According to scientists entamolyagav, the current heat wave has led to extraordinary growth of blood-sucking insect population. If during normal weather female mosquitoes for their 1.5-2-month life make an average of one to two clutches of eggs, now — to five. As a result, mosquitoes do not have time to die from a previous installation is added to them. On one person, thus, we have a mosquito whole army. Add that to the same Belarus more than 20 species of mosquitoes, and a few of them — malaria. About the same mosquito population in neighboring Eastern European countries. With regard to the former Soviet Union, there is the number of species of these insects crosses over a hundred.
Family medical practitioners from the countries of Eastern and Central Europe show that this summer, significantly increased patients' complaints on the so-called "insektavay allergy." Allergic reaction to the bites of blood-sucking insects are manifested in various forms. Usually
reddens the skin, there is swelling, itching badly. Untreated bites can itch for weeks. If grazes continuously combing, they have not zazhyvayuts, there is a risk of infection. In the case of a lot of bites may be a direct response to a poison — general weakness, headaches, mlosts, vomiting. According to doctors, a person can make up to 500 insect bites, but in people with high sensitivity even one bite can cause allergic shock with fatal outcome.
As the head of the Association of Family Physicians Latvia Sarmite mighty virtue, "stings the most dangerous for young children and people with allergies., The country has recorded several cases of hospitalization due to" insektavay allergies. "Sarmite mighty virtue advised not to leave the baby unattended in nature. If the bite Dr. mighty virtue encourages both children and adults do not rub the skin on the site of the wound, so itchy bite then there will be more, and heal — longer. wounds be treated with vodka or ammonia. When the bite a person jumps temperature and has a fever, a patient must Call a physician in infectious. mosquito and malaria can be. With timely care treatment is usually successful.
the best way to deal with mosquitoes — Prevention
As the head of the association of general practitioners in Latvia, the best way to deal with mosquitoes — prevention. So, going to the mosquito places should wear closed clothes and use one or the other of the "supratsmaskitnyh" sprays or alcoholic tinctures, which are sold in pharmacies. By the way, many of them do not only protect against mosquitoes, but also from ticks, which this summer is also significantly increased. From the nightly mosquito bites protect window screens.
For those who wish to relax outside their native latitudes, in the traditionally warm areas, doctors do recommend special vaccinations against malaria and other infections. We must not forget that in the southern countries of different pathogens of infectious diseases
can be carried by mosquitoes and nemalyaryynymi. This is the so-called transmisivnyya arbavirusnyya and disease — for example, filyaryyatoz or tularemia, which are distributed in the tropics of blood-sucking mosquitoes and ticks.
In Germany, heard numerous complaints that the invasion of mosquitoes people have to give up the habitual rest on a summer evening on the terrace with a glass of wine or beer. Mosquito control in a number of federal states this country conducted under the auspices of the Ministry of Environment. Thus, the decision of the authorities of Bavaria in June from helicopters sprayed in the air means biological "Bti" against mosquito larvae. Meanwhile IAEA scientists propose destroying vectors for malaria and other diseases with radiation. Male mosquitoes in special boxes massively sterilized by irradiation, and then let loose. Subsequent contact with their normal female population leads to a reduction bloodsucking.
malaria and "swimmers itch"
Meanwhile in Belarus This year, recorded two cases of malaria. Told reporters specialist in parazytalegii National Center of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Public Health Andrew Vedyankov, "is a common figure": malaria in Belarus has imported the nature and the number of cases it still remained at an annual one and the same. According Vedyankova, the current significant increase in the population of blood-sucking insects — mosquitoes yes ticks — has in each case a specific cause. Thus, the increase in the number of mosquitoes in Belarus associated with hot weather and mites — a cyclical development of the population.
"It will take the heat — and the mosquitoes will be less," said the Belarusian expert. As for ticks, the increase in their number was the second year in a row. After a few years klyashchynaya population decrease. In This year, about biting bloodsuckers sought medical assistance for more than 15,000 people in Belarus, that is by 25% more than in the past.
And another nasty disease that causes insects in Belarus. This tserkariozom, or so-called "swimmers itch." It occurs when the skin affect larval parasite cercariae. This year, in the first half of July Narach only 70 cases were recorded tserkarioza. According to Andrew Vedyankova, it is less than in the same period last year, but more than in June.