June 4, 1975 GV "Pravda" flashed interesting article. Here's an excerpt: "An unknown Indian tribe found the expedition Brazilian National Indian Foundation (FUNAI) in the state of Para in northern Brazil. White-skinned blue-eyed Indians of the tribe living in the dense tropical forest — skilled fishermen and fearless hunters. To further explore the lifestyle of a new tribe, the expedition led by an expert on Brazilian Indians Raimundo Alves intend to conduct a detailed study of the life of this nation. "
In the autumn of the following year to the theme and joined Thor Heyerdahl: "The issue of white and bearded men in pre-Columbian America is still not resolved, and on it now I concentrate my attention. For the elucidation of this problem, and I crossed the Atlantic in a papyrus boat "Ra-II». I believe that here we are dealing with one of the earliest cultural impulses of the African-Asian Mediterranean region. The most likely candidate for this role, I think the mysterious "Sea Peoples."
But as said it all Soviet Americanist L.A.Fainberg: "These days, no serious researcher would not say that there are white and dark Indians, differing in origin. No white Indians in America, no. "
Well, there is no way. When a German traveler in the XIX. Heinrich Barth was first discovered in the Sahara rock art water-loving animals and talked about it in Europe, he also said "no" and laughed at. When Carl Mauh, another German researcher, shared his impressions with colleagues about the giant structures in Zimbabwe, and he categorically said, there can not be. "No," said the Englishman Percy would Fossett, traveled to Brazil in the early twentieth century., If he had not gone for good … in the jungle, leaving a book of travel notes. Contemporaries brave travelers have called it "Unfinished Journey".
So how do you actually been the case in America with white Indians? This may help clarify Fossett. Read in his diary: "The White Indians live Kari — told me the manager. — My brother once went to the barge up Taumanov, and in the most upper river was told that live nearby white Indians. He did not believe it and just laugh at people who say it, but still went to the boat and found unmistakable traces of their presence. Then him and his men attacked tall, handsome, well-built savages, they had a clear white skin, red hair and blue eyes. They fought like devils, and when my brother killed one of them, the others pick up the body and ran away. " Another piece, "I knew a man who met such an Indian, — told me the British consul. — These Indians are quite wild, and it is thought that they come out only at night. Therefore, they are called "bat." "Where do they live? — I asked. — Somewhere in the region of the lost gold mines, not the north, not to the north-west of the Diamantino. The exact location is not known to anyone. Mato Grosso — very poor countries surveyed, the mountainous areas in the north still has not penetrated. Perhaps a hundred years from flying machines can do it, who knows? "
It seems to be clear, but … Distrust of the witnesses, including travelers, just the total! Yes, of course, divorced and mystifies, liars and just in the last few years so much that it's amazing. But do not confuse the modern era of opportunists and respected people of the past, which were important not sensational, but scientific truth. Take, for example, wrote about the Indians Columbus November 6, 1492: "My messengers report that after a long march, found the village of a thousand people. Local greeted them with honor, lodged in the most beautiful homes, took care of their arms, kissed their hands and feet, trying to let them know in any way that they (ispantsy. — OB) — white men who came from God. About fifty people asked my messengers to take them with him to heaven to star gods. " This is the first mention of the worship of the gods in white American Indians. "They (the Spaniards) could do anything and no they did not interfere, they cut jade, melted gold, and behind it was Quetzalcoatl," wrote Columbus after a Spanish chronicler.
And further, researchers mentioned countless legends of Indians of the Americas, which have come down almost unchanged to the present day, which tell about the landing in ancient times on their shores white beards. They brought the Indians basic knowledge, laws, civilization … They arrived on large ships with strange swan wings and a luminous body. Approaching the shore, the ships marooned people — blue-eyed and blond — in the garb of coarse black material, in short gloves. On his forehead were ornaments in the form of a snake. The Aztecs and Toltecs called white god Quetzalcoatl, the Incas — Kon-Tiki Viracocha, Maya — Kukulkan, the Chibcha Indians — Bochika. Indian oral work occupies a lot of scientists. For many years Extensive data, archaeological evidence and materials of medieval Spanish chronicles. They are born and die hypothesis …
The most curious hypothesis Swiss writer Erich von Däniken: "White Indian deity — is, of course, aliens from outer space." This conclusion is not just from the ceiling, and on the basis of ever-present theme in all the legends of the coming of the "white gods" from the heavens. You can, of course, agree with Denikenom known admirer paleocontacts version of the aliens. But let's try to leave the alien "for later" and try to explain the White Indians somehow easier. Will call for a start to help the Spanish chronicles era conquistadors. Even the notes of Columbus shows how to revere the Indians to the white people. In 1519, a detachment of Cortez freely walked through the jungle, climbing to the capital of the Aztecs. They almost do not interfere. Why? Yes, all because of legends! Aztec priests calculated that the white god, who left them in Kenya Acatl year, will return to the same "special" year, which is repeated every 52 years. By coincidence, Cortés landed in America, just as a year. Almost completely match the legendary god and clothes. It is clear that the Indians had no doubt divine accessories conquistadors. And when doubted, it was too late …
Another interesting fact. Aztec ruler Montezuma sent one of his officials — Teutlile — the Cortes with a gift: a hat filled with gold. When the messenger poured decorations before the Spaniards and all huddled see Teutlile noticed among the conquistadors human helmets and finest gold plates. Teutlile helmet hit. When Cortes suggested he would take back the gift of Montezuma, Teutlile begged him to just one thing — the helmet of a soldier: "I have to show it to the governor, because it looks exactly the same as the one that once put on a white god." Cortes gave him a helmet with a wish to be back-filled with gold.
To better understand the Indians, fast forward in time and space — in Polynesia first centuries of our era. Modern scholars agree that the Polynesian race is still unclear. Among them, and still often are people with a strong dolikotsefaliey (long-headed), and bright as the southern Europeans, pigmentation. It is now found throughout Polynesia, the so-called Arab-Semitic type (term Heyerdahl) with a straight nose, thin lips and straight red hair. Characteristically, these features mentioned by the first European travelers — from Easter Island to New Zealand, so to speak of any later mixing with Europeans simply can not. The people of this strange type, called the Polynesians' uru-keu "took place, in their view, the ancient white-haired and fair-skinned" race of the gods ", originally inhabited the island. On about. Easter, which is located very far from Polynesia, a legend, like the ancestors of the islanders came from the desert to the east of the country and reached the island, drifted sixty days toward the setting sun. Today the islanders claim that some of their ancestors had white skin and red hair, the other part — the dark skin and hair. This is witnessed and the first European who visited the island. When in 1722, Fr. Easter first visited Dutch frigate, on board, among other residents to raise the white man, and the rest of the islanders of the Dutch recorded the following: "Some of them are dark brown, like the Spaniards, and most white people, and some skin at all as red as if its burning sun. "
Very curious in this regard and notes Thompson (1880), which referred to a country that is a legend in the sixty days' journey to the east of a. Easter. She was still known as "the land of graves": climate there was so hot, that people died and withered plants. From about. Easter in the west all the way to the great South-East Asia there is nothing that would fit this description include: Bank of the island is covered by rainforest. But to the east lie the coastal desert Pepy, and nowhere else in the Pacific no terrain better suited to descriptions legend than the Peruvian coast — and in name, and the climate. There, along the deserted coast of the Pacific Ocean, are numerous burial. Because the climate is very dry, it allowed modern scientists to study in detail the body buried there, which turned almost into mummies.
The idea is that these mummies were to give researchers a comprehensive answer to the question: what was the style of the ancient pre-Inca of Peru? But mummy only set new mysteries: the types of people buried anthropologists identified as not hitherto encountered in ancient America. In 1925, archaeologists discovered two large cemetery — on the peninsula of Paracas (south of the Peruvian coast). There were hundreds of mummies. Radiocarbon analysis identified their age — 2200 years. Next to the graves found in large quantities debris hardwood, commonly used to build rafts. These bodies are also different in structure from the basic physical type drevneperuanskogo population. American anthropologist Stewart about this time, said: "It was a select group of large people, is not typical of the population of Peru."
While Stewart has studied the bones, hair analysis done M.Trotter nine mummies. Their color, mostly red-brown, but in some cases — a very light, almost golden. Hair two mummies at all different from the rest — they curled. Form cut hair in various different mummies and burial found in almost all forms. As for the thickness, "it is less than the rest of the Indian, but not as small as that of the average European population (eg, Dutch)," — wrote Trotter in custody. As you know, after the death of a person's hair does not undergo changes. They can become brittle, but no flowers, no structure has not changed.
On inkah Francisco Pizarro wrote: "The ruling class in the Peruvian kingdom was light-skinned, the color of ripe wheat. Most surprisingly nobles were like Spaniards. In this country, I've met a fair-skinned Indian woman that was struck. Neighbors call these people "children of the gods." Of the elite Peruvian society at the time of arrival of the Spaniards were about five hundred, and they spoke a particular language. Chroniclers also reported that eight of the rulers of the Inca dynasty were white and bearded, and their wives — "white as the egg." One of the chroniclers, Garsilyaco de la Vega, told of burial, in which he saw the mummy with white as snow, hair. But the man died young, so it was not gray. De la Vega said that the White Inca mummy, 8th ruler of the Sun.
Comparing the data on the bright people in America and Polynesia to the legends of. Easter Island natives of home, located in the east, one can assume that white-skinned people came from America to Polynesia (and not vice versa — as some researchers). One of the proofs that — similar to the custom of mummification of bodies in Polynesia and South America and the complete lack of it in Indonesia. Spread to the shores of Peru, the process of mummification nobility was moved migrants (white?) To separate and not suitable for the islands of Polynesia. So, the white god Indians lived in Peru? Sufficient acquaintance with a lot of different genres of literature on the history of Peru, to discover there are many references to the bearded and white-skinned Indian gods.
Images of these deities were in the Inca temples. In the temple of Cuzco, razed to the ground, there was a huge statue depicting a man in a long robe and sandals, "is exactly the same as the Spanish artists drew at home," — said Pizarro. The temple was built in honor of Viracocha, also was a great god of the Kon-Tiki Viracocha — a man with a long beard and proud bearing, in a long robe. Chronicler wrote that when the Spaniards saw this statue, we thought that St. Bartholomew came to the Indians of Peru and created a monument in memory of the event. Conquistadors were so amazed strange statue that did not ruin it at once, and the church at the time was over the fate of other similar structures. But soon, and its fragments were separated.
Examining Peru, the Spaniards stumbled on a huge megalithic structures pre-Inca times, also lay in ruins. "When I asked the local Indians, who built these ancient monuments, — wrote the chronicler Cieza de Leon in 1553, — they said that it did other people, skinned and bearded, as we Spaniards. Those people came long before the Incas and settled here. " How strong and tenacious this tradition confirms the testimony of contemporary Peruvian archaeologist Valcárcel, who had heard from the Indians who lived near the ruins, "These structures were created by the people, a stranger, white as Europeans."
In the heart of the "activities" of the white god Viracocha was Lake Titicaca, for all the evidence agree on one thing — there on the lake, and in the nearby town of Tiwanaku and the residence of God. "They also told — says de Leon — on the island of Titicaca in past centuries people lived, white, like us, and one local leader named Kari and his men came to the island and waged war against the people, and many killed" . White people left on the lake their buildings. "I asked the local people — wrote on de Leon — whether these structures are created during the Incas. They laughed at my question and said that they know for sure that this is done well before the power of the Incas. They saw on the island of Titicaca bearded men. They were people of fine mind, which came from an unknown country, and there were few, and many of them were killed in the war. "
These legends inspired the Frenchman Bandel in the late XIX century. and began the excavation on Lake Titicaca. He told us that the island in ancient times came like Europeans people, they married local women, and their children were the Incas. Tribes before them lived a life of savages, but "the white man came, and he had great authority. In many villages, he taught people to live a normal life. Everywhere they called it the same way — Tikki Viracocha. And in honor of it they created temples and statues erected to them. " When chronicler Betanzos, who took part in the first Peruvian hikes Spaniards asked the Indians looked like Viracocha, they said that he was tall, dressed in white to toe, hair fixed on the head with a tonsure type (?), He walked important in his hands he held something like a prayer book. (?) Whence came Viracocha? On this question there is no single answer. "Many believe that his name — Inga Viracocha, and it means" sea foam "," — says the chronicler Zarate. According to the stories of the old Indians, he moved his people across the sea.
Legends tell of the Chimu Indians that white god came from the north, from the sea, and then went up to the lake Titicaca. "Humanization" of Viracocha is most clearly manifested in the legends, where he is credited with a variety of purely earthly qualities: an intelligent, clever, kind, but it glorify the Son of the Sun. The Indians claim that he sailed on a reed boat to the shores of Lake Titicaca and created the megalithic city of Tiwanaku. Hence he sent messengers bearded all corners of Peru, so they taught the people, and said that he — their creator. But, in the end, the behavior of people dissatisfied, he left their land — with his companions went to the Pacific coast, and went across the sea to the west with the sun. As you can see, they have gone in the direction of Polynesia, and came from the north.
In the mountains of Colombia lived another mysterious people — Chibcha, the coming of the Spaniards reached the high level of culture. His legend also contain information about a white teacher Bochika with the same description, as the Incas. He ruled them for many years and it is also called Sua, meaning "sun." To them he came from the east.
In Venezuela and neighboring areas also have legends about staying there the mysterious stranger, who taught local agriculture. He was called there Tsuma (or Sume). According to legend, he told all the people to gather around the high cliffs, stood on it and told them the laws and instructions. Having lived with the people he had left them.
In the area of today's Panama Canal Kuna Indians live. These legends also present someone who after a major flood came and taught them a trade. In Mexico at the time of the Spanish invasion of the Aztec civilization flourished high. From Anahuac (Texas) to the Yucatan Aztecs spoke of a white god Quetzalcoatl. According to legend, he was the fifth ruler of the Toltecs arrived from the Land of the Rising Sun (of course, the Aztecs did not mean Japan), and wore a long cloak. He had a long rule in Tollan, banning human sacrifice, preaching peace and vegetarianism. But this did not last long: the devil made Quetzalcoatl indulge vanity and wallow in sin. But soon he felt ashamed of his weakness, and he left the country to the south.
In the "Map Segunda" Cortez Montezuma has a passage of speech: "We know from the letters, inherited from ancestors, that neither I nor anyone else inhabiting this country, are not the original inhabitants. We have come from other lands. We also know that we're descended from the governor, which we were subordinated. He came to this country, he wanted to go again and take with their people. But they were already married local women, built homes and did not want to go with him. And he left. Since then, we expect that he will ever return. Just on the other side from where you came, Cortez. " What's the price paid for the Aztecs their "dream come 'dream, we already know …
As proved by scientists, neighbors Aztec — Mayan — and not always lived in the present location, and have migrated from other areas. Maya themselves say that their ancestors came twice. The first time was the largest migration — across the ocean to the east, where they had been laid 12 strands-paths, and guided them Itzamna. Another group, a minority, came from the west, and among them was Kukulcan. All of them were flowing clothes, sandals, long beards and head uncovered. About Kukulkane remembered as the builder of the pyramids and the founder of the city Mayyapaka and Chichen Itza. He also taught the Maya to use a gun. And again, as in Peru, he leaves the country and goes toward the setting sun.
Legend has similar and the Indians who lived in the jungles of Tabasco. They store information on Wotan, who came from areas of the Yucatan. In ancient times Votan came from the East. He was sent to the gods, to divide the land, to distribute its human race and give each its own language. Country from which he came, called Valum Wotan. The myth ends with a very strange, "When at last the time came the sad departure, he did not go through the valley of death, all death, and passed through the cave to the underworld."
To summarize, we find that the white bearded god traveled from the coast of Yucatan in the whole of Central and South America to the Peruvian coast and sailed west to Polynesia. This is evidenced by the legends of Indians and early Spanish chronicles. And were any archaeological evidence? Or, perhaps, whites and bearded strangers were only ghost product fevered imagination of Indians?
Yes, there is evidence, medieval Spaniards destroyed not all the statues, some-what the Indians managed to hide. When in 1932 the archaeologist Bennett did excavations at Tiwanaku, then ran into a red stone statuette of a god of the Kon-Tiki Viracocha in a long robe with a beard. His robe was adorned with two horned snakes and pumas — symbols of the supreme being in Mexico and Peru. This statue was identical to those found on the shore of Lake Titicaca, just on the peninsula closest to the fruit of the island of the same name. Other similar statues found around the lake. On the Peruvian coast Viracocha immortalized in ceramics and paintings. The authors of these drawings — Early Chimu and Mochica. These findings are in Ecuador, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, El Salvador. (Note that the bearded image was noted by A.Gumboldt, looking at pictures of ancient manuscripts kept in the Imperial Library of Vienna in 1810) We have heard fragments of frescoes and colored temples of Chichen Itza, telling of the naval battle of black and white people. These drawings are not solved yet.
So, the white bearded god Indians: Quetzalcoatl, Kukulcan, Gugumats, Bochika, Sua … tell only a small part of the ancient Indian legends and are just some of the evidence chroniclers. Sure, a wide range of sources points to the spread of light pigmentation in the New World population. But when was it? Where did it happen? How could this kavkazoidnoy (defined by Heyerdahl) minority to maintain its racial type in the long migration from Mexico to Peru, and Polynesia, passing through areas inhabited by numerous Native American tribes? The last question can be answered in a simple reference to the European Roma — the situation was about the same. Strict observance of endogamy — marriage within the ethnic group — helped to preserve the physical type. "They say that the sun zhenilos his sister and told to do the same to your children" — says the Indian legend, recorded in 1609, What do they say about all this modern scientists? And scientists say, "No white Indians mentioned by Fossett in his book, America is not." Apparently, the same is. In 1926, an American anthropologist Harris studied the Indians of San Blas and wrote that their hair the color of flax straw and complexion and a white man. Most recently, the French explorer Homais described meeting with Indian tribes Vayk, who had hair chestnut color. "The so-called white race — he wrote — has even a cursory examination of the mass of the representatives of the Amazonian Indians." American jungle has the ability to isolate no less than the island, and the isolation of centuries.
So who were these white bearded gods? Aliens? Or representatives of the deceased ancient civilizations? Who are the creators of the ancient megalithic structures of the Old and the New World? "The people of the sea"? Cretans? Phoenicians? Who will answer these questions, if the official science tells Chekhov's words: "It can not be, because it can never be!" *** The article draws journal "Secrets of the ages."