September 29, 2012 23:43
Slavs — is the oldest, the large family of nations, which is proud of its history. Unfortunately, modern Slavs, the Russian people have very little knowledge of how their ancestors lived in the pre-Christian epic times. Information about the life of the Slavs in ancient times almost not taught in schools, and even in the history departments paid not much time.
Very few people from the Russian people know how their ancestors saw the world, what they believed. Therefore, for our people is of great cultural significance famous "Veles book" (another name — Vlesova book, the Book of Veles, Vles book Vleskniga, Planks Izenbeka, Doschki Izenbeka), tells about the events from the IX century BC. e. until the time of Askold, Dir and Rurik (9 our century AD). As is the case with "The Tale of Igor's Campaign", the authenticity of the work has repeatedly been questioned. Most of the scientific world still thinks it's a fake. The most likely forger text said P. Mirolyubova, which first published the text in 1950 in San Francisco. However, be that as it may, "Veles book" is an important source for the pre-Christian history of Russia. Moreover, the information that is reported in this source, the study confirms a number of contemporary authors, for example, YD Petukhov.
Sergei Paramonov (Sergei Forest), wrote that "Veles book" — is apparently "the oldest Russian original source at our disposal." We present a source for "unknown Slavic language", which is a huge difficulty for translation and understanding. Source gives a lot of information about the faith of the ancient Rus, which was monotheistic (all gods, spirits, essences were the one God — the Father.) Reported that prior to the adoption of Christianity Russ knew about the Trinity, the immortality of the soul, there vyriya-Iria (Paradise), etc.
The history of "Veles book" is known since the Civil War, when in 1919, the Volunteer Army Col. Theodore Arturovich Izenbek, grandson of Kokand Beck and son of a Russian officer, found in one of the noble estates plundered Orel (or Kursk province) wooden tablets on which were written strange letters. After the war, fate brought him to Brussels. Fedor (Ali) kept his secret, as if anticipating the significance of their findings.
Izenbek friends with other emigres — Yuri Petrovich Mirolyubovo (1892 — 1970), peace was a member of the First World War, fought in the armies of Denikin. He was an amateur historian who is interested in the prehistory of Slavic Rus. Mirolyubov at the time he wrote a poem about Prince Svyatoslav and tried to find examples of ancient pre-Christian period of speech. Izenbek showed him his find and peace literally sick boards. For years, he tried to decipher the text, restore plaques, inscriptions on them, copy it. He managed to rewrite most of the text (up to 75%). Mirolyubov was convinced that the creature before him sorcerer 9th century, which was against the Vikings and Greeks, praising the greatness of the past Russes. In 1941 Izenbek died, while Belgium was occupied by the Germans and the archives have disappeared in the depths of the Gestapo. It is believed that they were in the Ahnenerbe ("German Society for the study of ancient history and heritage of the German ancestors"), and after the war in the United States. According to another version, the boards' Veles book "along with archives Ahnenerbe were in the Soviet Union and to this day, kept in closed storage.
Mirolyubov, fearing that it would be called a falsifier, but in 1948 decided to report the find to the Russian Museum (Museum of Russian Culture) in San Francisco. In 1953, Alexander became interested in this information Kurenkov (A. Kur). Kurenkov as Mirolyubov was a member of the First World War, fought in the Civil War on the side of the White movement, in 1923, he emigrated to the United States. A historian, was fond linguistics, also sought the origins of the Russian people. In this issue of the Russian Museum — "The Firebird" in the years 1957-1959 were systematically publish texts plates. In addition, the published text plates in his book "Vlesova book" Sergei Forest. In the end, only three editorial "Veles book": typing P. Mirolyubova, published in the "Firebird", the publication of the book S. Forest. In Russia, the text was first published in full in 1990 OV Tvorogova. Confirmation that the boards were not invented Mirolyubovo, is the fact that Izenbek in 1923 showed their Russian emigre historians in Belgrade.
Forest-Paramonov 1959 Soviet scientists sent a photocopy of one of the plates. In 1960, in "Problems of Linguistics» (№ 2) response was published, signed by philologist and paleographer LP Zhukovsky. In her view, the language boards testified about a fake, it is not possible for the 9th century. Apparently, it is AI Sulakadzeva (1771 — 1830), the collector of manuscripts and various historical documents, the historian and archaeographer amateur, was known for numerous frauds. For example, he created psevdoyazycheskie texts — "Hymn of Boyana", "Broadcast Slavic priests," "Patriarsi", "On Kitovras, fables and koschuny." Some rigging were carved on beech boards.
This criticism not confused Forest, he reported on the tablets in 1963 at the International Congress of Slavic, in 1966 in Canada, published a monograph, which placed the text of several unpublished plates. It is thanks to the Forest, Izenbeka plates are called "Vlesovoy (Veles) book. The reason for this was the phrase of the plates 16a "Vles kniru siu ptschemo nshemu bru …" ("Vles-dedicate this book to our God"). Veles (Volos) was the god-ruler of the underworld and also wisdom, magic, is the patron saint of storytellers, agriculture, livestock and trade.
After the death of the Forest in 1967, the baton in the study received the text of Sanskrit, Slavic Vladimir Shayan. In 1972, the publisher Nikolai Fedorovich Skrypnik published all found text. In Sweden, the text investigated by Shtepa in Australia Sokolov, in the U.S. V. Kachur, France BA Rehbinder etc.
In the USSR, known experts (V. Buganov, Mongait A., F. Filin, O. cottage cheese, etc.) considered fake tablets Mirolyubova may Sulakadzeva. The causes of hostility to the "Veles book" wings not only in hostility to the "Whites", political factors. But in the usual dislike academic professionals to "lovers" like Mirolyubova and Forestry. As a result, the full text of the "Book of Veles" the Soviet Union was not available to the general reader.
In the 1990s, in support of the "Book of Veles" reputable scientists were specialists: Ph.D., Academician Yu Runners (Moscow), a professor of philology BI Yatsenko (Kiev), professor of Milan and the University of Belgrade, Institute of early Slavic Studies in London Radivoje Pesic, Professor, Doctor of Philology Miroevich Radom. For the authenticity of the "Book of Veles" spoke Scientific Council of the International Slavic Institute named after GR Derzhavin. At the International Symposium "The destruction and Renaissance Slavic civilization" in London (1992), "Veles book" was recognized as an important element common Slavic values.
Were published translations of "Veles book" made by professional linguists: the Ukrainian language — BI Yatsenko (Kyiv, 1994), in Serbo-Croatian — P. Pesic (Belgrade, 1997), in Russian — NV Slatina (Omsk , 2000). Less professional Russian translations AI aces, G. Karpukhina. Thus, reconstruction aces interesting written exciting, but controversial in the scientific sense. The author did a great job in promoting the theme, but put his stamp on the publication of the imagination. Aces was recorded in "inscribing" new characters, rehabilitation obvious fakes, like "Boyanova anthem."
It should be noted that the "Veles book" for the past two decades has been an important part not only of Russian, Slavic paganism, but the whole Slavic culture. It utilizes the poets (I. Kobzev, M. Karpenko), writers (Alekseev), artists (Glazunov, A. Klimenko), the authors of documentaries. Based on the data of this work are the reconstruction of their pagan rites of Ukraine and Russia.
It is clear that there is still much work to study this document. But it should be noted that much of the "ancient" Roman, Greek source was created in the Middle Ages, it is doubtful origin of the famous "The Iliad" and "Odyssey," the Scandinavian Edda, many books of the Bible were not written by people who are reported by the authors, to the as "Scripture" has repeatedly been edited.
"Veles book" aroused great public interest. The secret of this is that people feel the sincerity of the emotions and thoughts of the author (s), in the unity of artistic form and profound ideological content. The authors speak of love for one's homeland without fear and greed and the need to give my life for him during the invasion of enemies, fight for Russia in a life-and-death. Taught to keep the unity of power, remember the past, customs and beliefs. This makes "Veles book" close to any Russian person, Slav, a patriot. Particularly relevant was the source in the 1990s, when the Soviet system collapsed, and Russia invaded eastern and western creeds, religions, sects and ideas. "Veles book" teaches us to "Russian-ness", recalls the relationship with a great past, which is not the end of the Baptism of Russia abroad.
Here are some examples of ideas that are eternal, "All day long we see as another evil done in Russia, and are waiting for is for the good. And that would not be otherwise, if not unite their forces and take one goal in our thoughts. This tells us a voice ancestors … and will fight for our lives as heroes, not brute beasts that do not know anything. " Or this: "It is better to be dead than live like a slave working for others. You never lived better slave master, who took it. "
"And the old days — that our good. 'll Get them to the hardness and strength, so that the enemies meet, as befits ».
Author of the book not only teaches, but tersely but vividly describes the lives of our ancestors, their battles, works, relocation rites slavleniya gods. "We are on the ground, like a spark. Disappear into the darkness, as if we had not been. Only our glory comes to Mother Glory and continue in it until the end of the earth and other lives. So we were there to be afraid of death, if we are the descendants of the glorious? "
"Veles book" celebrates not only exploits the soldiers, but also work simple ploughmen, shepherds. The labor of the common man as sacred and honorable, as Ratna service. Celebrates democracy — veche system. Calls for unity of the Russian lands — "Borus (Big Russ) common things can, not ten!"
Interestingly prophecy Svarog (god Russes) to his people: "And a great nation, you win the whole world and potopchite other genera, which, drawing strength from the stone, they do wonders, without horses carts. And all you do miracles without wizards, for anyone to come in as a wizard, and food to create, spells acting on the ground, and the earth obey. And there are many, many words, and those words fooled you, and people who had gold coins, and for those coins you sell enemies, though that. " Apparently, we are talking about the military victories of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union and the rise and fall of the 20th century. When Russia-USSR-Russia crushed by information and financial and economic warfare.
"Veles book" is not an imitation of the Indian Vedas or Scandinavian Edda, a phenomenon deeply Russian, Slavic. It reflects the best of organically Slavic-Russian character — hard work and peace in everyday life, courage and sacrifice in battle, loyalty to the community, the world, the motherland, the poetry of nature. Russian gods — is not despots and gentlemen, and good and all-powerful relatives and parents. Not Russian aggression, cruelty, the cult of violence. It is famous not conquerors and defenders.
The genre of "Veles book" is difficult to define — it is not record-chronicle, not mythological or philosophical treatise, not prayer, not conversion. It is a synthesis of all the above. Monument could be described as chaotic, if not the main idea of work — self-sacrificing defense of the Fatherland, and the common theme — the historical fate of the Slavs, Rus.