British scientists are concerned about the experiments that their colleagues around the world are on animals. During the experiments, the researchers transplanted our younger brothers, especially monkeys, human tissues and genes. This, in turn, could lead to a dangerous humanizing animals: they will have the mind like our own, and even be able to talk!
Therefore, researchers need to develop new ethical and legal rules governing such experiments. "We have to submit the matter to the public before something irreparable happens," — says geneticist at Cambridge University, Professor Martin Bobrou.
British Academy of medical scientists, as the concerns of the matter, reported that the number of experiments in which human tissue or genes transplanted animal, is constantly growing. So, last year was held over 1 million experiments in which mice were transplanted and fish DNA.
Somewhat earlier, scientists from Shanghai splice human cells and rabbit eggs, and the Americans have created an animal that is 85% — a sheep, and 15% — is a man! Outwardly, however, it will quietly: head, body, legs and tail of it is the same as that of conventional sheep with human blood.
All these laboratory mutants, called scholars "chimeras" after the Greek mythical creature with the head of a lion, the body of a goat and the tail of the snake, we need researchers, they claim, to create new drugs for cancer, hepatitis, stroke, Alzheimer's disease and other illnesses, and also in order to understand, finally, the role of individual genes in the development of the organism.
Scientists believe that the more similar to the human animal is, the more relevant research model will be it for testing drugs and other needs. Attractive as possible to grow "spare parts" for transplantation in humans.
The organizers of these experiments do not see them any ethical or legal problems, do not agree with Professor Bobrou and his associates. According to scientists in the UK to create a new organization to oversee such experiments, since the creation of chimeras brings to life a number of questions.
What the new humanoid combination have in the end, for what purpose it is permissible to use, and with what not? And at what point this combination should be considered as a person?
And some experiments with animals should be completely banned, believes Bobrou. For example, the ban should get transplants of human stem cells in the primate brain, as this can lead to humanizing apes.
Such research could result in failure for the people themselves, so they need to stop, adds Professor Thomas Baldwin philosophy from the University of York.
Current research with monkeys, for example chimpanzees, are illegal in the UK. But they are still allowed in many other countries, including the U.S. and British scientists are not permitted to participate in these experiments.
Baldwin and his colleagues produced a report, which resemble the script of the new American film "Rise of Planet of the Apes." In the story all begins with the fact that scientists searching for a cure for Alzheimer's disease creates a new breed of monkeys with human type of intelligence.
"The fear is that, if you add a lot of human brain cells into the brain of primates, they become creatures with abilities, characteristic only for humans, such as speech, or will be able to manipulate and communicate with us," — Baldwin warned the press conference in London.
Category: Mad World