Ringworm.  Photo from www.skinatlas.com

Shearing lichen (Mikrosporiya) — contagious skin disease,which is caused by parasitic fungi Microsporum canis and Trichophyton tonsurans. Affected skin, hair, nails occasionally. Among children — is the most common fungal disease.

Contribute to the defeat of the fungus minor skin damage, impaired immunity. The disease is transmitted by direct contact with a sick animal (usually a cat or dog), or the person, as well as through household items that contain fungus spores.

Children become infected by contact with infected skin hair, skin flakes from sick people or animals, especially stray. Contamination from human as possible in direct contact with it, and use it for things (comb, hat, towel, etc.). The spread of the pathological process in the skin the appearance of a single outbreak can cause wash sponge, the sponge.

What's going on?

Since hitting a fungus on the skin, hair, nails, man before the first signs of the disease usually runs from 5 days to 6 weeks. On the skin, there are round and oval inflammatory spots (or 1 spot), covered with scales and crusts. Typically, patients do not care, but slight itching.

If it affects the scalp form large, rounded hearth baldness, in which all the hairs are broken off at the level of 4-8 mm and how would deprive trimmed, intherefore disease got its name "ringworm." Around it there are small foci, sometimes many.

Sometimes people with weakened immune systems, and if left untreated the disease can be complicated. At that temperature may rise, increase lymph nodes, rash abscess.

Diagnosis and treatment

The diagnosis of ringworm is set dermatologist at the examination. To accept the doctor may use a special fluorescent light (Wood's lamp) — in its rays of the affected areas of the fungus gives the green glow, and take a few pieces of skin for examination under a microscope.

Modern means fully heal shearing lichen. If there is a single focus for the topical treatment of the skin is applied — 5-10% sulfur-salicylic or sulfur-tar ointment, 2.5% alcoholic solution of iodine. When multiple lesions of the skin and scalp may be prescribed a course of anti-fungal antibiotic.

The child is allowed in children's group after the disappearance of the disease and obtaining three negative results of the survey onfungus.

For the prevention of the disease should avoid contact with stray animals, and domestic cats and dogs are regularly inspected by a veterinarian. Ill, it is necessary to strictly observe personal hygiene.

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