6 most outrageous scientific experiments on children

What if for the sake of humanity, say, cancer need to briefly leave several frightened children in the wild? And just to satisfy scientific curiosity? Do you think the answer is obvious? Alas, not all. Some scientists do not see anything wrong with that for the sake of science …

1. To take children to the wild woods and set on each other

In 1954, the Turkish psychologist Muzafer Sheriff thought: what would happen if the two groups of children to throw in a remote deserted place and make enmity with one another?

Another way to satisfy scientific curiosity but as an experiment, the Sheriff did not know why scored two groups of eleven ordinary 11-year-old children in each. Children were confident that go to summer camp and looked forward three weeks relaxing climbing in the mountains, fishing and swimming.

None of them could not imagine that the parents have signed consent for their participation in the experiment, the Sheriff, and that there is no one on the unsuspecting group of peers, specifically recruited to bleed them.

The first week all went well, as both groups were kept separate from each other. This time is devoted to it in order to build relationships within each group. And here and there some degree of hierarchy, there were leaders and think of a name — one group wished to be called "Eagles", another — "rattlesnakes."

And when each group was formed "a real team," Eagles and snakes allowed "accidentally" find out about each other. A second phase of the experiment in which the researchers did their best to adjust the conflicts, and then watched as the lengths to which the hostility.

It began with innocent games like basketball and tug of war, and in the form of prizes for the winners of a penknife, and offenses for losers. Then researchers cleverly broadened and deepened the conflict, and, in the end, have organized a party for which Orlov brought a little earlier.

Place first gladly ate all the most delicious, leaving rivals pitiful scraps. Snakes were offended and went to call Eagles. Then followed by throwing a plate of food, which, in the end, resulted in a full-scale battle. The children from the different groups have come into a rage every time you see each other, and each time try to arrange some nasty opponents.

In general, the sheriff and his team succeeded in record time (less than three weeks) to turn ordinary 11-year-old children with no behavioral problems in aggressive crowd of savages. Long live science!

By the way, Sheriff carried out similar experiments three times, and each time they ended serious clashes.

2. Program the children to violence, and then shove them clown

In 1954, the Turkish psychologist Muzafer Sheriff thought: what would happen if the two groups of children to throw in a remote deserted place and make enmity with one another?

Another way to satisfy scientific curiosity but as an experiment, the Sheriff did not know why scored two groups of eleven ordinary 11-year-old children in each. Children were confident that go to summer camp and looked forward three weeks relaxing climbing in the mountains, fishing and swimming.

None of them could not imagine that the parents have signed consent for their participation in the experiment, the Sheriff, and that there is no one on the unsuspecting group of peers, specifically recruited to bleed them.

The first week all went well, as both groups were kept separate from each other. This time is devoted to it in order to build relationships within each group. And here and there some degree of hierarchy, there were leaders and think of a name — one group wished to be called "Eagles", another — "rattlesnakes."

And when each group was formed "a real team," Eagles and snakes allowed "accidentally" find out about each other. A second phase of the experiment in which the researchers did their best to adjust the conflicts, and then watched as the lengths to which the hostility.

It began with innocent games like basketball and tug of war, and in the form of prizes for the winners of a penknife, and offenses for losers. Then researchers cleverly broadened and deepened the conflict, and, in the end, have organized a party for which Orlov brought a little earlier.

Place first gladly ate all the most delicious, leaving rivals pitiful scraps. Snakes were offended and went to call Eagles. Then followed by throwing a plate of food, which, in the end, resulted in a full-scale battle. The children from the different groups have come into a rage every time you see each other, and each time try to arrange some nasty opponents.

In general, the sheriff and his team succeeded in record time (less than three weeks) to turn ordinary 11-year-old children with no behavioral problems in aggressive crowd of savages. Long live science!

By the way, Sheriff carried out similar experiments three times, and each time they ended serious clashes.

2. Program the children to violence, and then shove them clown

In the early 60's psychologist Albert Bandura decided to find out whether children tend to imitate the aggressive behavior of adults. He took a huge inflatable clown doll, which he named Bobo, and directed the film as an adult aunt scolds him, thrashes, kicks, and even hammers. Then he showed the video group of 24 preschoolers. The second group was shown the video without violence, and still others did not show anything.

Then all three groups alternately ran into the room, where he was a clown Bobo, a few hammers and even toy guns, although no one video no gun was not mentioned.

Children who watched violent videos, wasted no time began to torment the poor Bobo:

One boy put a gun to the head clown and whispered something about how happy to knock out his brains:

One boy put a gun to the head clown and whispered something about how happy to knock out his brains:

In the other two groups, there was not even a hint of violence.

Once Pandora presented his findings to scientific community, there was a lot of skeptics who say that all this does not prove anything, since a rubber doll in order and come up to her to kick.

Bandura then made a film with the abuses of living adult, wearing a clown, then collected more children, he showed them his imperishable and again ran into the room to the (now live!) Bobo. As many of you may have guessed, and without any of the experiment, the children began to insult, to kick and beat the living clown with the same zeal as the first time.

This time, the statement of Pandora that children imitate adult behavior, no one dared to challenge.

3. Experiment with a broken doll

Psychologists at the University of Iowa have decided to find out how babies have a sense of guilt. For this, they conducted an experiment, called "Broken Doll".

Adult shows the child a toy and told a moving story about what it is special, as much connected with it, and how he loved her when I was very young. After that gave the toy a child, punishing be very, very careful.

Once the toy is provided in the children's hands, it "breaks" the most terrible and hopeless way — this was arranged by a special mechanism. Adult, in accordance with the instructions, had a deep breath and sit in silence looking at the baby for a minute.

Imagine a child who is sitting in the sepulchral silence under your reproachful look, shrinks and hides his eyes, covering his head with his hands. A moment that stretched to infinity.

Curiously, the children who seemed to be injured with a broken doll experiment the most, five years have behaved much about. Maybe experiment really taught them a healthy sense of guilt. Maybe these children at an early age learned that from adults can be expected of any bases.

4. Cheat baby

As soon as young children begin to crawl, they soon realize that it is not necessary to climb down the steep faces, because you can fall and hit hard. But where did they learn that the fall if not fall even once in your life?

The study of this phenomenon, according to scientists at Cornell University Eleanor Gibson and Richard Walk, was unthinkable without the baby to push the edge of the "terrible abyss" and convince crawl on.

They contrived so-called "visual cliff" — clever design of boards laid on top of thick glass. Then it was disguised with a cloth with the appropriate pattern. The result was a complete illusion that the glass in place — the empty space to the floor. It would seem — that's okay, no real danger for your baby no.

Of course, the physical harm to the child is not represented by this experiment. But …

Children, one pushed to the edge of "fault", and the mother on the other hand tried to convince them to crawl through the window. In other words, they gathered around mothers who tried to persuade their tots to do what they believed (and rightly so) certain death. Their children had to choose between obedience and self-preservation.

Thus, it was tested 36 children aged 6 to 14 months. Only three of them crawling on glass. Most turned and crawled in the opposite direction from their mothers. The rest burst into tears.

Despite the fact that most children do not fall into the trap of experimenters, they are too close to the edge of the "cliff", and in the real world could easily fall. What helped make the Gibson and Walk "sensational" concluded that "children should not be left on the edge, no matter how well they can determine the depth."

Who would have thought!

5. Use orphans to train future mothers

It was in those days when girls gave to educational institutions only for them to learn to cook, and to please her husband and keep house.

Someone came up with the "brilliant" idea — to prepare adolescent girls to be mothers with living benefits. That is, these children left orphaned.

Starting around 1920, these institutions have started to "borrow" from the orphanage, hundreds of children, which could practice their young pupils. Children were kept in special classrooms during class to run a group of 8-12 "Mom."

These children's names were kept secret, so the girls came up to them nicknames, sometimes quite humiliating. A year or two of "visual aids" are attached to the foster families.

The program ran until the 1960s.

6. Turn mutilated penis experiment long lifetime

David Reimer, like his twin brother, was born in 1965 in Winnipeg (Canada). When he was eight months old, his parents brought him to the doctor to get circumcised. Instead of a scalpel for some reason decided to take Dr. electrocautery device (for electric shock, burns, approx. Mixstuff.ru). And in the course of the procedure to David accidentally burned penis.

Grieving parents went for advice to the psychologist Dr. John Money, who specialized in the study of sexual identity. Recommendation of Dr. Mani was radical — to conduct sex-change operation and raise David as a girl.

Parents who were willing to do their best, only to see their children happy, followed the advice of a respected doctor. But, as it turned out much later, the quality of life of the child care Mani in the last turn. The doctor did not want to miss the perfect chance for a scientific experiment, which was to "prove that education, and not nature determines gender identity and sexual orientation." And the fact that David had a twin brother, gave, according to Mani, a unique opportunity to confirm this hypothesis.

The problem was that David was not in what did not agree to become Brenda. Brenda refused to wear dresses and preferred to play cars and pistols brother, not paying any attention to their own dolls. The school constantly teased her for what she said and acted like a boy.

Desperate parents Brands / David went back to Dr. Mani, but he assured them that the child is just a "difficult age" and soon everything will work out. All this time, Mani published scientific articles about their experiment, which considered his complete and absolute scientific triumph.

And when David grew up and learned the truth, Dr. Mani suddenly turned and stopped the work published. Two decades of it nothing could be heard. And only in the 1997th from the archives of documents surfaced showing the catastrophic damage that he has caused poor David.

Category: Mad World

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