We used to think that the time for mystery and mysticism — is primarily a night. At this time of day the dark silhouettes illuminated ghostly moonlight creeping shadows, creaking floorboards and mysterious howling wind. Day somehow not particularly suitable for secrets. Everything is visible, the sun shines, there are no secrets.
However, in Russia knew one demon, whose time was just day. Moreover, not just a day, and noon — when the sun is high overhead. It is the celebration of light, when things stop shadow. Being more active not only at the wrong time, but in the wrong place for besovstva — in the open field, where you can see everything clearly. His name was demon afternoon. Sometimes — poludennitsa (if it is believed that he female).
The Spirits in the field of Slavic mythology was a subordination. Noon, or, as it was also called the field, was one of them seniors. It was a relative of the houses, and he answered in order for sowing. He went to the Help of poludennitsy — perhaps relatives mermaids (at least, tickle travelers midday loved so well as a mermaid).
And the south, and the field could not tolerate those who work in the afternoon, and could be punished by deprivation of reason for it. These children of Slavic mythology — small deities connected with the earth and fertility, so the folk imagination and put them, they say, in the open field. Poludennitsy responsible for how the growing rye, wheat and oats, and closely followed the men to come into their possession, and it is not like when people stayed to work in the field at midday.
Poludennitsy were not only the spirits of the fields, but the spirits of the unbearable heat of the sun, of the scorching heat, the sun is down on the ground, climbing as high as the sky. It was believed that if the employee remains in the field in the afternoon, he insults the field of spirits, and the ones by nature not being particularly evil, he may take revenge and even kill. So at noon peasants worked, it was prohibited. Poludennitsy could catch. And could not catch — the man himself stopped and could not take his eyes from them.
Poludennitsy could be in the form of beautiful maidens with long blond flowing hair, dressed in white garments. Their eyes shone with unearthly blue cornflower (incidentally, cornflowers are sometimes called "Poludnitsyn eye"). If you suddenly come across poludennitsu random stranger, he should pray, but if he sat in the snack, then some of the food left in the victim white-haired and pale beauties.
Not only the beauty fascinated poludenitsy, but also dance. There was a legend that the spirits of the heat, love to dance and have achieved extraordinary skill in this matter. If suddenly found herself in a field accidentally meets a girl and her poludennitsu pereplyashet, then that will give her enormous wealth as a dowry.
But in general, the meetings with poludenitsami not sought. Wealth — a good thing, but it is possible with the life goodbye, beliefs warned and advised to be particularly careful of young mothers who took in the babies. Legends warned that the abandoned child on the border poludennitsy can drag toward or tickle to death.
Poludennitsy national consciousness were born for a reason. Obviously, people who are engaged in agriculture, fear of heat stroke. When heat the body is unable to maintain normal body temperature, which leads to serious violations. For example, heat stroke can disrupt brain function and lead a man to death. Death, according to doctors, is likely in 30 percent of cases.
Particular care should be for people suffering from cardiovascular diseases. For them, things may end coma and cardiac arrest. Heat stroke can occur quickly. It seems to become hotter than usual, well, a little dizzy — think what the heat does not happen. Suddenly, a person could fall to the ground and lose consciousness, or to begin to see what is not there, talk to the air, to behave wildly and strange.
As a reasonable explanation for this people have not seen, they came up with poludennits who allegedly set at volshbu man and tortured him. Could, for example, get to answer questions. In this they are a bit like the Sphinx — Egyptian monster also loved guessing riddles. True, the slow-witted Sphinx ate and poludennitsy just killed — cannibalistic habits they have not been seen.
It was believed that if a person is out of luck, and he met with poludennitsey, then he has a chance. As this creature was strong only in the afternoon, should play for time until the sun comes out of the zenith, for example, very slowly, thoroughly and boring answer questions. As soon as noon passed, poludennitsa disappeared, and the man remained unhurt. If poludennitsa wins, then render a being like himself — did it with the spirit of the field.
In poludennits in Slavic mythology was contrasted character — the so-called moth. This too was a female spirits. But poludennitsy were, in principle, harmless. There was even a legend that they punish only thing — lazy, evil, lazy and disrespectful to the gods. Some researchers believe that poludennitsy were classified Bereguinias — divine beings, designed to protect something (in this case — the planting and harvest).
But the bats were one hundred per cent and the divine origin of the demons could not boast. These were childless witch who after death were not satisfied and turned to evil. They were engaged in the same things, according to the villagers, engaged in life.
They allegedly stole the milk from cows and eggs from birds, choking chicks let in disease and crop failure, which cause damage to infants, beaten and pinched babies so that the children were crying all the time and did not allow anyone to sleep in the house (hence the other name Myotis — Crixus ). Appearance that they could be different. Sometimes they are described as high-haired woman dressed in black, entering homes through windows or doors. But bats can call any nightmares — dreamed of worms, ghosts, bats, dried old women and old men, ravens.
Out of fear of bats mother feared after the sun leave the yard diapers, go out and bear a child. They closed the cradle of the canopy, and not bathing children and washing diapers and clothes in the night after standing water. And certainly surrounded baby charms to the Creeks could not come close. For example, put a pillow under the branch thistle — the grass, as the name implies, is credited with the magical ability to drive demons.
Above the cradle could hang doll-kuvatka — seamless, but twisted out of rags, with the head-unit, with no hard parts. On the one hand, it was a child's toy, and the other — a talisman, which diverted the attention of evil spirits (the faces of the doll, by the way, was not). First kuvatku mother makes the child, even when walking pregnant, and in the manufacture did not use any needles or scissors. Sharp objects, apparently associated with something negative.
Donashivaya child, my mother put her doll to bed with, and then, when the child was born, a doll set off in his cradle. It was believed that a rag kuvatka protects baby from the evil eye, disease, and Crixus. There was even a conspiracy, which is pronounced when twisted doll, "Crixus-Varaksa, these are zabavka, play with her, and the baby is not in May."
But if a child, in spite of all these tricks, still crying and sick, the mother may decide that bat too strong and clever, and because she did not flatter the doll or thistle is not afraid. Then staged a special ceremony to kick bat. For this house fumigated different plants, put the windows dolls made of rags or diapers (to bat not snuck into the window). So he spent the rite to exorcise Myotis.
One woman with a knife incisions are made on the walls, boiled water in the pot and cut off a lock of hair from the child. Mother had to ask, "What are you doing? '. A woman she replied, "I cut, and cook Myotis soar." Mother was completing the ritual dialogue saying "Drive, options, par, cut them so they would never go back."
It seems that the bat — is a generalized image of a night of horror, such as beeches, which today sometimes frighten small children if they did not want to go to bed. Like, do not fall asleep — then come to you beech. Who is the beech is not explained, and the child himself imagines something very, very terrible. Sometimes referred to as the beech Baba, or Babayka that, in principle, the same thing.
These spirits that scare only children are likely to degenerate bats. Only bats frightened without exception, while the beeches gunpowder enough only for minors, because modern adults do not believe in it. And so they cast beech and does not come to mind. The best that agree — do not turn off the light (but the kids are usually happy and this — is that the beech makes no light and only comes in the dark).
Degeneration — a sad thing, but it's better than to disappear without a trace. Of course, the beech is not so bad, like bats, but it's still — it's a creature that everyone knows, no one to explain anything about the beech is not necessary, it is a popular character. But opposites Myotis, poludennitsy of national consciousness disappeared altogether, as if they had never existed. They just no room.
For example, a person lives in the city, going to work from nine to six, all his time in the room — or in the office or in a cafe, or in an apartment. And the field can only see in the picture on the Internet or on television — the terms of the asphalt. In the village of poludennitse too seldom remembered. First, for a long time there was a struggle with the prejudices and superstitions (that's right), during which many legends and myths were lost (which is sad).
Secondly, today's peasant labor was mechanized. No one sows, not plow and reap by hand — there are processors, and combines with a roof that protects from the sun's rays. Third, heat stroke did not seem a mysterious illness arising out of a clear sky. Know its causes, symptoms, how to prevent it and what to do if it did happen. The mystery was gone, and with it disappeared and the myth of the beautiful blonde virgins with cornflower-blue eyes. And this myth, perhaps a little pity.