Lively debate in the health and business is the problem azbestu. This tonkavalaknisty minerals firmly entrenched in the lives of millions of people born in the Soviet Union and now lives in most of the former Soviet Union. Azbest — is, first of all, Schiffer, which cover roofs and slabs for cladding. He also is a member of fabrics for garments of fire and metallurgy. Because of the ability to delay bacteria, harmful substances and even radiation it is used in the filters in the food, nuclear, aerospace, construction and pharmaceutical industries. Particles azbestu give strength and elasticity of the bills and stamped paper.
The largest producer of azbestu — Russia. It produces more than a million tons of minerals a year, 70% of produced is exported.
Meanwhile from the beginning of 2005, the European Union and a number of Western countries have banned the use azbestu in any form. As demonstrated by studies conducted by the World Health Organization, the microscopic fibers azbestu, getting into the lungs to cause cancer, scarring of lung tissue (azbestoz), chronic bronchitis and many other diseases.
In this regard, the United States began to pay compensation for damage to health caused by the use of azbestavyh building materials, while the European Commission has allocated more funding to the former Soviet republics — Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia to replace such popular in the 1970-1990's slate roof to the metal. Under the supervision of physicians were employees whose work was related to azbestava-cement industries. I should add that in these former Soviet republics, especially in Estonia, azbest very widely used not only in the construction of roofs, but also as electrical and thermal insulation material, seal the concrete and polymer gukaizalyatar. This was added to paints, adhesives, sealants, tile, refractory materials and cords.
As follows from the data obtained by the Finnish Institute of Health and Institute of Health to work on the spread of occupational diseases caused by azbestam, "such diseases only in Estonia are observed in every tenthe man, who had to deal with this stuff. "
According to the Finnish researcher Jaak Pyluste, among the most common occupational diseases caused by azbestavym fiber that enters the lungs — ushchylnenne lungs. The most severe consequences of the same — cancer, which may be delayed for years or even decades. This, for example, mezateliema peritoneum and pleura. The latter is also called carcinoma of the lung.
Those who change their slate roof on metal, Finnish researchers provide, among other things, the kind of advice: "Do not throw Schiffer on the ground, not razbivats it and do not use in the repair of roads, as the dust can get into the lungs children." Local authorities are also advised to help people get rid of old plates eternitavyh high azbestu.
Meanwhile kantseragennastsi azbestu theory has many opponents. According to the BBC, as a result of litigation regarding azbestu harm to the health of victims and bankrupted many major Western companies. For example, one of the largest producers of aluminum in the United States — Kaiser Aluminium.
At the trial, lawyers of the company, citing research conducted by independent experts, cited data on byasshkodnastsi azbestu — of course, when used properly, and subject to certain safety standards. The lawyers also argued that, for example, benzene — a substance far more carcinogenic, but no one at the pump does not write that gasoline can cause cancer.
In today's reportage BBC reporters are allowed to speak on the topic of the representatives of the country — the largest producer in the world azbestu.
Members of the Russian Academy of Sciences say: azbestu ban in the EU and the United States seeks to strike a blow at the Russian industry and jobs, and the conclusions of the World Health Organization concerning the harm of minerals exaggerated.
From this position of solidarity and Ukrainian scientists. From the studies carried out in this country, which is also widely used azbest, that the substance is safe for health and that "the objective reasons for the ban Schiffer and other materials with azbestu not."
The materials UAAS notes that "medicine and politics, medicine, and business can often be orthogonal concepts" that is contrary to or inconsistent with each other.
In Belarus, where azbest still widely used, This topic has not yet become central to the community and the authorities. Regardless of income Belarusians cover their roofs with slate and alternative expensive materials, the same metal. Truth in advertising firms offering customers replacement Schiffer, there were suggestions of harm azbestu.