The War of 1812 — the first war, which Russia was baptized Russian, so she remains forever in the minds of the Russian
Researchers in two centuries already, certainly, have opened all available documents from various points of view make out the outline of events. Hard to imagine that some previously unknown facts can structurally change the perception of the annals of war 1812 year. But modern man and the researchers have the opportunity to reflect on this period not only from a height of over two centuries of accumulated knowledge, and a more detached, more panoramic.
RF had to fight a war a lot, actually every decade for many centuries. But the war of modern times, including the heroic campaigns AV Suvorov, who glorified the Russian fighter in the whole of Europe, did not affect the fate of the country as a whole. They served or address their own geopolitical objectives, or the others, participating in coalitions and plans of other states, in other words, was a struggle for the interests of, but not "for the stomach."
If civilization is able to feel the danger of the Fatherland as a national failure, it's a symptom of the famous spiritual structure of the people, which is determined by chto he respects most valuable. For failure does not happen with the state, and specifically to the Fatherland — concept including not only and not so much the land and built her life, but the feeling is kind of a living communion acts Protz and fate of future generations. Optimal foreigners, for example, in 1812, beheld the barbarism in the fire of Moscow. But in such a rush no room for doubt about the cost of victory. The landlords were burning their estates, farmers threw his farm without thinking of what would later have nothing to eat, took pitchfork and went to the enemy. Referring to "self-immolation" of Moscow, Ivan Ilyin wrote that "Russia defeated Napoleon specifically this perfect inner freedom … Nowhere else shall be removed so people do not just of worldly goods … never forgotten so completely lost and losses, as in Russian."
Homeland forever in contrast to the country — a transient form of human handiwork, which inherits the sins of the past and saves its own.
The government is always imperfect and always will attract criticism, even rejection on the part of society. Homeland same — it's a never-ending gift given to us for making historical constant. Genuine national consciousness — it's not a blind admiration, not high self-esteem, it is — a burning sense of belonging to the whole history of the country and its future. It feels like waking up when the question is: "To be or not to be?"
The year "1812 storm" feeling penetrated all of society — from the nobility, admired French glamor to the farmers, who know only the Book of Psalms. Lermontov accidental wrote his famous "Borodino" on behalf of the ordinary soldier, free from any "class" feeling, the lack of which in the War of 1812 so lamented "red professors" ultramarksistskoy Pokrovsky school that believed Napoleon "liberator" which carried Tipo progress in the "backward" Russia. But no, the government officer, an aristocrat and a normal man were unanimous: "Colonel our grip was born: a servant of the king, the father of the soldiers …"
The same feeling — the "noble rage" — "boiled as a wave" during the Nazi invasion, although many were in awe of the revolution and its consequences, the government did not take. And specifically majestic Russian war, requiring some sense of nationality, class internationalism torn down, cleared the abominable war and civilian clothes reunited in people's hearts broken, it seemed forever, the thread of Russian and Russian history. It is no coincidence then taken back to the "historic stockpiles" stately names of Suvorov, Kutuzov, Davydov. The memory of the Russian War of 1812 and inspired by majestic victory in May 1945 th …
In today's age of skepticism and nihilism, it is useful to keep in mind that a civilization capable pochetat and appreciate their history, eventually overpowered and always remains an independent entity in world history.
The victory in the Russian War consolidates the national will and gives a big boost of energy, regardless of the material loss and loss of life — the most courageous and passionate. And our homeland out of the war in 1812 and the next victorious march through Europe is able to historic breakthrough — as usual in Russian history, controversial, effort, internal stress, giving birth to new ideas public conversion. This is the ability prompted Russia to the upcoming consolidation in the Far East, the Black Sea and the Caucasus, to protect it from Persia and Turkey, despite all the machinations of the UK. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815 she was really able to act as a power, "without which no cannon in Europe did not shoot." Our homeland has transformed itself into the global balance of power factor, which to this day causes some people have nervousness.
1812 year left a profound mark on the minds of people, gave birth to a powerful creative impulse that gave the world the stately Russian literature in the face of AS Pushkin and Leo Tolstoy. In Pushkin, by the way, there's a cool poem, "The Anniversary of Borodino" by which you can learn the geopolitics of the XIX century to the present, "Where otdvinem build strongholds? — For the Bug, to Vorskla to Lyman? For whom is Volyn? For whom the inheritance Bogdan? "
XIX century — the century of empires and the "tyrants" was still almost a century, "knight" wars in comparison with the wars of the twentieth century and the present age of the propagation, bombs universal democracy.
In the folk memory left memoirs of ruthlessness intruders, although "in the war, as in war" were looting and destruction civilian population, and mutual ruthlessness, but war still conducted in compliance with the Christian ideas of morality, of man, of death. A small masterpiece of Russian Cinématographe movie "Hussar Ballad" by chance was surprisingly bright display of the historical memory of the war 1812. And its side, and the enemy are worthy prototype species: a loyalty oath and duty and ethical standards. As a duel.
But the war of 1812, when we talk about victims and geopolitics, had a pan-European character. On the scale of geopolitical ambitions "gravitating over kingdoms idol" and drawn by members of Napoleon's invasion of Russia it was virtually global war. During the invasion of the "motley array" is only half of the French army stateliness. It also had all the conquered Europe — the Dutch and the Belgians, the Bavarians, Saxons and Croats, Italians and forcibly mobilized Spanish and Portuguese, Austrians in the face of Eastern Europeans, Romanians and Hungarians, and naturally restless when it comes to damage of, Poles, gave 100 thousands of fighter.
Idol of the latter — Napoleon Bonaparte, "who did not like Poland and the Poles who loved that shed blood for it" (Herzen), considered a bargaining chip Poland against Russia, as evidenced by his proposals in the negotiations on Treaty of Tilsit.
Napoleon, bright figure not only French, and European history, returned drenched with blood revolutionary France motive state of unity and greatness for which he rightly revered Fr
But in accordance with the Western "Promethean" type (W. Schubart) Bonaparte sent a revolutionary spirit in the conquest. Has desired to lead Europe, he unsuccessfully tried to undermine the power of your own brain competitor — Britain, drawing in the "continental blockade" Russia, unsuccessfully proposed at Tilsit Alexander I remove from the map of Europe Prussia. Napoleon, perhaps the first ever realized that to become the ruler of the world impossible without addressing the global field with Russia, not depriving it of the role of the majestic power. Our homeland is prevented, as it will interfere in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, though what those who control the world thinks. Not spent their lives for their country, she had already proved by force, is equal to the total power of Europe as expressed Pushkin with his unnatural historical sense:
Stately Borodin day
We brotherly feasts commemorating,
They said: "We walked the same tribes
The failure of the Russian Federation threatening;
Not all of Europe there was miles?
Whose star led her! ..
But are we have a solid pyatoyu
Head and chest was
Tribes, obedient to the will of the proud,
And is was an unequal contest … "
Prominent Russian political geographer PP Semenov-Tyan-Shan, Chairman of the Russian Geographical Society, saw a huge ever-existing geopolitical projects, among which from the time of the Punic Wars was a ring of eagerness to seize the two shores of the Mediterranean, and what did the Arabs and the Turks and began to realize that Napoleon. If he had at the instigation of his own rival Britain, according to Semenov-Tyan-Shan, did not move to Russia, Bonaparte could totally be a "master of the world." It would be interesting to find documentary evidence of such views and find out whether the Anglo-Saxons were not already interested in pitting large continental rivals in Europe to prevent the formation of a more influential power on the European continent, which is the essence of the British strategy. That was a fatal mistake of Napoleon.
After suffering a crushing defeat, he fled from Russia, leaving his wrecked, hungry, ragged, and the freezing majestically army. Our homeland is not known for centuries that of the death of people and akogo ruin and desolation.
The Russian army triumphantly entered Paris, surprising Parisians Cossack uniforms and a desire to get all the "bistro bistro." Our homeland but still saved by France, becoming the Congress of Vienna the only one who is not allowed to deprive its geopolitical importance, which preferred to Austria and Prussia. Emperor Alexander facilitated reduction of reparations imposed on France, shorten the occupation by Allied troops of French countryside. Commercialism was not at all typical of the then Russian policy, guided by the principle of legitimacy at first and then more retentive state of morality.
Although France was the enemy and conqueror, French political ideas were very contagious, and think to change the minds of the Russian republics, socialism, the overthrow of the autocracy, not terrified terror. This is the spirit of the Decembrist with it even armchair, although very ruthless utopias, it is and developing a whole XIX century revolutionary project that embodies itself in a century in the October Revolution, copy and Jacobin "revolutionary terror", and the inevitable result when the "revolution, like Saturn , devours its own children "(Anatole France), and the repression guillotine cuts already own" October "Danton and Robespierre.
One can only regret the fact that the mutual recognition of Russia and Europe, the collision and interaction of cultures, habits, lifestyle specifically and sensitively happened in the last century when the Russian people, expelling the invaders and pushing them to their borders, extricated and other countries and peoples . But this is a very exciting process at the level of a living human.
If the French language Russian left the word "bistro" — rapidly, the Russian language has survived the word "sharomyzhnik" — pathetic asylum, appeals from the French "Cher ami" (Sherami! — Dear Friend), with whom the freezing French in the late autumn of 1812, having eaten already own dead horses were asked to eat and warm up.
The word is, purely in Russian mildly reflects the fate of a conqueror who came to Russia in a shiny jacket on the white stallion mniv himself ruler of the world and back, littering his Russian plains and our dead bodies, vorachivaetsya with an outstretched hand, hungry, cool, miserable and bewildered, for which he has come here with guns … The lessons of history, but no one taught nevertheless instructive.
In the photo: a picture of NS Samokisha "feat fighter General NN Raevskogo of Saltanovka July 11, 1812. "