April 11, 2012 9:24
Found by experience that the clocks are near a massive body, slower than the same hours that are far away from it, ie the clock depends on the local gravitational potential.
The relative magnitude of this effect is gravitational potential difference divided by the square of the speed of light. In the framework of the general theory of relativity, the effect is the result of "time dilation near massive bodies."
However, the orthodox theory does not say that the clock is sensitive not only to the local gravitational potential, but also to its local gradient. Consistent with the observed effects can be several orders of magnitude greater than the effect predicted by general relativity, and is still officially remain unexplained.
Abstract idea of "time dilation" does not work here, as the clock types react differently to changes in the gradient of the gravitational potential. The greatest sensitivity here have a pendulum clock, because it determines the gradient of the gravitational potential of the acceleration of gravity, which determines the natural frequency of the pendulum is the least sensitive here have atomic clocks, writes sunhome.ru
Vector sum of the local gradients of the gravitational potential, corresponding in some massive bodies, gives the resulting local gradient. Changes in the relative orientation of the gradient terms lead to changes in modulus of the resulting gradient, and respond to that clock. In the vicinity of the Earth's main components are the gradients corresponding to the Earth, the Moon and the Sun. Cyclic variations of the local unit of the resulting gradient due, first, to the daily rotation of the Earth, and secondly, the rotation of a pair of Earth-Moon system, and third, one-year treatment of couples around the sun, lead to reliably observed cyclic variations of moves hours — respectively, have diurnal, lunar-month and one-year periods.
These effects are not explained in the framework of the approach of the general theory of relativity, because the ground hours at these rotations are changed very little distance to the moon and the sun, that is, not strong enough gravitational potential changes. Without considering the influence of the gradient of the gravitational potential at the clock, we are faced with the fact of variations of passages hours inexplicably correlated with the location of the moon and sun on the sky: there are cycles of "day-night" and "New Moon, New Moon", and the new moon effect is particularly The alignment is great for gradients corresponding to the Sun and the Moon, that is during an eclipse of the Sun by the Moon. Published some results of studies of the behavior of different types of hours during solar eclipses.
Recognition of the effects of local gradient of the gravitational potential at the clock would naturally explain the essential components of behavior hours used for the conduct of practical time scales.
It should be added that the dependence of the clock on the local gradient of the gravitational potential is only a special case of a more general dependence on the local gradient of the curvature of space-time. Gradients of the curvature of space-time generated not only by gravity but also by other physical causes, below we look at some of them.
There are experimental data that can be reasonably explained by the assumption that the local release of energy stored in the material at a given level of its structural organization — for example, at the level of the chemical bonds at the atomic or nuclear levels — there is a corresponding space-time curvature in the vicinity of the release of this energy. The geometry of the curvature is determined, apparently, the spatial distribution of the power allocation of free energy. Mechanism is not fully understood, so we present only some of the experimental facts.
Another way to form a local gradient of the curvature of space-time, affecting the course of hours (especially the pendulum) is a mass movement of matter in a circle. The nature of this phenomenon is also not fully understood, and we, again, have to restrict ourselves to a brief overview of the observed facts.
Has long been noted that when the relatively large mass of matter in a circle, and with sufficiently large angular velocity, there is a pulling force exerted on the test bodies inside the circle, especially near its center. This rod acts perpendicular to the plane of rotation of a substance in a direction which is defined as the observations, according to the rule of the right screw. On this "rotor-powered" based actions of some terrible natural phenomena, so far unexplained by official science. Thus, within the "trunk" tornado, consisting of rapidly rotating air created rotor thrust, enough to compensate for and even overcome the force of gravity of the Earth: the possibility of lift well known tornado
Pendulum, the weight of which would lose weight 2%, would slow down the course of his hesitation about 1%. With this rotating ring can study the influence of the motion of matter in a circle on the clock types, staying in a quiet laboratory setting, ie as a matter of natural phenomena listed above.