Multiple rocket launcher MLRS (Multy Launch Rocket System) specialized for lesion (firefight with covert firing positions at distances greater than 30 klm) military armored vehicles, artillery batteries, open clusters are manpower and military equipment, air defense systems, command and communication centers Fri , and other surface targets.
Invented by Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control, and entered service in the U.S. Army in 1983. In the current time is in the armies of 14 countries: Bahrain, Norway, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, the land of the rising sun, South Korea, the Netherlands, Turkey, UK, etc. In 1986, within the framework of NATO was formed International consortium for the production of MLRS MLRS, which included the company’s United States, Germany, Britain, France and Italy.
MLRS MLRS includes a self-propelled launcher (PU), rockets (NUR) M26 in transport-launch containers (TLC) and fire control techniques.
In artillery unit PU, mounted on a tracked chassis of the American military machine infantry M2 «Bradley», includes:
motionless base mounted on the chassis frame;
rotating platform with an attached swinging her part in an armored box farm which are 2 TPK;
machine loading and guidance.
Suitable hardness starting base installation in the firing position is guaranteed off suspension chassis. In armored cabin located payment of 3 persons: Position commander, gunner and driver-mechanic. Ibid mounted fire control equipment, including computers, navigation and topographic location, and even remote control. All pertinent information is reflected on the light board control panel. Fire control equipment MLRS MLRS has the ability to be combined with an automatic fire control system of field artillery. Produced by pressurized cab and filtering apparatus to protect payment from gases produced by firing, and from the damaging circumstances due to radioactive contamination or the introduction of chemical weapons.
MLRS launcher has no ordinary regular guides. For loading in her nest box armored farm (swinging part PU) fit 2 equipped transport and launch container single implementation. They are a package of 6 fiberglass tubular rails mounted in 2 rows in the farm box, made of aluminum alloy. TPK loaded with missiles at the factory and sealed, that guarantees the safety of NUR in the absence of the service for 10 years. Prelaunch missiles to shoot almost do not need to. Reloading the launcher is means 2-independent charging devices (electromechanical actuators) mounted on the PU box in the farm over sockets for TPK. Operation is performed with one with 2 rooms calculation with the introduction of remote console. At zero angle of elevation of the loading device with a hoist lifts TPK with areas up to the stop and slide it into the slot box farm.
Usually one launcher attached 2 car with the transport of trailers. The transportation of the machine gives a 10-ton all-terrain vehicle M985 (8×8). His body is mounted 2.5-ton hoisting jib crane, which is using for loading containers and STACKING. By car and trailer transported by TPK 4 (6 missiles each). Delivered one launcher ammunition, including its 12 missiles, is respectively 108 NUR.
After joining the fire control equipment installations for the skirmish (including response time fuze head) targeting PU executed command using electrohydraulic actuators. In case of failure accounted hand drives. Gorizontirovat launcher before the shooting will not be necessary, because any necessary corrections are constantly introduced into the fire control equipment. This is guaranteed by the corresponding system with a gyro-stabilized platform. This system ensures accurate and appropriate in salvo firing.
M26 rockets includes warhead (BC), a solid rocket engine and four-bladed drop in flight control. For NUR manufactured and developed subsequent cluster warheads.
Cumulatively Frag (weight 159 kg, large firing range 32 klm) is to defeat unsheltered active force and army equipment, light armored military vehicles, and even counter-battery for a fight. It is equipped with 644 shaped-charge fragmentation submunitions M77 (armor by 40 mm). Military elements are tightly packed in nests cylindrical polymer blocks inside thin-walled aluminum casing warhead. After triggering the brain to fuse the final part of the trajectory warhead casing and reset respectively scattered cumulative-fragmentation warhead components. Volley one launcher targets scattered over an area of 7728 parts on an area of about 25 thousand m2.
Antitank mines AT-2 (weight 107 kg, large firing range 40 klm) invented spices Germany. It is specialized for remote mining areas Scatterable Blast. Equips warhead antitank mines protivodnischevymi AT-2, thin-wall containers warhead taken 7 to 4 in each mine. At an altitude of about 1.2 klm first scattered containers, and later thrown out of their mines, which descend by parachute. Before the landing parachute separated and fell on the mine area with spring-loaded legs set in martial status — cumulative funnel upwards. Extends from the housing pin receiver. Time self-destruct mines set before shooting and can exist from several hours to several days. Volley one launcher formed minefield of 336 minutes on the square meters approximately 1000h400 shaped charge mines able to penetrate armor up to 140 mm width.
Anti «TGW» (Terminally Guided Warhead, weight 107 kg, large firing range 45 klm). It equips submunitions, Fully homing in the final section of the flight path. The study provided the warhead carried out by a consortium of industrial companies in the U.S., Germany, UK and France.
The diameter of the projectile 240 mm
Projectile length, mm 3960
Projectile weight (depending on the type of warhead), 258-310 kg
Warhead weight, 107-159 kg
The firing range is the greatest, 32-40 klm
Most road speed klm / h 65
Power reserve, 500 klm
Time to prepare for firing c BM currently busy firing position, 2 min
Full salvo (12 missiles), with 60
Year of adopting 1983