Zharnikova SV "Psaltery — an instrument of harmonization of the Universe"
Deputy Director of the Vologda regional scientific-methodical center of folk art, Ph.D., anthropologist. Member of the scientific and social movement "Northern Tradition."
More than 20 years of research Hyperborea, collecting information on particles, restoring appearance amazing country, no less legendary than the famous Atlantis and Shambhala.
Every researcher who has studied the history of Orthodoxy in Russia, stops in front of an inexplicable phenomenon sharply negative attitude to this, seemingly harmless musical instrument as the harp. So another preacher of the 12th century Cyril of Turov threatened posthumous torments those "who practice witchcraft, buzzing in the harp, predicts the tale." In the Book of Needs of the 16th century among the issues in confession is as follows: "Do not sing the song Yasi demons, did not play a harp in Iasi? '. A Superior Pamphilus Pskov scolded for what they "during Kupala Night played tambourines and wheezed and buzzing strings." Historical documents show that at the time of Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov harps were removed from the population and burned carts. Why? Now, apparently, we can answer this question.
But let's start with the fact that in 1903, in the Indian city of Bombay came to light book of prominent Indian scientist and public figure Tilak "The Arctic homeland in the Vedas." Devote his entire life to the study of the native people, he had a long and carefully analyzing ancient traditions, legends and sacred hymns, born in the depths of thousands of ancestors of Indians and Iranians. And those strange phenomena that have been described in the sacred books of the Rig Veda, the Mahabharata, the Upanishads, Tilak concluded that these texts were created in the north of Europe, somewhere near the Arctic Circle. Here is the homeland of the Indo-Iranians, or as they called themselves Aryans. Some of them 4 — 5 thousand years ago, went to the territory of India and Iran. Tilak's book was translated into all European languages translated into Russian for the first time only in 2000, Natalia Guseva Romanovna and was published in Moscow in 2001. In the mid 50-ies of XX-th century eminent Sanskrit scholar Rahula Sankrityayana described the movement in his book "From the Volga to Ganga" and introduced into scientific use a new term — indoslavy. Note that in 1964 one of the greatest Sanskrit scholars of India Professor Durga Prasad Shastri said, "If I were asked what two world language most similar to each other, I would answer without hesitation Russian and Sanskrit."
Thus, the ancient Vedic rites, rituals, sacred texts are relevant to severnorusskoy folk tradition, which the researchers have repeatedly noted that it is characterized by preservation of archaic vestiges of phenomena sometimes are reflected even in the Vedic tradition. It is well known the great importance attached to the Vedic mythology waterfowl — goose, swan, duck, where it symbolizes the sky, the light, the fire, the sun, and the incarnation of the Creator and the universe. So in Sanskrit hamsa — goose — Swan soul who has known the supreme Truth, the supreme spirit, light, fire, sacred music in Rome, the music of the universe.
But in the Russian folk tradition of waterfowl images play a crucial role. Often it is the goose, swan, duck mark a sphere of the sacred in the ritual songs of the calendar cycle. And in these songs is harps are an essential component of the sacred sound of the text. An example is the pre-wedding song recorded in the Arkhangelsk region, "where the geese were you, where you spend the night where he slept, visited. We slept at the princess, visited the pervobrachnoy. And what does the princess? In harp playing, equipping gifts. "
In harp hummed, and here it is worth remembering that in the Russian dialects and Sanskrit "gu" means sound. Neither Hooke — no sound, no guknut, that is not sound. But apart from this termite "gu" in Sanskrit means more and walk around. Recall the Russian word for a walk. We are walking holiday, we'll walk the wedding, then there are sounds and moving. And here we come, perhaps, to the main point.
In the ancient Vedic texts, the books of the epic Mahabharata, and Adiparva Ashvamedhikaparva said that the creation of the universe is as follows. In thought and expression, which is articulated by the thought of the Creator, there was some huge egg, "as the eternal seed of all beings. It was the true light the eternal Brahma — wonderful, unpresentable, omnipresent. He who is hidden and not detectable cause real and not real. " Brahmo a union of male and female, that is something in between. He had only one property is sound. In Ashamedhikaparve Brahmo called Ultralight light ether. It is this light Ultralight created space and made the basis of personality, which is essentially heavenly. Note that Ultralight light is the name of our background with you Russian icons. Brahma in the old Aryan texts called ether. And states — the highest element of ether. He has only one property, and it is called sound. Ether produces seven sounds and chord. Then the sound of air traffic or generate wind. And he already has two properties, sound and touch, that is inertia. And inertia is an intrinsic property of wind and movement. By reducing the speed of light, or in excess of the ether, as a result of contact — inertia, there is visible light, composed of the seven colors of the spectrum, which correlates with the seven pervozvukami. Properties of light is sound, touch and look. Moreover, an intrinsic property of light (visible light), is precisely the image. All that you and I see in this world is what has the image. Born out of sound and movement, that visible light is on the border, referring to the world as the light of divine right and as a way to peace shown by Reveal.
Note that in sermons against paganism in X11 — X111 century in "The Tale of the creature and the days of the week Recom" states that the Russian pagans worshiped in the first day of the seven-day week (Sunday) is not the sun, claiming that the sun was just a real embodiment of light and white the light, the light that is universal. Wrote Boris Rybakov, that this light, having no visible source is not tangible and inscrutable, as the emanation of divine creative world, and was the subject of medieval pagan worship. In the sacred texts of the Upanishads say that the universal light it zlatotsvetnaya bird that lives in the heart of the sun. Fire called white bird carrying a light. The Sanskrit word for fire, "purifying, cleansing," sounds like a pavane and pavaka — clean, bright light. Furthermore, Pavane is a fresh breeze, and Pavane Mann is the name of many hymns of praise. But in severnorusskih ceremonial songs waterfowl goose — a swan is called pavanka, peafowl, pavane. Thus, fire, and a hymn of praise in Sanskrit, is directly related to the name severnorusskim goose — swan — pavanka, peafowl, pavane. And here it is worth remembering that the Old Slavic ritual bonfires V1 — V century BC looked like pieces of flaming swans. What evidence found by archaeologists ashpan — the remains of campfires. Knowing that in the old tradition, the musical mood associated with geese, swans, creates music space that is comparable to the harp in this mythopoetic along with weaving of world harmony, one can understand why the author of "The Song of Igor's Campaign" links in a single image a flock of swans and live strings — gusel are driving fingers prophetic Bojana, both on the basis of ducks threads, creating a weave epic song.
In the Rig Veda gimnotvorchestvo sages (rishis or Rush) is a process in which the supreme creative power of the word (voiced the thought) creates space, it weaves. On the unity of concepts tabby pattern and song, weave cloth, to explain the song, shows the term Sanskrit as "prastava" analog in severnorusskom dialect "prastava", "prastavka." But severnorusskaya "prastavka", "prastava" is embroidered or woven pattern-filled strip of cloth that adorns the shirts, aprons, towels ends religionists, tablecloths, wedding sheets, that is, notwithstanding that the sacred things. Sanskrit is "prastava" — a sacred text, a hymn of praise. So in the hymns of the Rig Veda the poet-singer asks for her help, weaving work, and says that the new and the new thread is woven into the sky and into the ocean enlightened poets. Moreover, within the text of the national anthem, the term "prastava" has many meanings: "prastava" — a fire, the sun, the risen sun, the time after the sun, air, rain, wind, summer, speech, human skin, the call of love, the three worlds. Thus, fulfilling the sacred hymn, the poet-singer-musician put together into one the three worlds. Voice, singing ritual as weft is woven from threads — the words on the threads basics — strings fabric of the universe. In this structure, a musical instrument is virtually identical to the loom. It is no accident in the Vedic texts, millennial-old said about the three strands framework along which goose-light-fire, creating a material world.
A three-winged ancient harp, it is very close to the ideal musical instrument — a divine instrument. Think about the words of the hymns of the ancient Vedas conspiracies — Adharva Vedas — a story about the preservation of the harmony in the universe: "Two UNIC scurry basis, six pegs two scurrying, one other yarn stretches and do not break it, do not interrupt. Here pegs — they base the sky became voices for weaving shuttles. " Mentioned in the hymn of six poles, three on each side, which spanned three strings — the warp (gunas) are sacred pillars, on which the Rig Veda says "Like geese lined up in rows, columns came to us dressed in a bright raised before fire poets, gods take the path of the gods. "
Psaltery players from year to year, from century to century, from the Millennium Goals, constantly in the process of creative inspiration repeated the act of creation of the universe. They are buzzing, so the sound of traffic and gu gu, creates the third component — the visible light, but showing all the manifestations of the universe, the whole material, illusory world. They feed off the light space, preventing chaos destroy it, saving our world and the supreme law of life. It is no coincidence for them, which is also called clowns and "skomrat" in Sanskrit means messenger, the messenger, saying "going with the light on the light." And in that struggle for the spiritual power that was in Russia for a millennium, apparently, they have remained unbeaten, since even at the end of a XX-th century in Russia remained archaic form gusli living tradition that has been found in the expedition of the Leningrad Conservatory Pskov, Novgorod and Kirov regions.