The slowdown of the global economy due to climate change and dependence on fossil fuels is estimated at about 1.6% of global GDP, or $ 1.2 trillion a year, and if you do not solve the problem, in 2030 the figure is expected to double, according to the second publication of the report of the Climate Vulnerability Monitor.
The report was prepared by expert organization DARA commissioned Forum countries vulnerable to climate change (Climate Vulnerable Forum). Members of the organization are the 20 developing countries, including, for example, Bangladesh, Kenya and Costa Rica, have observer status the EU, U.S., China, Japan, Mexico, Russia and several other countries.
According to the report, in addition to economic losses, such as those associated with extreme weather events, desertification, reduced agricultural productivity, and other factors, the effects of climate change and take away life. Today, hunger, pollution and disease, exacerbated by climate change and unsustainable development of economy based on fossil fuels, kills about 5 million people. By 2030, this figure could rise to 6 million people a year, with more than 99% of the "climate" of deaths occurring in developing countries.
Total direct damage to the world economy caused by climate change, is now estimated at about $ 150 billion, the industrialized countries account for more than half of these losses.
Report assesses the vulnerability to climate change for 184 countries, nearly 170 of which in the end were rated not lower than "high." Among the most vulnerable countries were, for example, Afghanistan, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan, the least vulnerable — the countries of continental Europe, the UK, Japan and New Zealand.
Russia, along with Belarus, Ukraine and most of its CIS neighbors, was in the group of countries with a high risk of the most serious problem for the country, according to experts, will be burden on the economy. The vulnerability of Tajikistan was rated as very high, Kazakhstan was in the group of countries with the highest level of risk.
"Governments and international organizations should act decisively to combat the growing damage to the national and global GDP, which causes inaction on climate change. Report shows that this omission has caused unprecedented economic losses and threatening the lives of people around the world," — said trustee DARA, former Costa Rican President Jose Maria Figueres, whose words are reported.