One child in a thousand is born with a hearing impairment. C age increases the number of hearing-impaired children — the effect of previous diseases or treatment with drugs acting on the bad ear. If you restore the lost hearing you can not, then the child's deafness can and should be compensated by other means.
The world behind the barrier
As long as the child grows, the foundations of his personality. So the little man is very important to perceive the world around them in full. Through sight, touch and smell, he knows the shape and properties of objects, but only after it learns of the child intentions of people around him, the methods and nuances of human interaction. Talking it through words perceives emotional evaluations that people may not otherwise transfer. That's why a child who has a sound transmission channel is "off", the world is not the same as his peers.
A healthy baby, saying the first sounds he hears himself and imitating the sounds that emit around, learning to speak. To form the nature of the speech allotted time: up to four months old baby coo, with
If a child does not hear all the sounds, and with it the time has not held a special work, it will be either confused or do not understand some simple words will not be able to read books, solve school problems. Hearing loss would be a barrier to the child's intellectual development.
Land of the Deaf
What is the way out of the situation found hard of hearing? 've All seen people who are deaf community calls. They communicate using sign language. This is not a "blueprint" with the Russian language, but an independent full-fledged language, which can fully meet all the needs of the person in the transmission of information. However, if
In addition to sign language, there is still cheirology — Quickly folding the fingers in the figures indicate the letters of the alphabet. It has a full Russian language. Therefore, a child who is taught to "speak", will build on the base of our speech, and therefore easier to find a "common language" with ordinary children.
Experts believe that the child has to communicate with all means available to it — if only to develop the personality. But the main task of teachers — to form his verbal speech. The civilized world today does not permit the appearance of deaf and hard of hearing each child teaches speech communication. Are engaged in research and teaching organizations which are very important, though unseen world work.
Educational technology today reached a level that allows to acquire normal human speech to children with any degree of hearing loss.
To teach a child anything else, he needs to create the conditions for a self motivated push to develop in the right direction. Then he would be interested to know,
If a child does not hear the speech, he has no need for speech and communication. Becomes clear one of the first tasks of teachers: to create the conditions to him so that he could hear the sounds themselves and become interested.
Methods for restoration of hearing
Restoration of hear achieved by hearing aid. In Russia the state gives hearing-impaired children hearing aids, but, unfortunately, in most cases, their ability to leave something to be desired. This device amplifies all sounds indiscriminately, and it turns out the megaphone effect — the world only stun a child who will try to get rid of him interfering devices.
The hearing aid must take into account the individual characteristics as hearing loss, increasing only certain frequencies. Properly selected and configured, it will give the child an opportunity to clearly hear and the other's speech, and his own. Necessarily need to baby heard not only the contours of the words, but also how they can be more analyzed structure. Distorted perception will lead to an incorrect pronunciation.
Modern hearing aids are created with the latest technology, are done by computer. However, just buy a hearing aid "in the box" and bring it to the child — not the solution. Effectiveness of its use depends on how he fine-tuned. Unfortunately, quite often even very good hearing aid set by unqualified professionals, is a waste of time and money. The device annoying, but no help from him, the child can not get used to it and constantly shoots. Reputable companies care about is to avoid such situations, so the cost of the device include its selection, the setting (maybe the setup process will take a few weeks), and after-sales service.
Education hearing-impaired child
The next stage — the education of a child with a hearing impairment. The result is highly dependent on its individual capacity, on whether he had additional abnormalities in development. Unfortunately, too many children, "difficult" is not so much due to objective reasons, as the fault of the parents. After all, it depends on them, how much will be systematically carried out individually designed training program in time to pick up the child to the appropriate hearing aid, how early to start remedial help, how many will be "caught" the passing of valuable time. Children whose parents have paid enough attention to have a chance to do well in school, keeping up with the development of their peers.
But parents are often lurking misconception deal with a child — not to protect him from the difficulties in communicating with hearing peers. The child, which was held in a special education kindergarten, where they gathered the children with hearing loss, sometimes, among normal-hearing children can not choose their own partner on the games. He often began with an adult and asks to enter it into the game the other children. If the child has no experience of communication with hearing children, he picks out the group is not that boy or girl who is more like him, and "his", that is a child with a hearing aid.
The team of "their" child may have a high reputation, which immediately loses coming to the team of hearing children. It can be assumed that this will promote his fighting qualities, but as a rule such baby uncertainly is on the sidelines, waiting can play with "their".
Thus, hearing loss is creating a new social world, remote from the world of healthy people. This, of course, well, since the cohesion and solidarity mean a lot. But "his" team not only helps, but also a hindrance. For example, interferes with the child's communication skills with hearing peers, that he really needed.
Social isolation from the hearing world is reflected in the speech of the child, it becomes more primitive and focused on the cliche. Today, therefore, teachers strive to create a mixed group of kindergarten, where 6 — 8 hearing children were 4 — 5 children with impaired hearing. They have to "catch up" to the level, and Wednesday to hear them in this helps.
The parents of healthy children at first did not know how to relate to such experiments, but then realized that their children not only gets the upsc
ale educational personnel, but also an invaluable social experience. It is well known that in such mixed classes children grow more gracious and responsive.
There are also special schools with additional features, where children receive the full classical education. Only training lasts
Yet the child is ready to learn in a group of hearing children, where it may be the only one who wears a hearing apparatus. However, we can always go to a special school, but the family should have a choice. In the ordinary mass school to study hard. Teachers to "special" child need to spend more time, pay particular attention to it — of course, at the expense of other students. And why should they suffer? Kids are cruel — failed, failed to prove that you are a full-fledged member of the team — will expose the "black sheep".
It is therefore important to help your child learn to be good oral language and provide it a suitable hearing aid, which would maximize the use of residual hearing. It is also important psychologically prepare them for healthy relationships with people who are not doing any discounts. Acquire knowledge and skills — a good thing, but you can not miss the point.
We can not allow the development of a child boarding complex — "I am disabled and have everyone around me." Regardless of the degree of validity of this facility, the child must learn to do without it, or the distance between it and others will increase. This should help pre-school preparation, well put it, the overall sophistication and properly fitted hearing aid. If and stand out from the crowd, except that the brightness of nature!
The magazine "Family Doctor» (N6) June 1999 g