North Korean missile DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGY: PRESENT AND sham

 North Korean missile DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGY: PRESENT AND sham
In light of recent events on the Korean Peninsula reappears as enthusiasm for military, first rocket, the capacity of the DPRK. Introducing translation from materials website globalsecurity.org with some additions.
 
Antiship missile KN-01
 
Is a variant of Russian anti-ship missile SS-N-2 Styx beginning of the 1960s. March 10, 2003, North Korea conducted tests, presumably, KN-01. The rocket was launched from Sinsan-ri and flew 110 km before falling into the Sea of ​​Japan. This was the second test of KN-01 for two weeks — the first test conducted a day of inauguration of South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun (Roh Moo-hyun) February 24, 2003 and was poor (rocket exploded in the air).
 
Short-range ballistic missile KN-02
  
Single-stage solid-propellant ballistic missile based on the Russian rocket dispenser 9K79 «point» (SS-21 Scarab). Launch is set for 3-axle chassis North Korean auto production. The firing range — 70 km, CWE — 160 m Designed for substitution of old rockets FROG-7 can carry nuclear, chemical or everyday warhead.
 
In 1983, Syria became the SS-21 missiles, delivered from the USSR. Middle of 1996 Syrian missile technology underwent a two-week training in North Korea. Reported that Syrian art provided data on North Korea missile SS-21. In August 1996, Syria sent to North Korea missile SS-21.
 
North Korea conducted a test launch short-range missiles May 1, 2005 from the east coast towards the land of the rising sun. The rocket flew over East China (Japan) Sea supposedly 100-120 km. The DPRK missile was designated KN-02 is a modernized version of the SS-21. Name missiles KN-02 was the first time announced in Seoul Kim Sung-yl (Kim Sung-il), CIO of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, at a closed session of parliament.
 
Hwasong 5 / Scud-B
 
North Korea received FROG-7 missiles with a range of 70 km and tactical missiles FROG-5 from the USSR in 1969. During the period of delivery of the USSR were obtained high-explosive warheads, North Korea has developed a missile FROF-7A and FROG-5 chemical warheads.
 
As reported, the rocket SCUB-B were obtained from Egypt in 1976-81 years in exchange for North Korea’s aid to Egypt in the war «Judgment Day.» It is believed that North Korea has developed the creation of «Scud» and exported to Iran, its their version during the Gulf War. North Korea assisted Egypt in its production of clones «Scud». The program production in North Korea include the development of chemical and bacteriological warheads. In 2006, North Korea’s arsenal is believed, there was, of course a little, 400 launchers Scud-B / C. In April-September 1984, North Korea held three test launch Scud-B, 29-30 May 1993 — three successful test run. Consider the establishment of a limited pilot rockets was launched in 1985, the full — in 1987. The greatest rate of production of Scud-B is supposedly 4-8 launchers per month or per year PU 50-100. Iran has Shahab-1 designation.
 
Hwasong 6 / Scud-C
 
The program development Scud-B (300 km/1000-kg BSc) reportedly began in 1988. Changed rocket called Scud-PIP (product improvement program) or Scud-C (500 km/700-800 kg) have a huge range than its predecessor, by reducing the weight of the warhead and missile length growth for increasing the volume of fuel at 25 %.
 
1st of 3 successful launches Scud-C, was reported to be held in June 1990, once in July 1991, once between 29-30 May 1993. Mass production Scud-C was launched in 1991, replacing the production of Scud-B. The rate of production is estimated at 7-8 missiles per month. Scud-C were exported to Iran (since 1990, also assisted in the production of these missiles, Shahab-2) and Syria (April 1991). By the mid-1990s in the KPA Scud-C missiles almost certainly absolutely changed the Scud-B.
 
Scud-ER
 
Photos of North Korean Scud-ER missiles appeared in 2005, for the first time shown to the public at a military parade to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the Korean People’s Army in Pyongyang, April 25, 2007. Its development is completed in 2003 with the following supplies to the troops.
 
Firing range Scud-ER (Extended Range) can be up to 500 km with ordinary warhead weighing 700-800 kg, 750-800 km — with warhead weighing 450 kg.
 
It is believed that the rocket propulsion system used in the second stage rocket Taepo-dong-1. In missile Scud-ER used to develop traction control (fuel flow configuration) Motor SAM-2, which increases the efficiency of the propulsion system in the starting mode and marching, as the firing range. This is the main feature of Scud-ER. Starting weight of missiles — 5.3-5.6 m
 
No-dong-A
 
Missile with a range of 1000-1300 km and a warhead weighing 700-1000 kg. Mock ballistic missile No-dong-A (No-dong-1, Ro-dong-1, Scud-D) was found for the first time at the launch site near the town of Nodong (hence the title of the latest rocket) in May 1990. There are two unsuccessful launch in May 1990 and one in June 1992. Successful launch held on 29-30 May 1993, when the missile flew 500 miles over the Japan Sea. The missile is armed with a separated in flight warhead. Immediately with the creation of rockets No-dong-A were built starting complex, portal and tower assembly and test facility booster Taep’o-dong-1. First photo of the North Korean launch site infrastructure revealed similarities with Chinese and Russian ways of designing.
 
Mass production missiles, they believe began in 1994. Deploying mobile launchers of missiles No-dong-A was seen on the north-east of the country in March 1997, seven launchers were deployed at the site 100 km from Pyongyang. According to South Korean military sources, the beginning of 1999, the DPRK launched a needless little nine missiles No-dong-A. By the end of 2002 believed that North Korea has about 100 missiles with ranges up to 800 km (Scud-ER, No-dong-A). Supplied to Iran, where they received the designation Shahab-3.
 
No-dong-B / Musudan
 
In 2003, there were reports that North Korea is working on the creation of modern missiles based on Russian naval ballistic missile SS-N-6. It was believed that North Korea has received the missile technology in 1992-98.
 
Brand new rocket was identified at the airbase Mirin (Mirin), but the South American missile received code word No-dong-B and over time became associated with a lightweight version of No-dong-1, also No-dong-2 and No-dong- 3, then received here Taep’o-dong-1 and Taep’o-dong-2.
 
In May 2004, it was reported that at the airbase Mirin the parade grounds in the day North Korea 9 September 2003 prepared 10 missiles and missile launchers 5 No-dong-B. Although the missiles were not shown at the ceremony, they were seen by Western intelligence that spread the news a few days later.
 
First, in May 2004, South Korean newspaper said that in late 2003 and early 2004, the South American intelligence found a 2-construction of new missile bases in North Korea. One object was Yangdoke, 80 km east of Pyongyang, the other — in Hochone in North Hamgyong Province. By May 2004, the new base, reportedly were completed by 70-80%.
 
July 7, 2004 the Minister of Defense Cho Yong Gil (Cho Young-kil), speaking before a parliamentary committee of defense, said that North Korea has begun to deploy modern missile with a range of 1860-2500 miles.
 
In 2007, it was found that the DPRK launched a rocket absolutely No-dong-B in the mobile version.
 
In March 2009, it was found that North Korea has adopted BRSD No-dong-B composed of selected strategic missile forces. But so far on missile flight tests did not understand, in connection with which some experts believe that showcased at parades missiles No-dong-B no more than imitations.
 
Yet, it is reported that Iran received 18 missiles No-dong-B in December 2005 and the unknown number of missiles in the following supplies, which are used as the second stage in the boosters Safir-IRLV2 and Simorgh-IRLV. As the 1st stage of the launch Simorgh used stage 1 ROP Unha-2/Taep ‘o-dong-2B.
 
Taep’o-dong 1 (TD-1), Paekdosan-1
 
August 31, 1998 on the ground in the eastern part of the country near the Taepodong, also known as Musudan-ri, conducted long-range missile test Taep’o-dong 1 (Paekdosan-l, TD-l, NKSL-l, ​​Scud Mod- E, Scud-X). North Korea announced that the missile is designed to output a space satellite. September 4 KCNA said that this missile was «derived from the elliptical orbit satellites 218,82-6,978,2 km with a period of rotation of 165 degrees and an inclination of 6 sec 40.217 deg.» But it was found that the rocket fell into the Pacific Ocean — 1464 km from the starting point. In North Korea itself is known as rocket Unha-1 («Milky Way»).
 
Taep’o-dong 2 (TD-2), NKSL-X-2
 
July 5, 2006 produced launch rocket Taep’o-dong-2 (Unha-2), but the rocket exploded 35 seconds into the flight. Was poor and the launch of April 5, 2009 — no satellite was put into orbit.
 
Taep’o-dong-3
 
First start booster 13 April 2012 with a new cosmodrome Shohei in the western region of the country was a bad — 1st stage is not separated from the launch vehicle and exploded. December 12, 2012 North Korea with the same spaceport produced launch rocket Unha-3, which successfully orbited satellite «Kvanmenson-3» («Gaping Star-3»). According to some reports, the satellite was derived layout of cosmic machine.
 
KN-08
 
April 15, 2012 North Korean military parade in Pyongyang for the first time introduced a mobile «solid three-stage» long-range ballistic missiles KN-08, placed on the chassis 8-axle car WS51200 China. Many experts have presented that were shown at the parade dummies. Flight tests of the missile were not seen.

North Korea Missiles

Overview

Designation

Stages

Engine

Range

IOC

Inventory

Comment

KN-1

1

turbojet

110 km

? 2006

? 0

SS-N-1-Styx

KN-2

1

solid

110 km

? 2006

? 0

SS-21 Scarab

Scud-B

1

liquid

300 km

1981

? 100

 

Hwasong-5

1

liquid

330 km

1984

~ 150

Scud-B, KN-03?

Hwasong-6

1

liquid

500 km

1989

~ 300

Scud-C, KN-04?

Scud-ER

1

liquid

750 — 800 km

2003

~ 350

Scud-ER, KN-05?

No-dong-A

1

liquid

1,100 -1,600 km

1999

~ 200

SS-N-5, KN-06???

No-dong-B

1

liquid

3,218 — 3,861 km

2004 -2007

~ 20?

SS-N-6, KN-07?

Taep’o-dong-1

2

liquid

2,000 — 2,900 km

N / A

Cancelled

TD-1 SLV

Taep’o-dong-2

2

liquid

6,750 -10,000 km

N / A 2014?

0 R & D

TD-2 SLV, Unha-3

Taep’o-dong-3, Unha-9

3

liquid

10,000 — 12,000 km

2015/2018

0 R & D

TD-3 SLV, Unha-9

KN-08

3

liquid

6,000 — 6,700 km

2015/2018

0 R & D

LR-ICBM, No-dong-C

NKSL-1

3

liquid + solid

orbital

1998 ILC

Cancelled

TD-1 SLV

NKSL-X-2

3

liquid + solid

orbital

?? 2006 ILC?

0 R & D

TD-2 SLV, Unha-3, 9

NK-SL-X

2-3-4

liquid

orbital, GEO, Crewed

2015/2018

0 R & D

NK-SL-X SLV

1 — No-dong-B is a provisional designation created by John Pike
The No-dong-B is derived from the Soviet-era SS-N-6 SLBM

2 — NKSL-1 is an unofficial designation created by Charles Vick.
The NKSL-1 is a Taep’odong-1 missile with a third stage and satellite added.

3 — NKSL-X-2k NKSL-X-3 is an unofficial designation created by Charles Vick.
NKSL-X-2 is a Taep’o dong-2k Taep’o-dong-3 missile with a third stage and satellite added.

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