The most striking discovery of the XXI century — Comet Novichonok Nevsky

Amateur astronomer from Russia Artem Novichonok with his Belarusian counterpart Vitaly Nevsky discovered comet, which is designed to be the brightest in the current decade. Post the relevant content is already available in the portal the Minor Planet Center of the International Astronomical Union.

The opening of the new comet was made on September 21 at the time of the observations at the observatory in Kislovodsk,
which is part of an international network of observatories ISON. After the discovery of the origin of comets, it has been confirmed by several observatories, including Mount Lemmon Observatory, located in the U.S., Maidanak Observatory in Uzbekistan. Comet C/2012 S1 received index (ISON).

According to our calculations, the new comet in November next year will be held at a distance of 0.012 astronomical units, that is, the average radius of the orbit of the Earth from the sun's light, and already 26 December 2013 — to 0.42 AU from Earth.

Experts ISON-NM observatory point out that, when the comet will not be destroyed at the approach, as it happened with the comet C/2010 X1 (Elenin), it will eclipse in its brightness even comet C/2011 L1 (Pan-STARRS ), thus becoming the brightest in a decade.

At the moment, the comet is beyond the orbit of Jupiter.
Its brightness is estimated at about 18 magnitude. Interestingly, the earlier comet has been observed in December and January. She recorded at the Observatory of Mount Lemmon and Pan-STARRS, which allowed the calculation of the comet with the greatest accuracy.
As practice shows, calculate the comet — any activity that requires considerable time, however, in general simple. Fans of "catching" comets need to spend at least 200-250 hours to get a positive result, that is, to open a new "tail" heavenly body. The most consummate hunter of comets is S. Pons, who for a quarter century has opened three dozen new comets, his record so far, no one has broken, and yet he worked from 1801 to 1827 years, but it has its pitfalls, as in those years, few studied astronomy, so Pons was no serious competition.

American Perrayiu of the Lick Observatory, set a record for the largest number of comet discoveries in a short period of time. From December 1895 to September 1898 he was able to open six new and two short-period comets. If we talk about astronomy today, the palm keeps Japanese amateur astronomer M. Honda, which opened 12 new comets from 1940 to 1968.
A. Mrkos representative of Czechoslovakia, opened one less over 11 years — from 1948 to 1959, and the American L. Pelletier made 10 discoveries in 29 years, W. Bradfield of Australia to open as ten comets, but much faster than its predecessor — in seven years. Interestingly, the first three astronomers have long abandoned the case, while the Australian working hard for the good of the world of astronomy, hitting all amateur and professional dedication and all his new discoveries. The southern hemisphere of the Earth has never known such a persistent hunter comets.

William Bradfield searches comets, since 1972, in his work, he uses a 15-inch refractor with an increase in 26, the field of view of more than 2 ° C and a relative aperture of 1-5,5. Evening and the morning Bradfield, an expert on rocket engines, goes 20-30 miles from the city of Adelaide, so that the light does not mess up the city view for observing the sky. In Bradfield has a program: 1-2 times a month, he reviews the celestial space within 90 ° from the sun, and when the weather is favorable, it is fully examines the sky.

In Bradfield is a set of rules, which he never breaks: do not look for the comet, when the moon is over the age of three days, not hunt in the twilight sky. Conducts searches only upon the occurrence of astronomical twilight, and stops — with the end of twilight. The first search is conducted in the evening sky, two days after the full moon. Bradfield also examines the morning eastern sky for 5-6 hours before the new moon. Observations he starts from the horizon from entering stars rising in the west and in the east, at first viewing those parts of the sky that are "shared" with the Japanese fishers of comets, observing at a latitude of +35 °.

However, there are ways and easier for those who do not like too much to comply with many complex rules, especially as it is just a little bit of an expert used in catching comets. You can search a comet from the comfort of home while her beloved computer, you just download the satellite image SOHO, which are periodically transmitted from orbit and has a visual look at the photo of the comet. Happy fishing!

Text:Catherine Kravchuk-Rudometkin

Category: Astronomy and Space

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