November 29, 2011 9:37
So, the apocalypse is inevitable?
End of the world, supposedly naprorochenny ancient Maya on December 21, 2012, is haunted by the panic-mongers: after the finish — almost a year later. Fears injected and publishers publish the book with frightening names — "2012: The Return of Quetzalcoatl", "Apocalypse 2012: The scientific study of the end of civilization", "The Revolution of 2012: Preparation." Many people are really scared, thinking that Maya foresaw the end of the world and thus completed their schedule a specific date. Search Google for the query "2012" issued in 2009, more than 170 million pages. Today — 4470000000! It turns out that almost half of the world scared?
But what a great secret to know savages? The end was near was so frighteningly attractive that the mass consciousness even resisted listening simple and reasonable explanation about the end of the Mayan scholars chronology (see "KP" here). For example, what ends up a calendar, and the so-called Great Cycle, or "The Fifth Sun" in the terminology of the Maya period of 5126 years. After December 2012 will begin next. As we have previously alternated Five, for example. Also, do not forget that any calendar is arranged simply, it takes into account the motion of the planets around the sun. And the more accurate observation of celestial bodies, the more accurate chronology. We now have the most accurate calendar. The ancient Indian tribes did not know much. Therefore, the coming apocalypse — only one (not very correct) interpretations of a single stone tablets from Tortuguero, in the Mexican state of Tabasco. (Tortuguero (Tortuguero) is translated as land turtles. — Ed.).
— Date 21/12/2012 was calculated by partially preserved inscriptions are engraved on the stone stele — the so-called "Monument 6" of settlement Tortuguero in the Mexican state of Tabasco, — says an expert on the Maya hieroglyphic writing of the classical period Victor Talah. — Given the lost fragments it is translated like this: "Will end quatercentenary thirteenth day 4 Ahau 3 of the month to the ANC` `in, happens … and the descent of Bolon octets in ……". "Quatercentenary" — a unit of the Mayan calendar, 000 days to 144. 13 — a sacred number for them. His Maya associated with space, where there are 13 heavens, owned 13 gods.
Thirteen "chetyrehsotok" are 5125 years — is the length of a certain cycle, within which the universe exists. The basis of the Mayan calendar was the mythical starting date —
August 13, 3113 BC. From it, then simply by reference number in the past days and was carried chronology. Now we live in the last Katun fifth era of the Creation, or the Fifth Sun. It is this cycle and to end December 21, 2012. And nothing more.
However, someone suddenly decided that 5,125 years the Maya averted the existence of life on Earth. And there was a myth that they will pass, and … the end.
As explains Victor Talah, Stella 1 of settlement Koba (Yucatan) shows that the Maya themselves believed that the universe and we prosuschestvuem with her for a long time — before the end of the world, should be avoided during the duration of which is expressed in our calculus tridtsatidvuhznachnym number.
— Nevertheless, a new era, of course, implies some important changes — continues Talah historian. — As mentioned on stele sixth octets Bologna played a role in the Mayan god-destroyer of the existing world order.
By the way, the current Mayan elder Apolinario Chile Pikstun living in Guatemala, said recently in an interview with Daily Telegraph, that the theory of the death of all living things are born in the West, and not among his own people.
He came down from the Sky
Seemed already to have every reason to relax. So unexpected news surfaced. The National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico made a statement that there is another reference regarding 2012. It is in ruins Komalkalko near Tortuguero. It is a line, cut or stamped on the brick — Komalkalko differs from other Mayan temples that are built of brick, reports science.compulenta.ru.
The representative of the institute Arturo Mendez said that a piece of the inscription was discovered and studied a few years ago. It is stored in the vaults of the institute. Experts know about its existence, but many doubt that it refers to the end of the world.
The inscription is a "calendar circle" — a combination of days and months, which is repeated every 52 years. Marked on the calendar date corresponding to the end of the thirteenth baktun. Baktun — a period which covered approximately 394 years old, and 13 — a sacred number for the Maya. One version of the Mayan calendar, entitled "Long Count" begins in 3114 BC. e., and thirteenth Baktun ends around Dec. 21, 2012.
Specialist in Mayan epigraphy David Stewart of the University of Texas at Austin (USA) explained that there is no indication of the future. In the accompanying hieroglyphs used now, "he (she, it) comes." Hence Mr. Stewart concludes that the inscription is dedicated to some historical event and contains prophecies. A reference to the 2012 — just a result of misinterpretation.
Plate of Tortuguero, too, about 1300 years. It is no less mysterious, but obviously it deals with the future. Describes some events that involved the Bologna Yokte — a mysterious deity, Maya associated with war and creation. Alas, erosion and cracks do not allow to read the inscription in full. Some suggest that it is, "He will descend from the sky."
Moreover, almost a year ago, in January 2010, the leader of the Maya as if it showed its face on the eve of the promised end of the world. Researchers from Mexico's National Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, found in the ancient city Lagartero in southern Mexico (Chiapas) stele age of 1000 years, with a bas-relief image of Maya rulers.
Lagartero ceremonial center is an area of 8 hectares at Lake El Limonar — the largest of the eleven Colon lakes in the district Cristobal Colon. According to the analysis of ceramics, where people lived in the years 300-1200 AD.
Maya settlement in Lagartero located in a strategic wetland. Maya could control the natural resources of the area, as well as to limit access to fresh water strangers. In addition, Legartero the trading center, where there was an exchange of goods between residents of mountainous areas of Guatemala and Mexico's central plateau. In the process, researchers have found here a closed area for ball games, five altars, and various monuments, seven houses and four pyramids.
Discovered by scientists on a stele (2 meters, width — 55 cm and thickness — 6 cm) is fully preserved bas-relief. It depicts a Mayan ruler who violates lying at his feet, man. According to archaeologists, the scene tells us how one group of Maya took power in another.
And in one of the tombs, archaeologists found 40 black vessels of various shapes, zoomorphic vases and human remains. Who do they belong to — scientists have only found.
It is symbolic that the Maya ruler showed his face the world in a thousand years — just before the promise of the same end of the world, which supposedly should come December 21, 2012.
Thus shaft rumors reached this size (especially the Internet), the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico decided next week to hold a round table with the participation of 60 experts to finally clarify the beliefs of the Maya and the meaning of "Long Count".
End of the world postponed on February 18, 2013th
Zherado Aldana the University of California, said that he had found a mistake in the Mayan calendar. But not in himself, but in the works of modern astronomers, who analyzed it. And it turned out that the legendary calendar does not end December 21, 2012, and much later. Their calculations Zherado outlined in the book "Calendars and Years II: Astronomy and Time in the Ancient and Middle Ages."
— Maya relied on astronomical events — said the researcher. — And according to them were of the days. Modern astronomers, translating the Mayan calendar to the Gregorian, "attached" to the same event — as documented in South America, and Europe. But made a mistake. And alienated from the rising of Venus. Though actually a comet appeared in the sky. If the assumption Aldana is correct, then the discrepancy between the Mayan Calendar and the Gregorian calendar is not less than 60 days. And then the last day of the earth will be 18 February 2013.
At what time of the Mayan calendar is designed
Maya believed that the universe exists in the great cycles. But for some reason, the reference used several calendar systems:
1) a 365-day year — haab — consisted of 18 months of 20 days.
2) a 360-day year — tong.
3) the 260-day year — Tzolkin (translation — "count of days") — consists of 13 months of 20 days each. He was called a sacred calendar.
Week of the 13-days. In addition, there was also a nine-day week.
Maya invented names and specific time frames:
uinal — 20 days,
tun — 360 days
Katun — about 20 years old,
Baktun — about 394 years — thirteen baktun just end in 2012,
piktun — 7885 years
kalabtun — 158 000 years,
kinchiltun — 3 million years
alautun — 63 million years old.
It turns out that the calendar is adapted to measure the gigantic periods of time. As if the Maya were going to live forever …