of strengthening access to water. Seeking salvation for his people, they succumbed to the requirements of the king pretended to convert to Christianity and adopted the "voluntary-compulsory" baptism — washed their bodies and quench your thirst in the nearest pond. Danes, leaving, left the fortress priest, that he oversaw the grafted new faith.
But as soon as the soldiers Erika sank the ships and sailed to Denmark, was kicked out of the gate Arkona priest … Ruyan again be free to honor their mother Svetovita God.

A? Then from 6655 S.M.Z.H.
1147 AD Ruyan saved pagan prince obodritov Niklota by sending its navy to help him, during one of the crusade against the Slavs. But the forces were no longer the same. The small island in the Baltic Sea is not only surrounded by rough waves, but also by hostile states, dominated by an alien for Slavs iudohristianskaya ideology.

A? Then from 6668 S.M.Z.H.
In 1160 AD Prince Rugii Tetyslav began talks with Valdemar I the Great — the lord of Denmark, as well as Absalon — the Bishop of Roskilde. As a result, the peace treaty with Denmark, and in 1162 Ruyan even supported the Danes at the siege Vologoschi. Bishop Absalon took part in the council soon Ruyan, which suggested the adoption of Christianity Rugii residents. Prince Rugii supported the proposal, as it was in his own interest, because the power of the prince was severely limited by the priests Svetovita and Christianization would eliminate all the priestly caste of the political game (like "wise" thoughts came the princes of the East Slavs during the Christianization of X- XII centuries, and even now some of the modern "Slavic warriors" far removed from the thinking Tetyslava). Prince Ruyan gave the priests and the people, who in 1166 was the only one in the Baltic Slavic tribe, which is free stuck Native Vry.

A? Then from 6676 S.M.Z.H.
May 19, 1168, led by Danish King Valdemar I and Bishop Absalon landed on Rugii. Together with them, landed troops Saxon Duke Henry the Lion, which led the Knyazhichi Casimir and Bohuslav, obodritsky Prince Pribyslav and Bernie — Bishop of Mecklenburg.
So, the king attacked Rugiyu with many soldiers and besieged the city of Akron, Bay suburb of rivers of blood. The city was not easy to take the height of the walls to the shaft reached 27.15 meters and stone machinery could not overcome them. There was hope for a long siege, and the fact that the defenders did not have enough drinking water. Besieged, self-confident, have covered the tower above the gate flags and eagles. Between them and the page was — a military banner Ruyan, which last was honored as the flag of all the gods.
June 12, 1168 during an attack, was set on fire tower and gate, and a small amount of water is not allowed to put out the fire. Some residents, being in a desperate situation, thrown into the fire, not wanting to be slaves. The king ordered to make a chair to place surveys and sat in it to watch. The city fell in Veylet 23 numbers, L? 6676 that from the Creation in the Star? Zdnom Temple.

Danish chronicler Saxo Grammaticus (Saxo Grammaticus 1140-1208) wrote a 16-volume chronicle of the "Acts of the Danes» (Gesta Danorum), which describes the history of Denmark from the earliest times to the XII century, and the history of some of the other Nordic countries, including Western Slavic. In particular, this book describes the Arkona (or as we now call it the Germans — Yaromarsburg (Jaromarsburg)), the capital of the Slavic tribe Ruyan (runs) in the island Ruyan (now Rügen), the Slavic population by the time of its conquest in the XII century, according to Western sources, amounted to at least 70 000 people
Arkona yavlyalyas city-temple, to focus faith Western Slavs. And not only them. Danish king Svein (960-1014) donated to the temple Arkona prey. In the XI century worship his main shrine, quadriceps Svyatovit idol, were pilgrims from two centuries of the Christian as the Czech Republic. Arkona temple became the main religious center of the Slavic Pomeranian in IX-XII centuries. He has an extensive parkland which gave him an income, in favor of a fee collected from the merchants who traded in Akron, with the industrialists, the island lovivshih herrings Ruyan. He was offered a third of prisoners of war, all the jewels, gold, silver and pearls, obtained in the war. Therefore, the temple stood chests full of treasures.
Here, he writes Sakon Grammarian 'City Arkona lies on top of a high rock, from the north, east and south fenced natural protection … on the west side protects the high mound at 50 cubits … the middle of the city is an open area, which stands a wooden church, the beautiful work, but not so much esteemed by the magnificence of architecture as for the grandeur of God, which is erected idol. The entire exterior of the building shone elaborate carvings of various figures, but ugly and rough painted.
Only one entry into the interior of the temple was surrounded by a double fence … In the temple was a large, surpassing the growth of man, an idol (Sventovita) with four heads, necks at the same rate, two of which came out of the chest, and two — to the ridge, but that of both the front and rear of both heads one looking to the right, and the other — to the left. His hair and beard were cut short, and this seemed to be an artist to conform with common Ruyan.
In his right hand was holding the idol horn made of different metals, which each year is usually filled with wine from the hands of the priest for divination of the fertility of the next year, the left hand resembled a bow. Outerwear down to ankle boots, which were made up of various types of trees, and so skilfully were connected to the tribes that only with careful contemplation could distinguish fugue. Feet flat on a level with the ground, their foundation was placed under the floor.
At a small distance could be seen a bridle and saddle idol with other accessories. Considering most striking sword of enormous size, the sheath, which is black, in addition to different forms of the beautiful carved silver finish … Also this god also had temples in many other places, controlled by priests of lesser importance. Also, if it was a horse, it is white, which pull the hair from the mane or tail honored wickedness …
Only one priest has the right to feed and saddle the horse this: the divine animal could not offend frequent use. Ruyan believed Svantevit leaves on this horse to do battle with the enemies of his sanctuary, and their land. And to prove it allegedly served as a fact that it is often found in the morning in a stall covered with sweat and dirt, as if he did a long journey.
Also from the horse taken this prediction. When going to the military campaign, the ministers of the church Svantevit stuck in the ground in front of the sanctuary crosswise six copies, and then summed to them the sacred horse. If he walked through the spear right hoof, it was considered a good omen for the outcome of the war. If ever he first raised the left foot, then abolished the hike in foreign lands. Similarly, the canceled and sea campaign, if the white knight Svantevit goes on the right foot by a spear, and even decisions about business transactions depend on oracle … Sventovita symbolize different signs, in particular, carved eagles and flags, the most important of which was called The village … The power of this small piece of fabric was stronger than the power of the prince … "
Every year the city and sanctuary sacrifices. They took place in late summer, after the harvest. To see how this is an important place for the celebration of the western Slavs, we turn again to the testimony of Saxo Grammaticus:
"Every year after harvest mixed crowd from all over the island, before the temple of God by sacrificing animals, celebrating the solemn feast, named sacred. His priest, contrary to customs of our fathers distinguished long beard and hair, on the eve of the day when properly religious rite, a small sanctuary — where only he could enter — usually with broom cleaned thoroughly, making sure that the room was not human breath. Whenever required to inhale or exhale, he went to the door, so that God's presence would not defile the breath of death.
The next day, when the people standing at the entrance, he took a jar sculptures, carefully watched, did not go down if the level of the liquid poured, and then waited in the coming year of crop failure. Noticing this, he ordered those present to store fruit for the future. If not foresee any decrease normal fertility, predicting the future time of abundance fields. After such an oracle ordered this year's harvest, or thrift, or lavish spending. Pouring old wine at the feet of the idol, as a libation, pouring an empty vessel again: how to drinking for health, read the article, both themselves and the country benefits the citizens of luck to multiply wins solemn words requested. Having finished it, raised a horn to his lips, very quickly, in one gulp drank and filled again with wine, insert it back into the right hand sculptures.
Having made a cake with a honey wine, round shape, size is such that almost amounted to human growth, was about to sacrifice. Putting it between himself and the people, the priest asked the custom, see whether its Ruyan. When they replied that they had seen, the desire to one year could not see. This kind of prayer he asked not about his fate or the people, but on the growth of future crops …
Annually Due to the idol of every man and woman on a coin collection for worship. He also paid a third of the prisoners of war, because it was purchased with it. This God is also in the service of their choice 300 horses and as many riders, the entire production of which, acquired by war or robbery, is under the supervision of the priest, who to the rescue for these things commanded to cast various sacred objects and temple ornaments, its stored in locked rooms where, among a lot of money, collected as many times izvetshavshih purple robes … "
Arkona temple guarded by specially trained soldiers recruited from the noble young men of Slavic birth, which remained a lifelong professional soldiers. There were 300 people on each city-temple, so the battles ahead Polabian troops were 300 knights on horseback, with a single-color horse god, for example, on white horses Svyatovit 300 soldiers, in black — 300 soldiers Triglav. In addition to protecting the holy cities, is in their job was and collecting tribute from the neighboring Baltic tribes and peoples.
Besides Arkona on Ruyan there was another major city for religious services. It was called Korenica. In the XII century it was the residence of the ruler of Ruyan. It was a huge fortress city, surrounded by impassable bogs and swamps, built three-storey wooden buildings.
However, it is known that with the exception of the governor's residence, Korenica was living city like Arkona. People used to go there or to worship the gods, or in time of war, using the city as a refuge. This has been a tradition in Ruyan. Information about the city, we also find in Saxo Grammaticus, when he describes the actions of the Danish invaders, who took Korenica storm in 1168:
"The difference between this city were three buildings of outstanding temples visible sheen of excellent craftsmanship. Dignity of the local gods enjoyed almost as revered as among arkontsev — public authority deity …
The biggest temple stood in the yard, but instead he served purple wall hangings, the roof is based only on the columns. Servants of [the church], break the fence of the yard, took up the inner veil of the temple. And when they were removed, carved oak sculpture, named Rugevitom became evident in his ugliness all around. Swallows that under his mouth made a nest, litter covered his chest. Decent God, whose image is so ugly izmarano birds! In addition, it had seven heads of humanoid entities, all of which were covered with a skull.
The same number of swords in a sheath hanging at his side, depicted the master. Eighth, naked [sword], [God] in his hand, enclosed in a fist, he was very strong nailed iron nail, so it was impossible to remove, not to be cut, which showed its dissection. Its width was greater than life-size, height is such that [Bishop] Absalon, standing on tiptoe, barely took a hatchet to the chin …
This God is honored, just as Mars heads of the forces of war. Nothing funny there was this statue, a sickening coarse features ugly thread … After its destruction, order satellites [Bishop] zealously moved to Porevita statue, which was considered in the nearest temple. He was depicted with five heads, but unarmed. Cut it down, went to the temple Porenuta. This statue represents the four persons, and the fifth was on his chest and touched his forehead left and chin with his right hand. It with the ministers [Bishop] threw punches poleaxes … "
Let me say a few words about the "ugly statues." It is clear that Saxo Grammaticus was a Christian and so all that was not a Christian, it was for him ugly. However, there were other Christian writers who spoke of faith Slavs without arrogant disgust that hurt most of the servants "all-good" Jehovah. Bishop Otto of Bamberg, who visited the country twice Slavic Pomeranians (in 1124 and 1127's.) In order to convert them to Christianity, was amazed at the splendor of the Slavic churches.
For example, he describes the building in the city of Szczecin (Stettin), which "… being the main one, stood out decorations and amazing subtlety, she had sculpted decorations both outside and inside. Images of people, birds and animals were made so natural that they seemed to live and breathe. And it should be noted that the most rare: the colors of the images are on the outside of the building, not darkened, and does not wash away Rain or snow — they did such a cunning workman. Here they bring on the long tradition of their ancestors, by a tenth of the plundered wealth … It also kept the gold and silver vessels and bowls … there are kept in honor of the gods and for their enormous horns jewelry wild cattle, framed in gold and precious stones and suitable for drinking, as well as horns, in which the pipes, daggers, knives, utensils of precious, rare and beautiful in appearance … "
Like the church in Korenica, Sventovida church in Akron was destroyed and robbed. It happened June 15, 1169 of the Christian era, when Waldemar I, King of Denmark, took Arkona. Statue itself Sventovida along with other relics had been ripped, cut and burned with the direct participation of Bishop Abessalona, as reported by the Saxon Grammmatik.
Incidentally, Saxo Grammaticus, in the service of the king of Denmark Valdemar II, whose father, Waldemar I, was the great grandson of the Grand Duke of Kiev, Vladimir Monomakh, after whom it was named. Mother last Kievan princess Ingeborg Mstislavna. Unfortunately, Slavic blood in the veins of both Valdemar, has not prevented them poisoned Christianity, destroy and conquer the Slavs, destroy their cities and temples. Unfortunately, against Akron, on the side of the Danes were also Slavic prince Christian Casimir and Bohuslav and obodritsky Prince Pribyslav.
The city was not easy to take the height of the walls to the shaft reached 27 meters, and kamnemetnye machines could not overcome them. There was hope for a long siege, and the fact that the defenders did not have enough drinking water. Besieged, self-confident, have covered the tower above the gate flags and eagles. Between them was the "The village" — a military banner Ruyan, which last honored as the flag of all the gods. June 12, 1168 during an attack, was set on fire and the gate tower, a small amount of water is not allowed to put out the fire. Arkona was doomed … Some people, seeing their doom, thrown into the fire, not wanting to be slaves. The king ordered to make a chair and sat in it to watch. The holy city — the last stronghold of the Slavs in the Baltic Sea — fell.
Now do not stop the displacement of Slavs from their native lands and the gradual erasure of the memory of them. The last woman to Ruyan, who spoke a Slavic, or rather in the Vendian, died in 1402. Her name was Gulitsyna.
As the winner, and nisprovergatelya pagan idols, the Christian church, used the sacred cult objects for the Slavs, vmurovyvaya them into their building. So in one of the walls of the church at the village Altenkirchen Peninsula Witt walled stone, which the locals call the Stone Svantevit (Svantevitbild).
On a rectangular stone height 1.15 m engraved images of bearded men, dressed in a long dress and holding a vessel in the form of horns. This has led archaeologists to see the image on the stone idol Svantevit or priest, who was the only one who could touch the horn Svantevit and predict the future based on their content.
In the village of Alt Jabel in Yabelhayde also is a stone, known to locals as the "Slavic sacrificial bowl." This small cup-shaped stone in the wall of the old walled Michael's Church on the right of the entrance. Linked with it an ancient legend that in Alt Jabel talk to this day:
"One day, when the Christians built the first shrine in the land Yabelhayde, came to the monastery Elda sacrificial bowl. In this bowl of collected blood of the sacrificed animals and humans. It was in these years the first church was built in the heart Yabelhayde, and on the occasion of its consecration in 1256 brought all the Slavic population of the neighborhood. In order to prove the power of the Christian religion and the overthrow of the old gods, the priest, brother Lienhard, chopped cup heavy hammer directly on the altar, in front of the audience. In memory of the event has occurred half a sacrificial bowl was immediately imbedded in the annular wall of the church. This symbolic action brother Lienhard was hoping to break the reluctance of the Slavs to Christianity. The other half was sent to the monastery Elda in memory of that day and hoisted a prayer chair …
On this night, the priest could not sleep from some rustling. The clock was midnight when he heard footsteps and angry speech. Illuminated by the moon, to the room, it became a man with a beard in an old garment. He raised his hand and asked, "Why have you disturbed my tomb and disturbed my eternal sleep? You plundered my tomb, took donated me and told to move it into your home. Because your house was now my home. For I am older than you and before you owned the land. You Saxons, came to the land of my fathers, as barbarians and robbers … You say you're a minister? And I — a free man. My name Boleslav. My coat of arms — a golden crown Slavs on a blue field. All my life we have, the Slavs, the owners were here. "

Thus spoke the Slav spirit, and then quietly disappeared. The priest from the parish went back to Saxony, and took with him a fragment of the sacrificial bowl. (From the book V. Ivanova Buchach "Symbols of Northern Germany. Slavic-German fusion between the rivers Elbe and Oder").
Currently on the island of Rügen is the Museum of Slavic Arkona in which almost nothing is left of its former grandeur and power — the only four-faced wooden Sentovid who massacred Polish Gentiles in the 90's of the last century and was brought to the island, looks sadly at the empty green spaces …

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