"I know its the norm." How often can I hear this phrase during feasts. However, often it turns out that the rate at this guest — a loose concept. Is it possible to compare the two men drinking together and say — this one is drinking a lot, but this one — in the normal range? It appears possible. In drug treatment there is a classification of domestic consumption of alcohol, depending on the
Crafted of all 5 groups: abstinent, casual drinkers, moderate drinkers, drinkers systematically and habitually drinking.
Abstinent, as the name implies, do not drink alcohol. There is also a non-drinker physicians include those people who drink a glass of champagne at New Year, March 8, and her own birthday. These figures of alcohol consumed can be safely ignored.
The reasons for the "dry" behavior a lot, but they can be arbitrarily grouped into three areas: biological, medical and behavioral. Biological reasons — is alcohol intolerance at the level of the body. For example, the so-called inversion of intoxication, when after the adoption of the "chest" mood does not improve, but rather decreases sharply, down to depression. Or when alcohol is not digested by the body in a very real sense — as a food ingredient, and any contact with alcohol gives a detailed picture of poisoning.
A person can notdrink in Health ("wants, but can not"). This can be a serious medical illness or condition after
A person can also choose a sober lifestyle quite deliberately ("may, but does not want to"). Often, this option is common in children raised in families with
However, if the circumstances will force, the abstinent can and drinking. Especially, if so accepted in the social sub-group, not to be "black sheep". Get drunk they are usually poorly, keeping control of himself in any situation. In the end, are abstinent
Accidentally drinking call people who drink up to a maximum of 250 ml of vodka a few times a year, but not more often than once a month. In general, this group is attached to alcohol is quite late, and the particular need for alcohol do not feel, do not consider it "delicious." In a state of intoxication, they usually do not experience pleasant sensations, so do not seek to increase the dose or drinking more often. Typically, these people drink "because it is accepted", and are limited to the observance of the ritual. Usually the morning after accidentally drinking feast feel very bad — as a psychological and a physiological sense. All this leads to the fact that a
Moderate drinkers — This is the most controversial group. As we have already mentioned, the differences in the definition of moderation, as well as the utility of moderate drinking in the medical world are still a matter of debate. According to Russian canons to moderate drinkers rank of people who use
The most important difference — this group is experiencing the pleasure of alcohol, intoxication is accompanied by a rise in sentiment, and to pig squeal such people do not get drunk. Spontaneous desire to drink normally does not occur, but if there is a reason — be assured, that moderate drinkers will be initiated feast. And most of all, all this is done in an informal group — the next classmates, colleagues, a group of friends, and is associated with a whole string of rituals and traditions.
Alcohol is almost never becomes the main value in the lives of moderate drinkers without changing the structure of the needs and motivations of the individual. Although alcoholic need for constant repetition of scenes (for example, the traditional Friday night gatherings in beer) may occur.
But for the systematically drinkers alcohol plays in the lives of already significant role. This group includes people who use
The whole system of life values initially alkogoltsentrichna, the drinking begins in years
In the end, these people alcohol is very quickly becoming the main interest in life, and they move to the next category.
Habitual drinkers — Consumed 500 ml of vodka and a few more times a week. These people need alcohol quickly formed and there is a symptom of the desirability of alcohol abuse, knowingly habitual drunkenness doctors call predalkogolizmom. The desire to drink arises whenever this is possible. The suppression of this desire is given with great difficulty, and accompanied by a decrease of mood and malaise. Increased tolerance to alcohol — each time to achieve the necessary standard requires all large doses.
The clinic "Alkomed"
The conclusion of the binge
Blockade of alcohol dependence
ECG analysis at home
There are neurological and psychiatric disorders — sleep is upset, decreased self-criticism (the exaggerated role of the drinking of others), there is a progressive degeneration of the individual. Alcohol is the main and only source of pleasure in life, dramatically narrows the range of interests, family and work are secondary or even the tenth plan.
Once the desirability of alcoholism becomes compulsive, once lost quantitative control of alcohol consumed (the infamous "norm"), once a person loses the ability to give up the booze — you can talk about the formation of alcohol dependence and, therefore, about alcoholism.
Is it possible to prevent the degeneration of domestic drinking in the disease? It is possible. But this requires a lot of effort — both the man and his family and friends. The further the process went, the more difficult to pull out of the slough of alcohol is often required by a skilled
Is it possible to