Program for the creation of technology parks in the Russian high-tech government approved in 2006.
Prior to 2010, sold its first two stages: the selection of projects undertaken, the training of basic infrastructure, the construction and development of mechanisms of self-development parks. The volume of subsidies from the federal budget for this purpose entities exceeded 6 billion rubles.
Now the third phase.
As the Minister of Communications and Mass Media Igor Shchegolev at meeting on improving innovation development in the regions, now we need to finish the construction of the first projects to include new members, expand your network and replicate the best practices to improve communication between the technology parks.
The programs have already been built industrial parks in Tyumen, Tatarstan («IT-Park" and the technopolis "Himgrad"), Novosibirsk and Kemerovo region.
By the summer expect to complete construction of industrial park in Mordovia.
The new phase of ongoing construction projects already started in St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Sarov, Novosibirsk, Kaluga and Kemerovo regions.
In the transition to the third phase of the government approved a new industrial parks in Samara, Penza. Without the involvement of federal funding for the program is included in the Tambov region. In addition, noted Schogolev, the list of subjects that have the potential to create a technology park, is much broader. In particular, it Krasnoyarsk, Primorsky Krai, Belgorod, Kaliningrad, Moscow, Sverdlovsk and Chelyabinsk region.
In 2010, the number of residents increased by 49% to 407 companies. The volume of output has tripled, from 7 to 22 billion rubles. Revenue residents in 2009-2010 close to 30 billion, that is, for every ruble of federal expenditures received 5 rubles. revenue. By 2014 it is planned to increase this figure in half and go on the cumulative amount of 100 billion rubles. revenue.
Off-budget investment sotavah 3 billion rubles. Some of them went into infrastructure, and 1.3 billion invested in projects. In accordance with the legislation of the subjects have the right to set tax and non-tax incentives. Most of these parks are used, significantly reducing the burden on residents.
According to Igor Shchegolev, mainly parks operate in areas that are identified as key areas of modernization of the economy — is Energy Efficiency, energy saving, Aerospace, including that related to GLONASS, telecommunications, ground infrastructure, Medical Biotechnology. Naturally, rightfully occupy a large niche Information Technology, because there is very low barrier to entry for business. That is, in order to get going and make the first advances, relatively little need to invest.
Several interesting startups are at Novosibirsk. This software and hardware automation of operational and technical units, plasma-chemical technology. In Nizhny Novgorod is a thermoelectric cooling modules, Tatarstan — a software product to coordinate emergency services GLONASS 112, the product is to monitor the activities of public institutions. In Mordovia Projects for the creation of a new generation of semiconductor devices on silicon carbide wide-nanomaterial, there is going to deploy its own fiber-optic production. In the Tyumen region are working to improve the efficiency of processing and production of petroleum products. In Kemerovo — over the safety of mining operations and biotechnology that are associated with including this security and disaster recovery in the mines.
Adjusted output of high-tech products that are in demand in the Russian healthcare system. In Novosibirsk, a project of production line test systems are massively used in blood transfusion services to assess the safety of donated blood. At the Kemerovo Technopark working on a bioprosthesis by tissue regeneration and emergency diagnostics.
Now parks are at the beginning of the way to organize the production of innovative products. Practiced mechanism for selecting projects and companies, raising venture capital, consulting, marketing support. Ministry of Communications summarizes this experience and plans to organize a center of competence that can ensure their future development. Underway to develop common requirements for technology parks, which include the mandatory presence of a business incubator, a multifunctional complex administrative, laboratory and production facilities, prototyping centers and a host of other items.
"We see, in particular, a big plus in the possible extension of industrial parks on the regime that is now taken for the innovation center "Skolkovo". And a number of projects that are developed on the basis of industrial parks, it can already get those preferences that are used in the future for the residents of the "Skolkovo"- Said Igor Shchegolev.
Ministry of Communications supports the Ministry of Economic Development — transfer of technology parks to residents of those privileges that exist in the areas of technical innovation. In particular, it would be attractive to reduce or to establish a transition period for the insurance premiums, because here, too, a very high proportion of human capital and payroll. And this kind of benefits would serve to attract new residents. In some parks are already lined up, and there is no problem caused by space and fill the area, that is, it is the mechanism that is already earned.
Also, the Ministry of Communications plans to expand the experience of creating expert advice. Already in a number of regions there are tips that will ensure cooperation with regional universities and research institutes, national research centers. Through such projects has passed over 117 start-ups. "We see a future in the relationship between technology parks or in the creation of future parks, linked to science city, because that way we would be able to, respectively, to use the potential that is already there in science cities, and for them to create such a point of rapid growth. With that, it is, as we see in terms of investment, significantly less than with technology-innovative zones, and the effect can start getting fast enough"- Said the head of the Ministry of Communications.
Agreements with research universities have been concluded in the Kemerovo, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Samara Region, St. Petersburg, Tatarstan, and Mordovia.
Work is in progress and on the mechanism of public-private partnerships. And in this respect — the ability to set-off of private investors in respect of the region. Now funding is only on a par with the region, and if the share of the region include private investment, it will significantly simplify and speed up the development of new parks.