There is a quantum fluid




Four physicists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (California, USA) have published details of their calculations, which prove the existence of a new form of matter — quantum fluid.

The study is based behavior of hydrogen at high pressures. Based on theoretical models scientists calculated curve of the phase transition from solid to liquid at pressures of several atmospheres, and found millions curious phenomenon — at low temperatures and a pressure of about 4 million atmospheres hydrogen must be as similar to a quantum of liquid metal.

Calculations showed that the melting curve of hydrogen has a maximum in the region of 800,000 atmospheres. This maximum can not be explained in terms of conventional molecular dissociation — a phenomenon in which the bonds between the molecules break down — but good enough to explain the theory of the existence of a quantum liquid.


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