This article is devoted to the topic of Alexei Lastovskogo, published last year in the publication of Yuri Levada Center, "Journal of Public Opinion", and this year is reprinted Internet resources Polit.ru In the study is based on surveys conducted in 2008-2009 by the Institute of Sociology of NAS of Belarus and Sociological Laboratory Novak.
Various surveys show that among Belarusians prevailing view that the roots of the Belarusian statehood lie in the distant past — in the days of the Principality of Polotsk and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In this case, if the elderly are more likely to see these roots in the Byelorussian SSR, even among them the relative majority prefers the more ancient form.
Studies confirm that the Belarusians major historical event is the victory in the Great Patriotic War. At the same time, said Alexei Lastouski, this war is presented in the minds of Belarusians as a terrible ordeal, which proves not only the people's right to exist, but also to the universal respect. At the same time Belarusian image of war is different from the Soviet one. In Belarus, there is a huge number of victims, it plays a special role partisan myth.
"Gradually receding into the past," the Soviet people as a winner of fascism "and its place is the people of Belarus," — says Alexey Lastouski. — We can agree that the historical memory of the Great Patriotic War is the key to the formation of the Belarusian national identity. "
However, among other historic events of the most striking reason to be proud of the country Belarusians find in recent history — is the attainment of independence, which is second only in importance to the victory in World War II, it's sporting achievements, the construction of the National Library and ice rinks.
In a positive view of the role of the Belarusians in the history of the country Alexander Lukashenko — so this role estimate 58%, a negative 8%, it seems contradictory quarters of respondents.
It is interesting to note that in addition to winning the war, other events of the Soviet period Belarusians assessed fairly low profile. For example, is de minimis is the October Revolution. Interestingly, even the all-union events are perceived in the Belarusian painting — at the mention of space exploration not remember Gagarin and Klymuk and Kovalenok.
"The history of 1917-1991 years in the mass consciousness of Belarusians is not perceived as the past of the Soviet people, and how the past of the Belarusian people in the Soviet Union", — says the author. However, in general, negative, especially the older generation, is perceived decay Soviet Union.
According to surveys among the leaders of the Soviet era uniquely positively evaluated only the figure of Peter Masherova, which again indicates the Belarusian context. However, the estimates are quite independent of age, among the older generations of his positive view of three-quarters of respondents, young people — about 40%.
At the same time the memory of the Soviet past has several painful points: Chernobyl, the war in Afghanistan, the Stalinist purges and collectivisation.
If we talk about historical figures, the most positively evaluated Belarusians educators Skarina Euphrosyne of Polotsk, the high position is also Kastus Kalinowski, who was considered positive in the Soviet times. However, estimates of the Prince of Polotsk Useslaw Sorcerer and Duke Vytautas also positive, with the number of positive ratings significantly higher among young people. The author notes that these characters are absent in the Soviet history books, so that the function in their estimates of the age is understandable.
Alexei Lastouski suggests that despite the weak aktualizavanasts ideas about the past of Belarus pre-Soviet period, it was during this period has the greatest potential to strengthen national identity.