Nipples and pacifiers

Nipples and pacifiers.  Photo from

Sucking reflex occurs in humans before birth. In addition to the saturation during breastfeeding baby experiencing positive emotions and also from contact with the mother.

Special substitutes women's breasts are the nipples and pacifiers.


The form of the "classical", round, nipples to the shape nipple mammary gland during lactation, which allows to approximate the natural feeding process.

Orthodontic pacifiers, the result of this their structure, prevent swallowing of air, contribute to the proper development of the palate and lower jaw.

Today in the market and new nipples with antivakuumnoy system whose main element is a valve. This adaptation, First, reduces the amount ingested by sucking air in, significantly reducing the frequency of regurgitation andsecond prevents blocking dummies, allowing the baby does not come off the bottle during feeding.

All nipples are distinguished by the number of holes. Children from birth to2-3 months nipples fit with one or two holes. Nipples with three holes (average flow) are designed for kids 2-5months. Nipples with four holes (fast flow) designed for children older than 4 months. Nipples are different in shape and holes: X-shaped— For juice, V-shaped— For liquid porridge, etc.

How to choose a pacifier?

Now, in many nipples uses a new technology of laser punching. Getting food from a pacifier, baby applies no less effort than sucking chest. In addition, the edges of the holes obtained perfectly smooth, food passes easily stored and uniform flow rate.

Experts recommend to parents when choosing a pacifier to draw attention to the fact exactly where holes or notches. Correctly, or if the holes cut are located not in the middle (when the liquid is poured into a child's throat), and slightly higher (if the fluid flow is directed to the sky, baby not bogged down, and the food is mixed with saliva).


In some cases the use of pacifiers is not only desirable but necessary. Justified the use of pacifiers at the kid with a strong sucking reflex, as well as in children with increased excitability — nutritive sucking their soothing. Furthermore, sucking Dummy — it's better than thumb-sucking — the latter can lead to deformation of the jaw and malocclusion.

It is thought that sucking Dummy helps with flatulence (excessive accumulation of gas in the intestines). Soother stimulates the bowel, which helps to eliminate the accumulated gases.

How to choose a pacifier?

The shape of pacifiers come round and orthodontic. In addition, some companies produce dummy form "drop" for the little ones (0-3 mo.).

Size dummies changes according to age, most often it is 0-3 months., 3-6 months. and6-12 months.

Covering — Dummy base — should be wide enough to prevent accidental ingestion of pacifiers, have a cutout for the nose and the vent holes near the base of the nipples, so that no diaper rash. It is better if the dummy is made of a single piece of latex or silicone. Then the baby will not be able to take it apart and choke on small parts, do not get hurt in a dream.

Now to make the nipple and pacifier use three materials: rubber, silicone and latex. Rubber nipples gradually fading.

Silicone nipples more taut, less susceptible to deformation. Silicone is more durable than latex. Silicone nipple is recommended to use only before the child's first teeth appear.

The latex is softer silicone. After the appearance of the teeth in a child is recommended to switch to a soft latex nipple, which has less influence on the growth of the teeth. Unlike silicone, onlatex been cases of allergic reactions.

Latex nipples need to be changed once a2-3weeks, once a silicone4-5weeks even if nipples there is no damage. Nipple damage of any material should be replaced immediately, because a piece cut out of it can get into the child's airway.

In order to soother is not lost, it can be hung on a chain with a special clip. Some parents put a rope on the neck of a child with a pacifier. So do not in any way be: it can lead to suffocation.

As part with a pacifier?

Wean the child from the pacifier must begin six months of age, when his first teeth appear. Go toone and a half or two years of the child's sucking reflex is completely extinguished.

What can be done to ensure that the problems with the use of pacifiers do not arise? To2-3 months pacifier can offer the child only in the most extreme cases: if the baby is very much excited, overworked, or if it is too strongly expressed sucking reflex. No child should be offered a pacifier at the time when he does not show concern.

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