Modern Myths and Legends of the Samara Bend in the research group "Avesta"
Igor L. Pavlovich, head of the research group "Avesta" Warrior Oleg, a member of the research group "Avesta", Samara
"With sadness and regret to say that the legends and traditions, which are sung Lada, little known to the modern reader. Much has already been covered, or covered with dust of oblivion. How amazingly bright legends printed in the old editions, has turned into a unique rarity in heritage archives and museums. " Kuz'menko, "Pearls of Lada".
By the mid-twentieth century, the inhabitants of many of the major cities of the Earth has increased interest in the "unusual", this interest gradually became largely dominant. Now the question is: "Is this something of interest particularly unique phenomenon unique to the modern era?" Probably not!
We can assume that in the information field, covering any society, "unusual" — a kind of boundary between everyday life, reality and the unknown. The stories on this topic contains information relating to this or that phenomenon, event, object, which can not be fully nor deny nor confirm (Samara researcher, who had taken refuge under the pseudonym "A.Muhin" proposes to call such information — myth-facts).
The boundary of the unknown, as are many other definitions of "unusual", is quite naturally expressed the cultural and historical character. For example, in the XII-XVI centuries see the face of the Virgin Mary in the sky of Europe uncommon could not be. However, in the twentieth century, this feature has been replaced by its opposite.
An example of another type is the transmission of sound or images at ultra distances. What once was a kind of fairy-tale reality of the past, science fiction of the 19th century, has become a daily reality of today.
It should be noted that in the Soviet concept of "unusual" in the late 70s of the twentieth century was shaped very strange synthesis of the amazing advances in science, the growing distrust of any officially claimed allegedly sketchy fragments of endangered folk superstitions and intensifying religious and mystical influence (later everything contributed to "launch" the so-called "adjustment of consciousness" that resulted in the formation of a new view of their surroundings.)
Significant contribution to the formation of the so-called "payroll" of elements currently defined the category of "unusual" (this is a UFO, and "Bigfoot" and "neo-dinosaurs" and fireballs, and more) was particularly , introduced alongside magazines such as "Anthology of mysterious cases of" magazine "Technology of Youth" and a series of television programs such as "Incredible, but true." It is these media to a certain extent that formed the conceptual framework on the basis of which came in the future perception of the various manifestations of "unusual" in Russia.
It should be recalled that in those years, almost all the "ordinary" in the Soviet Union took place (was) somewhere very far away from big cities — for example, in the Altai Mountains, the Caucasus, the Urals, in the snowy Siberian taiga or the Arctic Circle.
Gradually unfolding information boom intensified involvement in the circulation of information and resources of local importance.
Probably one of the first to call attention to the local stuff about the "unusual" was a resident of Samara VI Stepanov. Similar processes occurred in other cities of the former USSR, for example, in the Yaroslavl region with a local story about the "unusual" actively worked Kukushkin. (Kukushkin V. "Chimera Tracts X", M.: Innovation, 1997).
In those years, interest in the "unusual" in the majority of Soviet citizens had a pronounced consumer interest. Find somewhere interesting article, but rather a book and read. Residents of the city of Kuibyshev (Samara) in this regard was not something exceptional. Of course, there were some examples of people who are actively interested in "unusual." Peter was a group of Molotov, who tried to look for the mysterious inhabitant of the lake Labynkor in the cold of Yakutia was in Samara Vladimir Avinsky, surrounded by a group of like-minded developing theme paleo-contact, there were others, such as exploring the mystery of the Tunguska meteorite … But by and large, all of these people have had on the lives of millions of effects so weak that it is practically possible and was not taken into account. Certain stimulus, podhlestnuvshim interest Volzhan to the "unusual", has become a fixation of mass UFO sightings, especially Event September 13, 1990 — "attack" UFO on one of the military radar station.
In this regard, which was formed in the early 80s in the wake of the awakened interest in "unusual" in the local context of the Samara group of researchers faced this virgin land almost untouched by the information field.
So what's been done for almost twenty years of hard work?
The most important feature of the local material about the "unusual" was the fact that, with the amazing similarity of story lines, local stuff about the "unusual" had an incredibly low potential reproducibility (fame) and near-zero-documented historical anchor.
In modern daily life unusual often shows itself in the field of information (the message, the story, true stories, myth, and so on), is less common material manifestation (object, process, impact, etc.), or a trace more or less preserved in the locality. Most modern scholars agree that the ordinary meaning of the poorly understood. (For more details see: Nayser W. "Knowledge and Reality", Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1981; beer VM "Mythological consciousness as a way of development of the world", Petrozavodsk, 1992; Novichkova TA "The epic and myth. Urban Legends", St. Petersburg., Science, 2001, "The modern urban folklore", Moscow, Nauka, 2003).
In this regard, the Samara group of "Avesta" to some extent continues the work begun in the West so researchers such as Charles Fort and KG Young (Charles Fort "in 1001 forgotten miracle", St. Petersburg, 1997; KG Jung "A modern myth", Moscow, Nauka, 1993).
In the Soviet Union in this area particularly successful work of such scholars as V.Sanarov and Ph.D. AM Burovsky. (B. Sanarov "UFOs and enlonavty in light of folklore," the magazine "Soviet Ethnography", N2, 1979; A. Burovsky "Unusual stories of various castles and villages" / / Collection "Siberian horror" N1, N3, N5 Krasnoyarsk "Olma-Press "2000-2002).
More than twenty years (from 1984 to 2006), the Samara group of researchers led local lore collection and, whenever possible, check any messages about the unusual, mysterious and enigmatic in the Volga region, studying the so-called modern mythological space of the Volga region. It should be noted that expressing this observation, the researcher gets on very shaky ground, because currently there is not only a common understanding of what modern mythology, but the generally accepted definition of the term "mythology."
Currently in today's society is quite clearly seen three mythological provisions:
— The myth of the "other," which includes stories about the UFO people (and UFOs), Baptist, mutants, werewolves, etc.;
— The myth of the "foreign-reality", including concepts of "terra incognita", parallel universes and space-time transitions;
— The myth of the "vital force" and "transformation."
All three of the above areas is quite characteristic of the territory of the Samara Bend.
Some results of this work were presented in a series of b
ooks "Modern Myths of the Volga" ("Legends of the Volga Dungeon", "Mirages over Lada", "shadow play"), as well as in a series of newspaper and magazine publications.
These books attempt was made to connect the mythological component of information about the various miracles and mysteries of the Volga with the information on the actually existing objects and data collected in the course of numerous field trips. Thus spent a lot of hard work to raise the extremely scattered information of any instances of "unusual" in the Middle Volga.