The Israeli military has recently reminded the public that the missile defense system is not metal dome was designed to protect towns and villages, and the only military bases and critical infrastructure (energy and water). This reminder came after the metal dome, which is intercepted by Hamas rocket attacks (approximately 1,500 missiles) in November last year. Many Israelis presented what it means that they can hope for similar protection in the event of a massive attack Hamas or Hezbollah. But the military say that Hamas has more than 5,000 rockets and Hezbollah over 40,000. If one or both of these groups will release several thousand missiles batteries steel dome must be applied first to protect military bases and power plants (of state security), before like trying to protect civilian objects. At least the number available to a massive attack Metal Dome batteries would be pretty to protect all objects, and what happened in the past year. Before will be able to buy more batteries steel dome massive rocket attack civilian objects, many leave Israel vulnerable.
This is not the first time the military point to it. At first it came out three years after scoring reversed plans to arrange new batteries steel dome for storage. While politicians often mention Metal dome as a means of protecting the inhabitants of the country, living in close proximity to the border and vulnerable places for rockets fired from the Gaza Strip and in the south of Lebanon and the north. But it turned out that the metal dome need about 15 seconds to detect, identify goals and start interceptors. Most of civilian objects exposed to the current time shelling from Gaza are as close to the border (within 13 kilometers) that the rockets are landing less than 15 seconds. When intercepting long-range missiles aimed at the huge number of other purposes (civilian and military) metal dome is effective. This was demonstrated in November last year.
All this explains why after the metal dome declared combat-ready three years back, was suddenly is deposited. Air Force stated that they would prefer to save money and arrange the batteries steel dome storage and deploy them only for regular exercise, as in the case of a real emergency (the expected large-scale attack on the south or the north of Israel.) Politicians also claimed that at least one of the last battery has been deployed along the border with Gaza. Military have data on how Hamas and Hezbollah are hoarding a huge amount of long-range missiles, which have allowed them to implement a massive attack on Israeli military bases. Generals believe that more fundamentally protect the armed forces, which ultimately will protect Israel and this is specifically why now will be used metal dome.
Since 2010, Israel had acquired seven missile defense batteries Metal dome. 5 of them took part in interceptions Hamas rockets in November last year, when it was used a huge amount of long-range missiles. Every battery includes radar, control equipment, and four missile launchers. The price of each battery is about $ 37 million, which includes more than fifty missiles Tamir (price of $ 40,000 any). Metal dome uses two radar for frisky calculate the trajectory of the attacking missiles and does not solve anything, if the calculation of the rocket line indicates that it is sent to the wilderness. But if the calculations portend that the rocket goes into a residential area, then run guided missile interceptors.
This approach makes the system cost effective. The prerequisite for this is that Hezbollah launched some 4,000 rockets in the year 2006, and Palestinian terrorists in Gaza fired at Israeli areas more than 6 thousand missiles over the past eight years and the Israelis knew where to hit any of them. More than 90 percent of these rockets landed in uninhabited areas and only a few of those that really hit the settlements led to the victims in a human. Israel has deployed radar gives some warning of approaching missiles. Metal dome uses this radar in addition to other, more special radar deployed in southern Israel.
Palestinians, according to experts, will try to defeat the metal dome using salvo firing in several towns. At the theoretical level, it can suppress one or two batteries of steel dome. But Israel is able to keep the drones over Gaza 24 hours 7 days a week and monitor attempts to deploy large salvo launchers. This will allow Israel to bomb many of the launch pads. This will lead to large quantities destroyed on the ground missiles or launch their indiscriminate and fall on the ground far from Gaza or the purposes to which they were targeted. Because metal dome able to track down hundreds of incoming missiles, rapidly calculate their line of movement and place Fall also ignored most of the missiles that pose no threat to the population, the Palestinians try to immediately run weave huge (long-range) missiles from Israel to cause the greatest number of victims. Until now, the Palestinians have not been able to run once a sufficient number of missiles.
Palestinian rocket fire appeared around 2001 to the year, but they are significantly increased when Israel withdrew from Gaza in August of 2005. It was quiescent peace gesture. From 2001 to 2005, the first year from the Gaza Strip into Israel were fired about 700 rockets. After the retreat in 2005, the year Israel was issued more than 5,000 missiles. The number of missile attacks even more intensified with the coming to power of Hamas in June of 2007.
Hamas armed with a huge amount of all the Iranian and Chinese missiles BM-21 and BM-12 industrial production. Israel believes that in the current time of Hamas in the Gaza Strip has factory BM-21 missiles each of which has a range of 20-40 km. They also own a certain number of B-12 rockets Russian development owning the lowest range (6 km). 122 mm BM-21 missile weighs 68.2 kg, is 2.9 meters in length. It carries 20.5 kg warhead, but its accuracy is not much exceed 107 mm model. Yet these huge rockets have the highest firing range in the 20 km and flight time to 15 seconds. Again, these missiles unguided, and therefore they are only effective when used on a large gulp or target area (for example, a city, a large military base or industrial complex).
There are also Egyptian and Chinese variants of the BM-21 warhead and lower owning huge rocket engine that increases their range to about 40 km and the flight of more than 15 seconds. Israel believes that in Gaza are 10’s larger Iranian Fajr missiles with a range of 70 km, and several hundred 122-mm rockets with extended firing range (40 km) or more standard 122-mm rockets (20 km). Until November last year, the number that Gaza is more than 10,000 rockets. But thanks to a metal dome, point bombing and shelling of their storage sites were destroyed more than half of these missiles.