Russia voiced a number of conditions which must precede the construction of the first Belarusian nuclear power plant. Moscow declared that it claims to be 50% of the income from the sale of electricity produced in Belarus, and in another case, the Russian side promised loans will be minimized.
Minsk insists on getting the first loan for a total of $ 9 billion, and then agreed to lead the rest of the negotiations. Experts point out that any zamaruzhvanne process will lead to the loss of Belarus: recently began the construction of the Baltic NPP in Kaliningrad region, is planning to build its own nuclear power plants and Lithuania. The original intention of getting rich on the export of electricity can not be realized.
The concern "Belenergo" refrain from commenting on the new demands of the Russian side, saying that at first — a joint venture that will sell electricity on equal terms, and only then — credit issues. By prior agreement of Belarus Russia pledged $ 6 billion for the construction of nuclear power plant with two reactors and 3 billion on the creation of related infrastructure.
Crisis manager Mieczyslaw Burak believes that with the start of construction in July of Baltic NPP in Kaliningrad Belarusian project for Moscow automatically retreated into the background:
"Nuclear power plant in Belarus should not be built today, some 15 years ago. We have offered it in 1994, in the" Star "published articles in which we said, for the sake of independence we need to build nuclear power plants. But time has passed , and went not matter, and play. What is the real situation with the nuclear plants now? Around Belarus planned and built five nuclear power plants. Including Russia in their monitoring records of Belarus in a number of consumers who will draw power from the Baltic station. So Moscow project clear: in Belarus energy will be supplied with the Baltic NPP, and goodbye.'s see, therefore virtually shut down talk of a nuclear power plant. "
Meanwhile, preparations in the area Ostrovetsky in Grodno, where he is expected to introduce in 2016 the first unit, do not stop. From Astravets to the site railway came to the administration and staff of the future nuclear power plant built by two apartment houses, ground floors to office. While Russia's credit line is not open all the work funded by the Belarusian budget.
However, experts say that the original idea — not only to provide electricity to Belarus' domestic needs, but also to supply the surplus to neighbors — against the backdrop of the Belarusian-Russian contradictions increasingly dim. After the construction of the Baltic NPP Russia is going to not only ensure their region, but also to adjust deliveries to Poland. A representative of the Lithuanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Marius Gudynas, in turn, said that Belarus is not attached to the intent and Lithuania. It will build its own nuclear power plant:
"With the construction of its nuclear power station, we booked a studio, which calculated the electricity needs by 2020, and later in the period. Experts have analyzed and said that the region is in principle possible to build five nuclear power plants to meet the demands that will be occur in the next 20 years. But now we hear of three stations: in the Kaliningrad region, Lithuania and Belarus. "
Reporter: "That is up to the Belarusian NPP pryvyazvaetsesya not you?"
"For ourselves, we are building a nuclear power plant. Belarus, as we understand it, is building for himself. Lithuania generally aims to move to a European power. Lithuania, in principle, want to disconnect from the current post-Soviet power grid, we want to connect to the European power grid. Belarus is still exists in that same grid. "
Some analysts hope that the financial problems can have positive effects not only for the residents of Belarus and neighboring countries. Against the construction of questionable (from the point of view of safety above all) of the object are protesting many public figures, politicians and environmentalists. A former employee of the Ministry of Energy of Belarus Valentin Mackiewicz says, if we are guided data center geafizychnaga monitoring of the National Academy of Sciences, build nuclear power plants in this place can not be categorically:
"The point is this: in Astravets exactly 100 years ago, December 28, 1908, earthquake. Balnasts It was 7-8 points, which is significant even by global standards (about 20 years earlier than a similar earthquake was recorded in the area Borisov). And just geafizychnaga Monitoring Centre of the Academy of Sciences made the study of this area showing the circuit faults, etc. So this area is included in the zone of possible earthquakes. So it is this area, as well as areas of risk in areas Saligorsk and Borisov. Although rare, such extreme events happen, but by itself this possibility is very dangerous. By and large, there simply can not build a nuclear power station! "
It is possible that the Belarusian side will have to quickly find a replacement to Russian investments. So far, interest in the project showed the Chinese, but the Russian side has made it clear: in the case of attracting additional funding to Chinese companies Russia refuses to participate in the construction of nuclear power plants. In Moscow, explains that Russia has long worked in this market and has the technology, however did not want to share with the Chinese companies.
Belarus plans to build nuclear power plants in the area Ostrovetsky caused public concern in Lithuania and Ukraine.
In early March, held in Vilnius organized by the government public hearings on the Belarusian project, but representatives of the Lithuanian public did not recognize their legitimacy. In the same month, more than 20,000 Lithuanians signed a petition to the Lithuanian president and the government, asking them to oppose the planned construction.
These public hearings were held in late March in Kiev, where Ukrainian scientists and environmental organizations have expressed their concern and resistance to the construction of nuclear power plants Minsk.
In June in Vilnius, during the international discussion of regional projects in the nuclear power industry, Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite said that Belarus wants to build a nuclear power plant "on obscure criteria."
Present at the discussion of the IAEA Yukiya Amano, evaded a direct answer to the question of how environmentally friendly project of the Belarusian nuclear power plant. Oman said only that the decision to build a nuclear power plant each country has their own. On He said, Belarus considers to invite IAEA experts on the construction site of its nuclear power plants.
In mid-May in Warsaw hosted the Belarusian-Polish intergovernmental consultation on nuclear power plant construction Ostrovetskaya. Their results are not reported by the public.