Round ships Admiral Popov. Part 3. Vice-Admiral Popov

It took almost 18 months to address the issue, which will be the second Popivka. Since mid-1872 the construction of "Kiev" was stopped, as manager in November, the Ministry has signed a respective order, with reference to the AA Popov, "… who foresaw the need to improve the ship to make its construction a number of configurations, experience shows . " Shipbuilding Department of Marine Technical Committee 3 August 1873 saw the project is actually a new vessel. The diameter of the casing actually increment by 6 meters, to limit the size of the Sevastopol boathouse. When power pack, Popivka carrying two guns caliber 305 mm, and the barbet and board covered the width of 457 mm armor. High resolution for the construction of the second ship on a brand new drawing posledovalo13 August. In October Popivka awarded the title of "Vice-Admiral Popov" — quite a rare honor, before the courts of the first rank were given the names of the saints and members of the imperial family and the resounding victories of the Russian guns.

Strengthen or alter the stocks on which to build "Novgorod", began in the fall. At the same time dismantled the old design "Kiev". October 15 followed by a prescription for the opening of works, but the assembly began in the spring of next year. Captain AV Mordvinov was a builder.

Iron is manufactured Rayvolovskim, Kama plant and the new plant in Hughes Katerynoslavs'ka province. "Yuzivka", which has become known in the future, can not cope with the work, samples of metal broke. Iron had to quickly dozakazyvat in Rayvola. Izhorians rolled armor and weapons did Obukhov plant. Not counting ordered the factory, Byrd in 1872 6 vertical steam engines "compound" and 8 boilers, he was assigned to do 2 cars and 4 boilers according to the latest specifications and recycle an old.

The descent of the vessel was to be held in autumn 1875, and subsequent tests in May. As with the construction of the first Popovka, a huge number of obstacles beyond the control of the Admiralty. Due to damage to the Izhorskij broneprokatnogo Be a part of 178-mm plates ordered in the UK. A. Popov he procured permission to do so, as an exception, "for the early tests of a new type of ships' … Severe fear the experience of "Novgorod" and "Peter the Great" caused supply devices. Ministry of the Sea, in the end, managed to force the machine builders to work "under extraordinary circumstances", but summed up the steel road, one and a half months Wanted platform suitable for the transport of boilers. Boilers had to be installed after the descent of the vessel, and for their loading in a month in the ice of the river lay the wire channel floating crane to the Admiralty.

August 27, 1874 in the presence of the ruler accomplished ceremony of the second Popovka. December first tested for water resistance of the second floor of the center to the third radial keel. In March 1875 the next year completed the assembly of the upper deck beams at the end of April — Tests sections of the 2nd floor to the side. Regardless of the number of short supply, the descent delay did not. Second Popivka September 25, 1875, in the presence of Admiral General, went down into the water Ingula. "Novgorod" and Yacht "Livadia" took part in the celebrations.

Housing Popovka latest in design was similar to the first one. Armor installed on the same lines, but barbet and the upper side belt covered with plates in two layers: the inner layer width of 178 mm for the outer — 229 mm. The total thickness of the armor belt with open U-teak-lined project reached 457 mm. Barbet defended similarly.

Had to make a two-layer armor because plant was not able to roll the slab width above 229mm. Eight similar vertical double expansion steam engines, which served as food for twelve trehtopochnyh ognetrubnyh boiler, set in motion the 6 screws. With all of this on average worked for two cars. These screws on experience testing "Novgorod", had a greater, compared with the central and lateral, width (4.27 meters compared to 3.2). Their propeller shafts have been extended and lowered, because the blade propellers working in the deepest water, while below the level of the bottom. Vulnerability of the screws when the likely impacts caused Collision or mooring proposal Gulyaev EE put them into the tunnels, but taking into account the purpose ships, the idea abandoned. Andrey recommended for passage of shallow recessed screws with double bottoms flood the compartment so the bow and say "jump" obstacle, or lock the screws in the middle position of the smaller penetration. Specifically, this blocked equipped with 3 vanes unlike other. Of course, for growth, as stated at the time, "Driving force" AA Popov deliberately sacrificed shallow draft — one of the advantages of the round ship.

Offering second Popivka provide tremendous seaworthiness, compared with the "Novgorod" Admiral of time construction significantly increment amount upper superstructure. Now add-in was a freeboard of ordinary vessel, mounted on a circular platform hull. The deck was placed at the level of the open tower. From boards to pipe sections (larger and smaller than the first Popivka) extended bridges, more elevated, compared with the "Novgorod", because of the 4 87-mm cannon mounted on the setting.

New Battleship supposed to be equipped airborne mine poles, but for some reason abandoned their devices. The aft superstructure installed davits, lifting full-floating such "Novgorod", while firing in the direction of the stern of the boat head-caliber lower a little on the deck.

"Vice-Admiral Popov," at the end of June 1876 came to the factory test equipment. Ship immediately headed for a speed of 8 knots, as reported to the management here delighted admiral. Official tests, which began a month, accompanied by constant breakdowns of machines. After a few test flights between Nikolaev and Sevastopol, the Commission adopted in August Popovka the treasury. With all of this acceptance rules, as in "Novgorod" have not been met: did not give a full stroke, fearing for the integrity of the devices, boilers steam pressure does not exceed 4.2 atmospheres. (In this case, depending on the properties of its coal consumption ranged from 2.15 to 3.3 tons per hour.) However, for a car was shot chart at 4 atmospheres: power equal to 511 and. liter. s. The Commission had carried out comparative tests turn round vessels in which the last side screws showed low efficiency of the act. "Vice-Admiral Popov" with 6 screws overtaking "Novgorod", which was in full swing, 1.75 unit, with 4 screws, without the latter — also move faster, losing a little more than 1 unit, while working 2- medium — even a little, but his own brother was overtaking. Second Popivka buried without screws to more than 4 nodes failed. Immediately after these experiments, it was decided to remove the side screws and the machine with both courts.

Suffice nasty circumstance was unreliable machines for 40-ton guns, "Vice-Admiral Popov." These 305-millimeter guns of the project is to put on the "declining" machines that allow hiding after firing guns under the protection of Barbette. For the base of the British system, adapted to the Obukhov guns. These developments involved Lieutenant Tales LA The whole system according to the drawings of lieutenant ordered in the UK. But due to the ex
pected rupture with Turkey and bringing the Black Sea Fleet in readiness decided not to risk and guns fall 1876 machines installed at railway construction Pestich FB-like machines "Novgorod". In time first firings conducted in October-November revealed their weakness … In addition at shots damage received superstructure and the hull had strong vibrations. It was necessary to reinforce the tools, add-ins and barbet. To strengthen the barbet was placed under the deck is another radial bulkhead, and between the tower and it had a 6 cabins for officers.

In the spring of 1877 meet the new fire during combat training popovok. Shield towed from ships at a distance of up to 15 cables; Admiral Nikolay Arkas denounced "the shooting was very successful …". According to the report of the commander of the "Vice-Admiral Popov," the fixtures and machines gave way, but the very tools platform fought against each other, deck and superstructure were damaged.

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