Archaeologists have discovered the oldest harbor of ancient Egypt


Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu managed one of the largest kingdoms of the ancient world. His tomb, the Great Pyramid of Giza — evidence of the power of Khufu. Recently, archaeologists have discovered a vast harbor, by which Pharaoh was able to significantly increase the territory of their possessions. Through this the world's oldest harbor of Khufu was carrying copper and other minerals from Egypt to other Mediterranean countries.


According to the calculations of researchers, the age of the harbor is about 4,500 years old. "This is a large port complex appeared at least a thousand years earlier than any of the harbor hitherto found," says Tull Pierre (Pierre Tallet), an Egyptologist at the University of Paris and the head of the archaeological research.

This harbor has been built on the shores of the Red Sea in the Wadi al-Dzharf (Wadi al-Jarf), which is 180 kilometers from the modern city of Suez. This discovery is committed by a group of French and Egyptian scientists from the French Institute for Archaeological Research, working together in the former ancient Egypt.

In addition to port facilities, archaeologists found several anchors, carved in stone, as well as jugs, pieces of rope and pieces of crockery.

Scientists hit a few well-preserved documents from the papyrus. Experts say that it is the oldest papyrus ever found. Forty sheets of papyrus describes the daily routine of the ancient Egyptians during the 27th year of the reign of King Khufu.

One of the most intriguing discoveries of researchers — the diary of a port worker named Merrer, who helped lead the construction of the Great Pyramid.
According to scientists, mainly in his notes, he talked about traveling in a limestone quarry in Tura (Tura), to bring back the stones to build the pyramids. Thanks to this diary we first learn about the events of that time in the first person.

In other papyri describes the bureaucracy created by the Pharaoh Khufu (also known as Cheops), as well as on the distribution of food — mostly bread and beer — among port workers.


S. Vasilenko

See also: Ancient map of Antraktidy, who lives in Antarctica.

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