Space — only for millionaires?

As you know, NASA recently minimizes the space program, financed from the state budget, or giving them to the mercy of private companies. It is possible that if the next planet, such as Mars, will still be colonized, the first thing they will be extremely wealthy people …

Voyage into orbit


SpaceShipTwo — private manned suborbital space shuttle

The world's first space tourists have Toyohiro Akiyama (Japan) and Helen Charmaine (UK). In 1990 and 1991, they flew to the Soviet space station "Mir" on the spacecraft "Soyuz TM" in the privately financed projects broadcaster TBS and a consortium of British companies "Juno." In 2001, Dennis Tito, first went into space on its own funds.

Now engaged in the organization of space tours Roskosmos and Space Adventures. So far the only destination for tourists is the International Space Station (ISS). To obtain permission to fly, the candidate must pass a medical examination and receive appropriate training, though not as strong as professional astronauts.
Originally the tour cost to orbit was 20-23 million. Despite the exorbitant prices, the demand for space travel continued to grow, and since July 2007, the price rose to $ 30-40 million. For EVA wishing asked to pay extra $ 15 million.

In total, since 2001, in the circumstellar space as tourists have visited seven people, including one woman — the American Iranian Anousheh Ansari. U.S. billionaire Charles Simonyi, a Hungarian-born flew into orbit even twice: in 2007 and 2009.
A number of companies are developing space flight own money, which will make this type of tourism more affordable. Thus, on 23 June 2008, Russia began selling tickets for the SpaceShipTwo suborbital ship company Virgin Galactic. Cost of one place — about 200 thousand dollars.

How much a ticket to Mars?

Dennis Tito in 2001 became the first space tourist, paying 20 million dollars.  He orbited the Earth 128 times
Dennis Tito in 2001 became the first space tourist, paying 20 million dollars. He orbited the Earth 128 times

And if you do not talk about the tourist voyage, and about more serious things, such as the colonization of other planets? Recently, the American billionaire, co-founder Elon Musk said SpaceX to develop a rocket motor designed for flight to Mars. According to his calculations, the price of "transferring" there a single colonist should reach half a million dollars. And the journey is planned entirely by means of own future Martians.

Let's say at the beginning of the colonization of only one in 100,000 humans will be ready to pay for a ticket to Mars, says Musk. Most likely, by the time the world's population will grow to about 8 billion people. Therefore, we will have as many as 80 thousand potential colonists who purchase tickets for a total of $ 40 billion.
This is enough to create the first colony on Mars as big as a small earthly city. True, you will need more and equip primary database, but the money it will take much less than of transferring humans.
Basically, the idea is quite feasible.

Find 80,000 people who will agree to be a pioneer on an alien planet, you can. Someone will look exotic and romantic, someone — the possibility to leave an overcrowded earth anyone would want to fly away from the problems that have plagued it here … Another question is how these individuals will be fit for Mars exploration. After all, there will require not only the people who know how to make money, but also a variety of scientific and technical experts, teachers, doctors, psychologists, working, finally. Therefore, to ensure the needs of various professionals who need relatively cheap media, and a ticket to Mars can not be worth half a million. As for the handful of millionaires, it is unlikely that they themselves can bring substantial benefits. And invest in this expensive project own funds until none of the oligarchs no hurry.

Give space funeral!

What's next for the first Martian colonists?
Dennis Tito in 2001 became the first space tourist, paying 20 million dollars. He orbited the Earth 128 times

And if you do not talk about the tourist voyage, and about more serious things, such as the colonization of other planets? Recently, the American billionaire, co-founder Elon Musk said SpaceX to develop a rocket motor designed for flight to Mars. According to his calculations, the price of "transferring" there a single colonist should reach half a million dollars. And the journey is planned entirely by means of own future Martians.

Let's say at the beginning of the colonization of only one in 100,000 humans will be ready to pay for a ticket to Mars, says Musk. Most likely, by the time the world's population will grow to about 8 billion people. Therefore, we will have as many as 80 thousand potential colonists who purchase tickets for a total of $ 40 billion.
This is enough to create the first colony on Mars as big as a small earthly city. True, you will need more and equip primary database, but the money it will take much less than of transferring humans.
Basically, the idea is quite feasible.

Find 80,000 people who will agree to be a pioneer on an alien planet, you can. Someone will look exotic and romantic, someone — the possibility to leave an overcrowded earth anyone would want to fly away from the problems that have plagued it here … Another question is how these individuals will be fit for Mars exploration. After all, there will require not only the people who know how to make money, but also a variety of scientific and technical experts, teachers, doctors, psychologists, working, finally. Therefore, to ensure the needs of various professionals who need relatively cheap media, and a ticket to Mars can not be worth half a million. As for the handful of millionaires, it is unlikely that they themselves can bring substantial benefits. And invest in this expensive project own funds until none of the oligarchs no hurry.

Give space funeral!

What's next for the first Martian colonists?
What's next for the first Martian colonists?

But if you do not want to live, to be buried in space — more than enough! Some American billionaires, rumored to have bought a burial site on the Moon and asteroids. For the first time such a service is offered by Celestis. In April 1997, the missile "Pegasus" delivered into orbit 24 mini-urns containing the ashes of humans. To date, there is dust in space for several thousand people, mostly celebrities. Among them, for example, U.S. astronaut Gordon Cooper and actor James Doohan, who played engineer Scotty in the popular TV series "Star Trek."
However, according to experts, the majority of capsules containing the ashes in fact fall within the WHO-action earth's gravity.

They are attached to the last stage of the rocket, and sooner or later they will just burn up in the atmosphere, and the ashes scattered. The entire process can take from a few days up to 250 years … The usefulness of the funeral, of course, not name. Moreover, as a rule, the ashes are sent to their destination, "economy class": in one container can hold up to hundreds of capsules. Besides, no one will send the ashes to deliver a special rocket remains flying as a "burden" to other space programs … The cost of this "ritual services" in the American funeral of a few thousand dollars. Less affordable accommodation cremated on the moon. In the same company Celestis cost of sending one gram of ash is about 10 thousand dollars. If a symbolic ceremony you are not happy, then you will have to pay millions of dollars for something, to go back beyond the Earth as a whole.

Our DNA is in space?

However, do not despair: the project DNA Astronauts you can launch into space their own genes? It's enough just to pay a modest amount (60 to 100 dollars) and cut three strands of hair from which experts allocate gene. The rest is, as they say, a trick. The only condition: you can apply no later than three months before the launch.

When DNA samples are prepared, they are placed in a special capsule. There is a lot of samples at once, which makes the price of the service of such democratic. Along with genes into orbit also take mementoes that aliens, if they ever meet on the way, probably curious to get.

DNA necessarily notify the holder of the date of launch of the missile, and it can either be present at the event in person, or watch it on network video stream. After the rocket capsule displays a height of several thousand kilometers, that is many years flying around the planet at a speed of 1,000 kilometers per hour. True, it is unclear what the benefits of this will be the owners of DNA. For example, later cloned from these genetic patterns of the human species will not work: it is a mitochondrial DNA, which is inherited through the maternal line, and consists of 37 genes. On it you can just follow the evolution of our species. But if the genetic material falling into the hands or even strangers to our distant descendants, it may be of interest to them. Thus, the outstanding British science fiction Arthur C. Clarke during his lifetime sent into space a lock of his hair, hoping that one day, using this genetic material, it is cloned again.

However, we are interested to see the space with their own eyes, and what DNA can tell? After all, the "masters" of genes and remain on Earth …

Category: Astronomy and Space

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