Yak-130 and the coming of his relatives

Yak-130 (NATO on ordering: Mitten — mitten) — combat training aircraft UBS made in OKB. Yakovlev, in collaboration with the Italian company Aermacchi. The aircraft is designed to substitute Russian Air Force obsolete training aircraft L-39. During the development of joint work with the Italians were suspended over any of the companies implemented their vision without the help of others. Yak-130 became the first aircraft, which was one hundred percent of the latest development (rather than upgrading existing machines) made in Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The tender for the supply of a new Air Force trainer aircraft he walked around the MiG-AT. Need Russian army in such aircraft is about 250 units.

Yak-130 is equipped with a digital control system encompassing development MIEA — KSU-130, which makes the function of active safety systems, automatic control. This system allows for training purposes reprogram properties maneuverability and durability of aircraft depending on the type of the simulated aircraft. Yak-130 — is UBS, which allows pilots to prepare for aircraft belonging to the 4th and 5th generation (MiG-29, Su-30, F-15 and F-16, Eurofighter Typhoon and Rafale, F-22, F-35, also PAK FA). The Yak-130 has a system of electrical display, which is built on a 3-function LCD digital display (MFTSI), measuring 15 by 20 cm without electromechanical devices.

Yak-130 — is the traditional scheme of a monoplane with swept mid-wing and all-moving horizontal tail. Developed nodules located in front of the wing, ensure sustainable management of the machine at angles of attack up to 35 degrees. The aircraft equip retractable tricycle landing gear with low pressure. The introduction of the chassis allows the operation of the machine on unpaved airfields. The auxiliary power unit TA-14, the owner of an electric AC allows autonomous operation of the Yak-130 with the appearance of emergency situations or in remote airfields, can also be used in flight.

Aircraft to equip a digital-wire control system, which has quadruple redundancy. Each pilot's seat Resettled ejection seat belonging to the class of "0-0". Bailout is "a lamp" cab and provides non-hazardous leaving the aircraft crew in different emergency situations, including at zero speed and zero altitude.

UBS concept implies the Yak-130 different weapons and the ability to model the introduction of different types of combat aircraft. The aircraft has eight hardpoints, located under the wings, and one suspension assembly under the fuselage. This allows the aircraft to carry up to 3000 kg. useful payload, including various missiles, bombs and containers with different equipment. Includes an option for which the Yak-130 can be equipped a system of refueling in the air.

Serial production of Yak-130 is planned to be deployed on 2 aircraft plants — in Irkutsk, and Nizhny Novgorod. At the current time, the number of messages ordered aircraft is constantly changing, it is estimated that by 2015, the Russian Air Force to get 60 aircraft of this type to ensure that priority needs in the training of military pilots. Over time, these machines will have to park quite a change outdated trainer aircraft L-39, the estimated it would have to occur within the next 10-13 years. Specifically, the Yak-130 will be the basis Russian combat trainer aircraft. On December 2012 as part of the Russian Air Force is 26 aircraft of this type.

The new aircraft out much more expensive and heavier than the previous L-39, but with all this acquired entirely new features that allow you to use the machine not only as a flying "training desks", and as a light attack aircraft, fighter-bomber aircraft and spy EW. In all of these cases required to make configurations at 15% of the basic model. Worked out well as the creation of an option based on the Yak-130 is a family of promising attack drones "Breakthrough", in this case, the treatment capacity will amount to 60%.

The performance properties of the Yak-130:

Dimensions: Wingspan — 9.84 m, the length of the fighter — 11.49 m, height — 4.76 m
Normal take-off weight of the aircraft — 7230 kg., The highest take-off — 10,290 lbs.
The supplies of fuel — 1700 liters.
Motor Type — 2 turbofan engines AI-222-25, thrust — 2h2500 kgf
The highest speed at the ground — 1060 km / h
Operational range — 1600 km., With drop tanks — 2300 km.
Service ceiling — 12,500 m
Crew — 2 people.
Armament: 9 points of the suspension, the critical load — 3000 kg.

Italian SS M-346

The coming foreign counterpart, Russian aircraft actually my brother is an Italian M-346, which initially developed together OKB. Yakovlev and Italy's L'Alenia Aermacchi. At the end with a step of the project, the parties appeared intractable disagreements and they put a joint development. In the end, any of the 2 companies received full documentation on the basic technology of the future version of the airplane (glider). After which they were issued their own models of UBS. With all of this for the Italian SS M-346 will retain the rights to market and distribute all over the world except the CIS, including Russia. The market of the CIS is one hundred percent given to the Russian Yak-130.

Plane was first unveiled at the Farnborough Air Show in July 2008. Introduction of the aircraft structure and titanium composite materials it possible to reduce a weight of approximately 700 kg. in comparison with the initial layout of the Yak-130D, which has a positive effect on the properties of the aircraft.

Noticeable that Italian combat training aircraft kept similar to the Yak-130D (demonstrator) tailpiece, and vertical wind ridge at the junction of the wing and the influx. At the same time, he changed the nose cone shape, there was a boom for refueling in the air, a completely different chassis removed. At the current time the aircraft has been strongly promoted in the market. A big contract now signed with Israel. In February 2012, the Israeli Air Force planes have caught 30 M-346 "Master", the deal amounted to 1 billion. bucks. It is understood that the first UBS will be delivered to the country in 2014. Is noteworthy that the Yak-130 and M-346 are competing with them in contracts for the supply of UBS for the Air Force Philippines and Malaysia.

The performance properties of the M-346:

Dimensions: Wingspan — 9.72 m, the length of the fighter — 11.49 m, height — 4.76 m
Wing area — 23.52 square meters. m
Normal take-off weight of the aircraft — 6700 kg., The highest take-off — 9,500 kg.
The supplies of fuel — 1950 liters.
Motor Type — 2 THD ITEC (Honeywell) F124-GA-200, Deadlift — 2h2835 kgs.
The highest speed at the ground — 1060 km / h
Operational range — 2000 km.
Service ceiling — 13,700 m
Crew — 2 people.
Armament: 9 points of the suspension, the critical load — 3000 kg.

Chinese WCD L-15

Another congenial plane, actually a relative, is a Chinese multi-purpose combat training aircraft L-15, made by HAIG in Nanchang in particular advising them of LMC. Yakovlev. Unlike the Yak-130 and his Italian counterpart Chinese M-346 L-15 is a supersonic jet combat training. It is designed to train pilots flying on fighter J-10 and J-11. The possibility of flying at supersonic engine presence is designed with afterburner. Thanks to this particular plane, particularly in its rear part, differs significantly from the Yak-130 and M-346, for the same reason, different aircraft empe
nnage. Although the form of the side of the L-15 is not sufficiently different from the Russian and Italian aircraft.

As a basis for the power plant of Chinese L-15 is meant to use 2 afterburning engine AI-222-25F, which are developed by Ukrainian ZMKB "Progress". Ivchenko on the basis of the available engine AI-222-25, which is used by Russian Yak-130. L-15 equip digital EDSU has modern avionics. In contrast to their own Russian and Italian brothers he will equip the integrated 23-mm cannon. On the exterior pendants aircraft can carry a gun with different classes of both managed and unmanaged. Own first flight plane made March 13, 2006.

Construction WCD 25% consists of carbon composite materials, including its tail, as flaps. The expected life of the machine is 10 000 flight hours or 30 years. In 2010, a version with an accelerated dvaigtelyami AI-222-25F. The new version bears the title L-15 Lift. Thanks to the modernization maneuverability aircraft was brought to the maneuverability of fighters belonging to the 3rd generation. With all of this on the climb L-15 Lift is not inferior to the French Mirage 2000 and the South American F-16. At the current time, the aircraft involved in the tender Air China to combat trainer aircraft of the latest generation.

The performance properties of the L-15 Lift:

Dimensions: Wingspan — 9.48 m, length fighter — 12.27 m, height — 4.81 m
Normal take-off weight of the aircraft — 6500 kg., The highest take-off — 9,500 kg.
Motor Type — 2 turbofan engines AI-222-25F engine, thrust — 2h2500 kgs., Afterburner 2h4200kgs.
The highest speed — 1715 km / h (1.6 M).
Combat radius — 550 km.
Ferry range — 3,100 km.
Service ceiling — 16,500 m
Crew — 2 people.
Armament: 23-mm automatic cannon, 6 points of the suspension, the critical load — 3000 kg.

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